Chinatown (MBTA station)

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CHINATOWN
CHINATOWN
Chinatown inbound.JPG
Inbound platform
Station statistics
Address 640 Washington Street and 1 Boylston Street
Boston, MA
Coordinates 42°21′08″N 71°03′46″W / 42.3522°N 71.0627°W / 42.3522; -71.0627Coordinates: 42°21′08″N 71°03′46″W / 42.3522°N 71.0627°W / 42.3522; -71.0627
Line(s)
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened November 30, 1908 (Orange Line)
July 20, 2002 (Silver Line)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Owned by Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
Formerly Boylston Street / Essex (1908 - 1967)
Essex (1967 - 1987)[1]
Traffic
Passengers (2009 daily) 5,822[2]
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
toward Forest Hills
Orange Line
toward Oak Grove
One-way operation
Silver Line
Terminus
Silver Line
Terminus
Location
Chinatown (MBTA station) is located in Boston
Chinatown (MBTA station)


Chinatown is an MBTA subway station on the Orange Line, located at the intersection of Washington Street with Essex Street and Boylston Street, roughly at the northwestern corner of Boston, Massachusetts' Chinatown neighborhood. Like all Orange Line stations, both the subway platforms and all bus connections are fully wheelchair accessible.[3]

The two platforms are offset horizontally and vertically, and are not connected, so there is no free transfer between inbound and outbound trains. The station entrances are integrated into buildings on either side of Washington Street. The inbound platform has an exit, now blocked off and for emergencies only, that leads to a pair of small "orphaned" headhouses on Hayward Place.

History[edit]

The station originally opened on November 30, 1908 along with the rest of the Washington Street Tunnel. At this time, the Boston Electric Railway's Main Line (which later became the Orange Line) was moved from the Tremont Street Subway into this new subway. As in other stations of the Washington Street Tunnel, the platforms were largely separated and given different names - Boylston for the southbound platform, and Essex for the northbound side.[4]

On February 11, 1967, as part of a larger renaming of Orange Line stations, the entire station became Essex. On May 4, 1987, the station was renamed Chinatown concurrent with the opening of the Southwest Corridor.[1] There are additional entrance/exit stairs and passages leading to Lagrange Street and Hayward Place that were closed off in 1972, though they are still used as emergency exits. A long sub-passage connecting the inbound and outbound platforms exists, but was sealed off before the station was opened in 1908.[5] Silver Line service on Washington Street between Dudley and Downtown Crossing started on July 20, 2002. Additional service to South Station began on October 15, 2009.

Nearby attractions[edit]

In addition to its location at the edge of Boston's Chinatown, the station is located within the Washington Street Theatre District. Just one block away is Emerson College, which has special programs in the theater arts.

Bus connections[edit]

Chinatown serves both routes of the Washington Street section of the Silver Line, which operates between downtown and Dudley. The SL4 route serves South Station, while the SL5 route serves Downtown Crossing and Boylston. The station also sees conventional bus service from the 11 City Point - Downtown BayView Route.

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
Inbound Silver Line toward South Station (SL4) (Terminus)
Silver Line toward Downtown Crossing (SL5) (Terminus)
M Mezzanine To entrances/exits
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Southbound Orange Line toward Forest Hills (Tufts Medical Center)
Northbound Orange Line toward Oak Grove (Downtown Crossing)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Belcher, Jonathan (31 December 2011). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "Ridership and Service Statistics". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2010. 
  3. ^ Tran Systems and Planners Collaborative (24 August 2007). "Evaluation of MBTA Paratransit and Accessible Fixed Route Transit Services: Final Report". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 8 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Forgotten Boston: The MBTA's Hidden Entrances", forgotten-boston.com
  5. ^ Annual report of the Boston Transit Commission, Volume 11. plate 8: Boston Transit Commission. 1905. pp. 50–53. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Chinatown (MBTA station) at Wikimedia Commons