Chinese Venezuelan

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Chinese Venezuelan
chino-venezolano
Total population
~400,000
Regions with significant populations
Valencia, Caracas, Maracay, Maracaibo, Barcelona-Puerto La Cruz, Mérida
Languages
Venezuelan Spanish, Chinese languages, others
Religion
Buddhism, Roman Catholicism, Taoism.
Related ethnic groups
Asian American, Chinese people

Chinese Venezuelans (Spanish: Chino-venezolano or Sino-venezolano) are people of Chinese ancestry who were born in or have immigrated to Venezuela. The country is home to nearly 400,000 Chinese.[1] Almost all their businesses are related to the culinary field. Chinese restaurants in Venezuela are very affluent, mainly due to Venezuelans taste for Cantonese food.[2] Venezuela is also home to one of Latin America's largest concentrations of ethnic Chinese. The city of Valencia is home of the major Chinese community and hosts various markets devoted to Chinese culture including smoked ducks and authentic pottery. A local newspaper is also edited in Chinese. A lively barrio chino can also be found on Avenida Principal El Bosque in the El Bosque district of Caracas. While there are Chinatowns in the major cities throughout Venezuela, they are non-descript and in non-touristic parts of town.

Chinese immigration came mostly in two waves, the first beginning in 1847 and consisting of mainly Cantonese immigrants, [3] and the second one beginning in the 40's and 50's and reaching a peak in the mid 70's in connection with the oil boom. Although several thousand resided in the country, the Chinese were still largely viewed as a foreign population that married foreign brides but seldom integrated into Venezuelan society.[4]

Cantonese is widely spoken among Chinese Venezuelans, especially the variety commonly known as Hoisan or Toisan, but there has been recent Taiwanese immigration, adding to the linguistic and cultural diversity. The largest group of Han Chinese in Venezuela are from Enping. Enping speaks Cantonese in the Enping dialect. Chinese from other places of the world also settled in Venezuela, especially from the Philippines, where they experienced persecution in the 1970s under Ferdinand Marcos, and Cuba, where Fidel Castro's Communist Revolution seized their businesses.

Notable persons[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://convergencia.uaemex.mx/rev38/38pdf/LIZCANO.pdf P.201
  2. ^ http://asiapacifico.bcn.cl/en/articles/chinese-community-latin-america/ The Chinese Community in Latin America
  3. ^ http://gadantre-1.blogia.com/2009/022101-los-chinos-en-la-venezuela-de-hoy.php "...since 1847 when the first Chinese came to Venezuela..." (Spanish)
  4. ^ The Enduring Legacy: Oil, Culture, and Society in Venezuela By Miguel Tinker Salas [1]

External links[edit]