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Chinese Basketball Association ( Chinese: 中国男子篮球职业联赛; pinyin: Zhōngguó Nánzǐ Lánqiú Zhíyè Liánsài), often abbreviated to the CBA, is the pre-eminent men's professional basketball league in China.
The league is commonly known as the
CBA, and this initialism is often used even in Chinese. There is also a Women's Chinese Basketball Association (WCBA) for women.
The CBA should also not be confused with the
National Basketball League (NBL), which is a professional "Division 2" minor league.
A few Chinese CBA players, such as
Wang Zhizhi, Yao Ming, Mengke Bateer, Yi Jianlian, and Sun Yue, have also played in the NBA. Conversely, a limited number of foreign players are allowed for each CBA team. Notable players include NBA All-Stars Stephon Marbury, Steve Francis, Gilbert Arenas, and Tracy McGrady, as well as NBA players who were CBA All-Stars Kenyon Martin, J.R. Smith, Aaron Brooks, and Shavlik Randolph.
Background [ edit ]
The league began play in 1994. However, the CBA as the name of a league should not be confused with the "
Chinese Basketball Association" organisation, which was founded in June 1956 . In 1996 James Hodges became one of the first Americans to play in the CBA. Today, the regulating body for basketball in China is the Chinese Basketball Management Center ( Chinese: 国家体育总局篮球管理中心; pinyin: Guójiā Tǐyù Zǒngjú Lánqiú Guǎnlǐ Zhōngxīn).
Other Chinese basketball leagues include the
National Basketball League (NBL), the Chinese University Basketball Association (CUBA) and the Chinese High School Basketball League (CHBL) . At one time there was a league called the Chinese New Basketball Alliance (CNBA) , one of whose teams was the Beijing Sea Lions, but it lasted only one season (1996–97) .
Team names [ edit ]
For a full list of teams, see Category:Chinese Basketball Association teams.
The full name of each team usually consists of three parts, in the following order:
A geographic designation (except in the case of the
Bayi or "August First" team). Currently all of these are province-level designations (either a province or a Chinese municipality). A corporate sponsor name; this sponsor may change from year to year or perhaps even in mid-season.
A nickname, such as the name of an animal. This rarely changes.
This can sometimes lead to confusion about what name to use in English because many variants may be seen. Team names are usually abbreviated (in Chinese or English), so that either the corporate sponsor name or the nickname is used interchangeably (rarely both). Also, the nickname can sometimes be translated into English in more than one way; also the corporate sponsor name can change frequently over time.
Changes in nickname are rare, but occasionally happen, as when the
Shandong team changed their nickname from the "Flaming Bulls" to the "Lions".
In previous years, the title of the league itself was available for corporate naming sponsorship. In 1999–2000 and 2000–2001 it was known as the "
Hilton League", in 2001–2002 and 2002–2003 it was the " Motorola League", and in 2003–2004 it was sponsored by China Unicom. However, this corporate league title was not always used in the news media, and this sponsorship practice was discontinued at the start of the 2004–2005 season. 
Current clubs [ edit ]
Location of teams of CBA.
Beijing Shougang Ducks
Jilin GBT Northeast Tigers
Liaoning Flying Leopards
Qingdao Double Star Eagles
Qingdao University Gymnasium
Shandong Kingston Lions
Shanxi Zhongyu Brave Dragons
Riverside Sports Arena
Sichuan Jinqiang Blue Whales
Wenjiang, Chengdu, Sichuan Wenjiang District Stadium
Tianjin Ronggang Gold Lions
Xinjiang Guanghui Flying Tigers
Bayi Fubang Rockets
Chang Bin Adijan
Dongguan New Century Leopards
Dalang, Dongguan, Guangdong
/ Brian Goorjian
Fujian SBS Sturgeons
Jinjiang, Quanzhou, Fujian
/ Tab Baldwin
/ Nenad Vučinić
Guangdong Foshan Dralions
Foshan Lingnan Mingzhu Gymnasium
Guangdong Hongyuan Southern Tigers
Dongguan Arena Notional:
De facto: Jonas Kazlauskas
Jiangsu Nangang Dragons
Shanghai Dongfang Sharks
Pudong Yuanshen Gymnasium
Zhejiang Chouzhou Golden Bulls
Yiwu, Jinhua, Zhejiang
Yiwu Maeho Sports Center
Zhejiang Guangsha Lions
Timeline [ edit ]
Current Teams Defunct Teams
CBA Championship Series [ edit ]
In 2005, the league unveiled the "Mou Zuoyun Cup" (牟作云杯 Móu Zuòyún bēi), which was awarded for the first time to the winning team in the finals. Mou Zuoyun (born 1913) was a member of the Chinese basketball team at the
1936 Summer Olympics, and later served as a coach and a pioneer in building Chinese basketball. 
CBA Finals appearances [ edit ]
Records [ edit ]
Single Game, Individual [ edit ]
Single Season, Individual [ edit ]
Career, Individual [ edit ]
Statistics accurate as of end of 2010-11 season.
178 by Fujian Sturgeons vs. Zhejiang Golden Bulls on February 9, 2014 (5 OT)
Most combined points in a game
355 - Fujian Sturgeons (178) vs. Zhejiang Golden Bulls (177) in 5 overtimes on February 9, 2014
Imports [ edit ]
Imports that lasted more than one season in the CBA:
David Vanterpool, Jilin Northeast Tigers 1997-99
John Spencer, Jiangsu Nangang Dragons 1996-97, Sichuan Pandas 1997-98
James Hodges, Liaoning Hunters 1996-97, 1998–99, 1999–2000, Jiangsu Nangang 1997-98
Ernest Brown, Liaoning Hunters 2004-05, 2006–07
Babacar Camara, Jilin Northeast Tigers 2005-06, 2006–07
Alex Carcamo, Shenzhen Yikang 2000-01, Guangdong Southern Tigers 2001-02
Lorenzo Coleman, Xinjiang Flying Tigers 2003-04, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07
Peter Cornell, Zhejiang Horses 2003-04, Guangdong Southern Tigers 2004-05
Brandon Crump, Shaanxi Kylins 2005-06, 2006–07
Carlos Dixon, Jiangsu Dragons 2005-06, 2006–07
Jason Dixon, Guangdong Southern Tigers 1998-99, 1999-00, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07
Ed Elisma, Shandong Lions 2003-04, Henan Dragons 2004-05
Terrance Green, Guangdong Southern Tigers 2005-06, 2006–07
Rod Gregoire, Jilin Northeast Tigers 2000-01, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2005–06
Simeon Haley, Jiangsu Dragons 2002-03, 2003–04, 2004–05
Stephen Hart, Shanghai Sharks 2001-02, Jiangsu Dragons 2002-03
Chris Herren, Beijing Ducks 2002-03, Jiangsu Dragons 2003-04
Garth Joseph, Shaanxi Kylins 2001-02, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05
Justin Love, Beijing Aoshen Olympian 2002-03, 2003–04
Tuck Mack, Shandong Lions 2004-05, 2006–07
Gabe Muoneke, Beijing Aoshen Olympian 2003-04, Zhejiang Lions 2006-07, Yunnan Bulls 2008-09
Anthony Myles, Dongguan Leopards 2005-06, 2006–07
Reggie Okosa, Shanghai Sharks 2005-06, 2006–07
Olumide Oyedeji, Beijing Ducks 2003-04, 2004–05, Liaoning Hunters 2007-08, Shanxi Zhongyu 2008-09, Qingdao Doublestar 2011-12
Chris Porter, Fujian Sturgeons 2005-06, 2006–07
Laron Profit, Guangdong Southern Tigers 2002-03, 2003–04
Kit Rhymer, Henan Dragons 2005-06, Fujian Sturgeons 2006-07
Soumaila Samake, Zhejiang Horses 2004-05, 2005–06, 2006–07
Alex Scales, Jiangsu Dragons 2002-03, Shanghai Sharks 2004-05
Shawnelle Scott, Jiangsu Dragons, Jilin Northeast Tigers 2004-05
God Shammgod, Zhejiang Horses 2001-02, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, Shanxi Dragons 2006-07
Mark Strickland, Zhejiang Horses 2002-03, 2003–04
Damon Stringer, Shanghai Sharks 2000-01, Shaanxi Kylins 2001-02
Andre Reid, Liaoning Hunters 1998-99, 2000–2002
Stephon Marbury, Shanxi Zhongyu Brave Dragons 2009-2010, Foshan Dralions 2010-11, Beijing Jinyu Ducks 2011-12
Gilbert Arenas, Shanghai Sharks 2012-13, 2013–14
Eugene Jeter, Shandong Lions 2012-13, 2013–14
See also [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]