Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee
Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee logo
|Created||1960 (as the ROC)|
|Headquarters||Taipei City, Chinese Taipei (ROC)|
|President||Lin Hong-dow (林鴻道)|
|Secretary General||Kevin Kuo-I Chen|
Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee (IOC code: TPE; traditional chinese: 中華奧林匹克委員會, simplified chinese: 中华奥林匹克委员会, hanyu pinyin: Zhōnghuá Táiběi Àolínpǐkè Wěiyuánhuì) is the National Olympic Committee representing Chinese Taipei (formally the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan).
In 1979, the International Olympic Committee passed a resolution in Nagoya, Japan, resuming the rights of the Chinese Olympic Committee in the IOC, and meanwhile renaming the Taipei-based Olympic Committee as "Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee".
Timeline concerning Olympic recognition
The following timeline concerns the different names and principle events concerning recognition of the ROC Olympic team:
- 1910: The "Chinese National Olympic Committee" (中國奧林匹克委員會) is created.
- 1932: ROC competes in the Olympics for the first time as China 
- 1951: The Chinese National Olympic Committee moves from Nanking to Taipei;
- 1952: ROC team briefly withdraws from the Olympics because its delegation was listed as China (Formosa);
- 1954: IOC adopted a resolution officially recognising the People's Republic of China (PRC) "Chinese Olympics Committee" (中国奥林匹克委员会). The PRC is invited to take part in the 1956 Olympics. The PRC organises a delegation;
- 1956: ROC represented at Melbourne Games as the Republic of China. PRC withdrew from the Games in protest because in the list of IOC members two Chinese National Olympic Committees were listed;
- 1958: PRC withdrew from Olympic movement and from the federations governing Olympic sports. Professor Tung Hou Yi, an IOC member for the PRC resigned;
- 1959: ROC informed that as it did not control sport on Mainland China, it could not continue to be recognized as the "Chinese National Olympic Committee". All applications under a different name would be considered;
- 1960: ROC committee renamed the "Olympic Committee of the Republic of China" (中華民國奧林匹克委員會), and so recognized.;
- 1963: Agreed by the IOC that during an Olympic Games the delegation from Taiwan should be known as Taiwan but would be allowed to use the initials "ROC" on sports outfits;
- 1968: IOC agreed to renaming Taiwan team as the Republic of China after the Mexico Games and to their participation under that banner;
- 1976: ROC is not permitted to participate in the Montreal Games as long as it insists on the name "Republic of China," because the host country recognized the PRC as the sole legitimate government of China.
- 1979: IOC recognises the PRC Olympics committee as representing China for the first time since Communist rule began in 1949. The IOC decision followed a postal ballot among 89 members. Under the IOC decision, the ROC's Olympics committee would be: renamed the "Chinese Taipei Olympics Committee" (中華台北奧林匹克委員會); recognised only as a provincial body; and would no longer be allowed to use the ROC's national anthem or flag at the Olympic Games.
- 1980: Chinese Taipei boycotts the Moscow Games due to the decision it must use the name Chinese Taipei in international sporting events.
- 1984: Chinese Taipei competes for the first time under the new moniker at the Sarajevo Games.
- 2008: Chinese Taipei competes for the first time in Mainland China at the Beijing Games.
- "Mainland clarifies name issue of Taiwan Olympic team". Sina English. 2008-07-23.
- The Times, "The Latest Threat to the Olympics - And its all over a name", 10 July 1976
- Werner Soderstrom Osakeyhtio, PDF (30.6 MB) , Sulo Kolkka (ed.), Alex Matson (trans.), The Organising Committee for the XV Olympiad Helsinki 1952, 1952
- Chinese Olympics Committee website