A residential road in Chineham
Chineham shown within Hampshire
|Population||7,003 (2001 Census)|
|– London||42.8 miles (69 km) SW|
|District||Basingstoke and Deane|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Chineham (// CHIN-əm) is a civil parish in the Basingstoke and Deane district of Hampshire, England. It lies about 3 miles (5 km) northeast of central Basingstoke, just north of the A33 road between Basingstoke and Reading.
The population of Chineham in 2001 was 7,003 in 2,918 households. The 2001 census data also shows the following percentages to be significantly higher in Chineham than the national average:
- full-time employees (61% - national average 41%)
- graduates or equivalent (30% - national average 20%)
- owner-occupied households (82% - national average 68%)
- good general health (81% - national average 68%)
The name may suggest a farm or enclosure, though Coates suggests a derivation from the Old English 'cinu' which means a 'ravine or rift', which may refer to the way that the Basingstoke-Reading railway line passes between low hills in the vicinity, and implying that Chineham means 'rift estate'.
Predating the manor but within the current parish, an Iron Age settlement has been excavated recently in Great Binfield Copse. The Agger of the Roman road from Silchester to Chichester uncovered during the laying of an electricity pipeline in 2002 and evidence of a Roman enclosure and metal working site found in Daneshill during the 1980s. Binfields Farm, now the site of Chineham District Centre, was first documented in 945 as Becmnit Felda (open land with bent grass).
By 1848, Chineham had developed into a tiny hamlet with 34 inhabitants,. In the same year, the Berks and Hants Railway was opened, crossing the Basingstoke to Reading road nearby. By the 1960s there were about seventy dwellings, mostly along the road from Basingstoke to Reading, with a small wooden Church, a village shop, a petrol station, a small village hall, and a Toll House at the Reading end of the village.
Since the late-1970s, Chineham has developed into a sizeable residential suburb, and a bypass was constructed on the main A33 road so that the growing traffic flow was moved away from the housing areas. The railway has survived and prospered, as an increasingly important link between the port of Southampton and northern England. However, no passenger station has ever been built in Chineham, despite several recent attempts to promote one.
Chineham District Centre is effectively the town centre with a wide array of high street retail outlets (including a Tesco superstore and branches of Boots, Marks & Spencer Food and Matalan) and a public library. There is also a large, modern business park called Chineham Park, which incorporates the Hampshire International Business Park, harbouring many offices of national and international organisations.
Today Chineham is partly contiguous with the Basingstoke urban area and is generally considered as one of the town's outer suburbs, though many residents perceive Chineham as more of a small satellite town/large commuter village. In fact Chineham has it own town/village sign on the A33 when approaching from Basingstoke.
Chineham today is predominantly a residential area with good road links to Basingstoke, Reading and the M3 motorway. The area is well served with local amenities, including:
- Chineham District Centre, with supermarkets, shops and a public library
- Four Lanes Community Infant and Junior Schools
- Great Binfields Primary School
- Christ Church (interdenominational), built in 1987 and significantly extended in 2004
- Chineham Medical Practice (local health centre) and two dental practices
- a free monthly community magazine Chineham Chat distributed to all households
- Chineham Village Hall, and the Chineham Arms (local pub)
- a regular bus service to Basingstoke town centre
The parish also contains the settlements of Sherfield Park and Cufaude Village, but does not cover Chineham Business Park east of the railway line.
The parish boundaries are formed in the north by the limit of development of Cufaude Village. In the east the boundary is the A33, whilst to the south part of the parish is south of the A33 and encompasses the Chineham Centre with a southern boundary of Great Binfields Road. To the west the boundary is the western property boundary of the Reading to Basingstoke railway line.
The parish is bounded on the north east by the Hampshire parish of Sherfield-on-Loddon. To the south east is the parish of Old Basing and Lychpit and to the east is Chineham Business Park, part of Basingstoke.
The Basingstoke and Deane ward of Chineham is formed of the parish of Chineham along with the neighbouring Taylors Farm portion of Sherfield-on-Loddon and Chineham Business Park, as ward boundaries are not always contiguous with those of parishes.
- Crown Copyright (2001). "Area: Chineham (Ward) - Key Figures for 2001 Census: Census Area Statistics". National Statistics - Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 2007-07-15.
- "Old Basing – Potted history of the parish council". Old Basing & Lychpit Parish Council. 18 January 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
- Norgate, Jean and Martin (2001). "Chineham". Hampshire Gazetteer. Retrieved 2007-09-28.
- Coates, Richard (1989). Place Names of Hampshire, Batsford, ISBN 0-7134-5625-6
- "Victoria County History Vol 4 – Monk Sherborne". British History Online. 1911. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- "Archaeology and Historic Buildings Record". Hampshire County Council. 2006. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- "A Topographical Dictionary of England". British History Online. 1848. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- "About Chineham". Chineham Parish Council. 2005. Retrieved 2007-07-15.
- "Christ Church, Chineham". 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-03-23. Retrieved 2007-07-15.
- Douglas Hunter (2008). "Chineham Chat". Retrieved 2008-09-14.
- "Chineham - Town Centre - Brighton Hill - Hatch Warren" (pdf). Stagecoach Bus. 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-15.
- "Chineham". 2010. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
- "Basingstoke and Deane Wards info". 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chineham.|
- "Chineham Parish Council website". 2005–2007. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- "Spotlight on Chineham website". Retrieved 2011-05-14.