|Studio album by Guns N' Roses|
|Released||November 23, 2008|
Battery Soundtrack, Bennett House, Can Am, Capitol Studios, Cherokee Studios, Electric Lady Studios, IGA, The Palms, Rumbo, Sunset Sound Recorders, The Townhouse, The Village, Woodland Ranch
|Genre||Hard rock, industrial rock|
|Producer||Axl Rose, Caram Costanzo|
|Guns N' Roses chronology|
|Singles from Chinese Democracy|
Chinese Democracy is the sixth studio album by American hard rock band Guns N' Roses, released in November 2008 on Geffen Records. It is the band's first studio album since "The Spaghetti Incident?" (1993), and their first album of original studio material since the simultaneous releases of Use Your Illusion I and II in September 1991. Despite debuting at number three on the Billboard 200 and being certified Platinum by the RIAA, Chinese Democracy domestically undersold expectations. It received generally mixed to positive reviews from music critics. The album achieved international chart success and has sold over one million copies in Europe.
- 1 Background
- 2 Recording
- 3 Music
- 4 Delays
- 5 Controversy and lawsuits
- 6 Commercial performance
- 7 Critical reception
- 8 Track listing
- 9 Personnel
- 10 Chart positions
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Guns N' Roses began to write and record new music in 1994. Bassist Duff McKagan is quoted as saying, "[the] band was so stoned at that point that nothing got finished". Guitarist Slash has criticized Axl Rose for making the band seem "like a dictatorship". Slash quit the band in 1996, with drummer Matt Sorum and McKagan both leaving soon afterwards. Slash was replaced by Nine Inch Nails touring guitarist Robin Finck, ex-Replacements bassist Tommy Stinson replaced McKagan, and Josh Freese joined as the drummer. In early 1998, the band—which comprised Rose, Finck, Stinson and Freese along with long-time Guns N' Roses associate Paul Tobias, keyboardists Dizzy Reed and Chris Pitman—began recording at Rumbo Recorders, a state-of-the-art studio in the San Fernando Valley where Guns N' Roses had partially recorded parts for their debut album, Appetite for Destruction. During this time, Geffen paid Rose $1 million to try to finish the album, with a further $1 million if he handed it in to them by March 1, 1999.
In 2000, Rose hired guitarist Buckethead, and drummer Bryan Mantia to replace Freese, who left to join A Perfect Circle. Later on in 2000, Finck rejoined the band as the third guitarist. On January 1, 2001, Guns N' Roses played their first concert in over seven years at the House of Blues in Las Vegas, Nevada. This was followed by their headlining performance at Rock in Rio III on January 14, 2001 in front of 190,000 people. On August 29, 2002, the band made a surprise visit to the MTV Video Music Awards, playing old songs along with a new "Madagascar" to an ecstatic New York crowd.
Ron "Bumblefoot" Thal replaced the departed guitarist Buckethead and touring resumed in May 2006, with Bumblefoot adding guitar tracks to the album between legs of touring throughout the year. Drummer Frank Ferrer replaced departed Mantia in July and added his drum tracks to the album. On December 14, 2006, Rose published an open letter to the band's fans on their website, claiming that remaining tour's shows were taking up time the band needed to finish recording Chinese Democracy. Rose also revealed that the band had parted company with their manager Merck Mercuriadis, implying that the reason the album was not released in 2006 was Mercuriadis's fault (many times throughout 2006, Rose had said the album would be released that year). In the letter, Rose announced a tentative release date of March 6, 2007 for the album; however, the album was once again delayed.
On February 22, 2007, the band's road manager, Del James, announced that all recording for the album had been completed and it was in the mixing process, James stated that there was no release date for the album but that things appeared to be moving on after a number of delays.
On September 14, 2008, "Shackler's Revenge" was released on the music video game Rock Band 2, making it the band's first official release of new material since 1999's "Oh My God". "Shackler's Revenge" was shortly followed by another release, "If the World", which plays during the closing credits of Body of Lies. A firm release date was announced by Billboard in October 2008, set for November 23. In the US, the retail release is sold exclusively through Best Buy. The first single from the album, "Chinese Democracy", was released on October 22, 2008, followed by the second single "Better" on November 17, 2008. The album was released as downloadable content for the Rock Band series on April 14, 2009.
Shortly before the album's release, mastering engineer Bob Ludwig offered three versions of the album for approval to co-producers Axl Rose and Caram Costanzo, and they selected the one with no dynamic-range compression, to avoid being involved in the ongoing loudness war. Ludwig wrote, "I was floored when I heard they decided to go with my full dynamics version and the loudness-for-loudness-sake versions be damned." Ludwig feels that the "fan and press backlash against the recent heavily compressed recordings finally set the context for someone to take a stand and return to putting music and dynamics above sheer level."
A version of Chinese Democracy was completed and ready to be released in 2000; however, when Roy Thomas Baker was hired, he decided everything (reported to be up to 30 songs) needed re-recording. Long time Guns N' Roses producer Mike Clink was reported to have worked on the album during its conception. Moby and Youth turned down offers to work on the album. According to Rolling Stone, engineer Andy Wallace, who had worked with many notable bands such as Nirvana, Sepultura, Slayer and Bad Religion, was working on the album in 2006. A source close to Guns N' Roses is quoted as saying "we're absolutely delighted with the mixes". Other producers who have worked on the album include Bob Ezrin and Sean Beavan.
The band has worked with numerous other artists during Chinese Democracy's recording process, including guitarists Brian May and Dave Navarro. May recorded the lead guitar parts for the leaked song "Catcher In the Rye" in 1999; however, May is not credited in the finished album, and his performances were removed from the final release. Composers Marco Beltrami and Paul Buckmaster worked on orchestral arrangements for the album in the early 2000s. In January 2007, former Skid Row frontman Sebastian Bach recorded backing vocals for a song called "Sorry" at Electric Lady Studios. Harpist Patti Hood has also recorded parts for the album.
Sample of "Chinese Democracy" from Chinese Democracy. It is the first single released by Guns N' Roses since 1999.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
In 1999, the industrial metal song "Oh My God" was released on the soundtrack of the movie End of Days and played over the movie's end credits. It featured current Guns N' Roses members Axl Rose, Tommy Stinson, Dizzy Reed, and Chris Pitman, along with former members Robin Finck, Paul Tobias, and Josh Freese. Dave Navarro and Gary Sunshine also recorded guitar parts for the song. "Oh My God" was unpopular upon its release and was described by Allmusic as "a less than satisfying comeback". The sound of Chinese Democracy was often reported to be industrial rock music similar to Nine Inch Nails and Ministry, a style of which Rose had long been a fan. However, in a 2001 interview with an Argentine radio station, Rose stated the album was not industrial, and would vary in styles, stating "It is not industrial, the closest thing to that was perhaps "Oh My God", but there are some songs that won't be on the album that were this way. There will be all kinds of styles, many influences as blues, mixed in the songs."
In 2003, DJ Eddie Trunk spoke about the demo of "I.R.S.", which was leaked on his radio show, stating "It reminded me of Use Your Illusion-era stuff, with some modern flairs to it. The song had a loop track in the beginning, but then, when it kicked in, it was that same dramatic Guns N' Roses hard rock." During the launch party for Korn's 2006 tour, Rose conducted an interview with Rolling Stone and told the magazine:
It's a very complex record, I'm trying to do something different. Some of the arrangements are kind of like Queen. Some people are going to say, 'It doesn't sound like Axl Rose, it doesn't sound like Guns N' Roses.' But you'll like at least a few songs on there.
In a Rolling Stone article in 2006, former Skid Row frontman Sebastian Bach described the album as "epic" and "mind-blowing" and added "It's a very cool album—it's badass with killer screams, killer guitar riffs, but it's got a totally modern sound. The word for it is ‘grand.' It's fucking epic. He's reinvented himself yet again." Bach has also described the album as having "the rawness and the power of Appetite for Destruction, but it also has the grandiosity of 'November Rain'." He went on to describe the song "Sorry", which he sings backing vocals on, stating "There's this one song called ‘Sorry' that's almost like doom metal with Axl singing really clean over this grinding, slow beat that is fucking mean, I cannot get it out of my head."
According to a March 2005 New York Times article, production costs for the album had reached $13 million, making it probably the most expensive recording "never made." Then-Guns N' Roses manager Merck Mercuriadis, however, rejected the claims made by the article in a letter and claimed that the newspaper's sources had not been involved with the project for "six to nine years".
Rose issued a press release on Guns N' Roses' official website on December 14, 2006. Entitled "An open letter to the fans from Axl", Rose announced the cancellation of four concerts that were scheduled for January 2007. He stated that if the band fulfilled the concerts, "valuable time needed by the band and record company for the proper setup and release of the album Chinese Democracy would have been lost". Also in the letter, he confirmed that Guns N' Roses had parted company with Mercuriadis. Rose blamed much of the album's delay on Mercuriadis. Rose also announced a tentative release date for Chinese Democracy of March 6, 2007, and remarked that it was the first time the band had publicly named a release date for the album.
Despite Rose's announcement, the album was once again delayed. On February 22, 2007, the band's road manager, Del James, issued a press release definitively stating that all recording for the album had been completed. James elaborated, "There is no official release date, as the band is currently mixing, but after some delays and scheduling difficulties, things appear to be moving along."
In a 2007 interview, Sebastian Bach claimed Rose had planned to have the album released by Christmas 2007: "I know Axl was very serious about putting something out before Christmas. He was talking to me about it. He was talking about finishing liner notes." Bach also said that Chinese Democracy's delay might be because of business problems: "I think there's a lot of business shit that goes on with him. It's just not as easy. It's a little more complicated than people think." Little was said about the record after this, and 2007 saw no official release of the new material.
In January 2008, rumors arose that Chinese Democracy had been handed over to Geffen Records, but had been delayed because the label and Rose could not agree on the marketing of the album. Eddie Trunk also claimed Geffen might have the album: "I hear the new GNR CD is actually done, but the delay in release is not the bands [sic] issues but the label. There is so much money tied up in this record that in todays [sic] business it will be virtually impossible to be profitable, meaning the label might want to sell it off but can not [sic] find a buyer since nobody buys CDs anymore. Problem might not be Axl this time around and might keep this CD in limbo for more years to come. Hopefully it gets resolved." However, in a February 2008 interview with Classic Rock Magazine, Rose's personal manager, Beta Lebeis, debunked Trunk's suggestion and was quoted as saying, "We're currently in negotiations with the record label".
Controversy and lawsuits
Dr Pepper promotion
On March 26, 2008, various media outlets reported that Dr Pepper would offer a free can of Dr Pepper to everyone in America—excluding former Guns N' Roses guitarists Buckethead and Slash—if the band released Chinese Democracy in 2008. Later on March 26, Rose replied to Dr Pepper on Guns N' Roses' official website and spoke of his surprise at Dr Pepper's support. Rose also said he would share his Dr Pepper with Buckethead as "some of Buckethead's performances are on Chinese Democracy". After it was announced that the album would be released in 2008, Dr Pepper confirmed that it would uphold its pledge. However, Dr Pepper's online distribution of free coupons upon the album's release November 23, 2008 proved less than adequate. Lawyers for the band threatened Dr Pepper's parent company with a lawsuit just two days after the album's release. In a letter to Dr Pepper, Rose's lawyer Alan Gutman said "The redemption scheme your company clumsily implemented for this offer was an unmitigated disaster which defrauded consumers and, in the eyes of vocal fans, ruined Chinese Democracy's release." Rose's lawyer also demanded that the company make a full-page apology that would appear in The Wall Street Journal, USA Today, The New York Times and The Los Angeles Times.
Later, in an online interview with a fan message forum, Rose stated he specifically told his lawyers it was a non-issue and was taken off-guard by their actions. He believed they should be focused on the record release.
Censorship in the People's Republic of China
The album is banned in the People's Republic of China, due to perceived criticism in its title track of the Government of the People's Republic of China and reference to the Falun Gong. The Chinese government said through media that it "turns its spear point on China".
In October 2009, electronic musician Ulrich Schnauss's record labels, Independiente and Domino, sued Guns N' Roses, alleging that the band had committed copyright infringement by using portions of his compositions in the song "Riad 'n the Bedouins". The suit alleges that the portions used were from Schnauss' 2001 Wherever You Are and 2003 A Strangely Isolated Place. Brian Caplan, attorney for Domino, stated that they first contacted the Geffen label on February 26. The label "attempted to explain [the samples] away", Caplan told the New York Daily News "They tried to justify it." Guns N' Roses vigorously denies the allegations. Guns N' Roses manager Irving Azoff stated that "The snippets of 'ambient noise' in question were provided by a member of the album's production team who has assured us that these few seconds of sound were obtained legitimately." Going further, he added "While the band resents the implication that they would ever use another artist's work improperly and are assessing possible counterclaims, they are confident this situation will be satisfactorily resolved." The two labels are seeking $1 million in damages against Geffen for the unauthorized use of the composition samples.
The album was initially released November 22, 2008, in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. It was released on November 23, 2008, worldwide, except in the United Kingdom on November 24, 2008. Chinese Democracy debuted at number three on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 261,000 copies in its first week, well below expectations. The album also debuted at #2 on the UK Albums Chart. Chinese Democracy was certified Platinum by the RIAA on February 3, 2009, having shipped one million copies in the United States.
The album secured an IFPI European Platinum Award, having sold more than one million copies in Europe, and had sold 2.6 million units worldwide as of February 2009, according to Universal Music. The album also reached triple platinum certification in Canada, as well as platinum certifications in many other countries, including Finland, the Czech Republic, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Poland, Romania, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. It was certified gold in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Sweden, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Brazil, and Colombia. It re-entered the US Billboard 200 again in the week ending April 3, 2011, selling 3,200 copies, enough for the 198th position. At that date, the album had sold 614,000 copies in the US according to Nielsen Soundscan.
|The A.V. Club||A–|
Chinese Democracy received generally positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 64, based on 28 reviews. Mikael Wood of Spin said that Rose's vocals are "still astounding" and felt that the songs' "memorable melodies" overcome the album's "aural onslaught." Los Angeles Times writer Ann Powers called it "a test for contemporary ears", but ultimately viewed it as "a cyborgian blend of pop expressiveness, traditional rock bravado and Brian Wilson-style beautiful weirdness". Chuck Klosterman, writing for The A.V. Club, said that Rose's "curious (and absolutely unnecessary) decisions throughout the assembly of this project ... works to his advantage as often as it detracts from the larger experience." David Fricke, writing for Rolling Stone, commended Rose's unrestrained approach and called it "a great, audacious, unhinged and uncompromising hard-rock record." Rolling Stone later ranked the album number 12 on its year-end list of 2008's best albums. MSN Music's Robert Christgau said that Rose succeeds on "his own totally irrelevant terms" and asserted, "Since he's no longer capable of leading young white males astray, this effort isn't just pleasurable artistically. It's touching on a human level. Noble, even. I didn't think he had it in him."
In a mixed review, Greg Kot of the Chicago Tribune found Axl Rose's production overembellished and wrote that "Rose throws everything he’s got into these songs, but his shock-and-awe arrangements suggest he’s really trying to cover something up". Kitty Empire, writing for The Observer, accused Rose of "cribbing" from the industrial rock of Nine Inch Nails and observed "a mish-mash of portentous digitals in search of a purpose." Rob Harvilla of The Village Voice viewed the album as overcooked and called it "a hilariously painstaking attempt to synthesize that lightning, a lost cause taken to delirious extremes, a fascinating catastrophe inspiring equal parts awe and pity." Slant Magazine's Casey Boland found its songs "grandiose, overwrought, overblown, superfluous and occasionally among the greatest songs Rose has recorded to date." Jon Pareles, writing for The New York Times, believed that it would have been perceived as a "transitional album" by the band even if they had released it in 2000, and mused: "Sometime during the years of work, theatricality and razzle-dazzle replaced heart."
Former band member Duff McKagan praised the album, saying that "Axl sounds amazing" and "I think Axl's finally made the record he always wanted to". Slash reacted positively to the title track, and after the full album was released, the guitarist only said it was "exactly what I thought it would sound like", with many synthesizers and digital augmentation.
All lyrics written by Axl Rose.
|1.||"Chinese Democracy"||Rose, Josh Freese||4:43|
|2.||"Shackler's Revenge"||Rose, Buckethead, Caram Costanzo, Bryan Mantia, Pete Scaturro||3:37|
|3.||"Better"||Rose, Robin Finck||4:58|
|4.||"Street of Dreams"||Rose, Tommy Stinson, Dizzy Reed||4:46|
|5.||"If the World"||Rose, Chris Pitman||4:54|
|6.||"There Was a Time"||Rose, Paul Tobias, Reed||6:41|
|7.||"Catcher in the Rye"||Rose, Tobias||5:53|
|8.||"Scraped"||Rose, Buckethead, Costanzo||3:30|
|9.||"Riad N' the Bedouins"||Rose, Stinson||4:10|
|10.||"Sorry"||Rose, Buckethead, Mantia, Scaturro||6:14|
|11.||"I.R.S."||Rose, Tobias, Reed||4:28|
|13.||"This I Love"||Rose||5:34|
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2010)|
- Guns N' Roses
- W. Axl Rose – lead vocals, piano on "Catcher in the Rye", "This I Love" and "Prostitute", keyboards on "Chinese Democracy", "There Was a Time" and "This I Love", rhythm guitar on "There Was a Time" & "Madagascar", backing vocals on "Catcher in the Rye", drum arrangement, digital editing on all tracks
- Dizzy Reed – keyboards, piano, synthesizer, backing vocals
- Ron "Bumblefoot" Thal – lead & rhythm guitars
- Tommy Stinson – bass, backing vocals
- Richard Fortus – rhythm guitar on "Chinese Democracy", "Better", "Street of Dreams", "There Was A Time" & "Prostitute"
- Chris Pitman – keyboards, backing vocals, programming, sub-bass, bass on "There Was a Time" and "Madagascar", 12 string guitar on "If the World", mellotron on "There Was a Time"
- Frank Ferrer – drums on "Chinese Democracy", "Better", "If the World", "There Was a Time" & "I.R.S."
- Former member contributors
- Paul Tobias – rhythm guitar, piano on "There Was a Time"
- Buckethead – lead guitar, acoustic guitar on "If the World"
- Robin Finck – lead guitar, acoustic guitar on "Sorry", keyboards on "Better" & "If the World"
- Bryan Mantia – drums on tracks 2 to 14
- Josh Freese – drum arrangement on tracks 4, 6, 9 and 14
- Session musicians
- Sebastian Bach – background vocals on "Sorry"
- Pete Scaturro – keyboards on "Sorry"
- Suzy Katayama – French horns on "Madagascar"
- Patti Hood – harp on "This I Love"
- Additional personnel
- Pete Scaturro – arrangements on tracks 2 and 10; digital editing and additional engineering on track 10; initial production on tracks 2 and 10
- Caram Costanzo – digital editing on all tracks; arrangements on tracks 2, 6 and 8; drum arrangements on tracks 3, 6 and 14; sub drums on track 13; production; mixing; engineering; initial production on track 8
- Eric Caudieux – digital editing on all tracks; additional drum programming on track 5; arrangements on track 6; sub drums on track 13; Pro Tools engineering; additional production
- Andy Wallace – Mixing
- Dan Monti – engineering
- Bob Ludwig – mastering
- Roy Thomas Baker – Initial album production
- Sean Beavan – arrangements on tracks 1, 4, 6, 9 and 11; digital editing on tracks 1, 4 to 6, 9, 11, 12 and 14; initial production on tracks 5 and 12; additional Pro Tools, drum arrangement
- Paul Buckmaster – Orchestra conductor, Orchestral arrangement on track 14, Initial Symphonic arrangements on tracks 4, 6, 12
- Marco Beltrami – Additional Orchestral arrangements on tracks 4, 6, 12 and 14; Orchestral arrangement on track 13
- Suzy Katayama – Orchestra contractor, French horns on track 12; Brass section arrangements on tracks 6, 12 and 13; Choral arrangements on tracks 6 and 13
- Billy Howerdel – digital editing on track 6
|2008||European Top 100||1|
|Argentina Albums Chart||1|
|Canadian Albums Chart||1|
|Finnish Albums Chart||1|
|New Zealand Albums Chart||1|
|Polish Albums Chart||1|
|Slovene Albums Chart||1|
|Swiss Albums Chart||1|
|Taiwanese G-music Western Chart||1|
|UK Albums Chart||2|
|German Albums Chart||2|
|Norwegian Albums Chart||2|
|U.S. Billboard 200||3|
|Australian Albums Chart||3|
|Austrian Albums Chart||3|
|Irish Albums Chart||3|
|Israeli Albums Chart||3|
|Italian Albums Chart||3|
|Japanese Oricon Albums Chart||3|
|Belgian Albums Chart||2|
|Dutch Albums Chart||4|
|Hungarian Albums Chart||4|
|Mexican Albums Chart||3|
|Russian Albums Chart||4|
|Swedish Albums Chart||4|
|Danish Albums Chart||7|
|Portuguese Albums Chart||9|
|French Albums Chart||5|
|Greek Albums Chart||10|
|Swiss Albums Chart||89|
|2008||"Chinese Democracy"||Billboard Hot 100||34|
|Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks||5|
|Hot Modern Rock Tracks||24|
|Canadian Hot 100||10|
|UK Singles Chart||27|
|Australian ARIA Singles Chart||54|
|Norwegian Top 20||1|
|Swedish Singles Chart||3|
|Finnish Singles Chart||3|
|2008||"Better"||Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks||3|
|2009||"Street of Dreams"||Canadian Song Charts||44|
- Fricke, David (November 27, 2008). Review: Chinese Democracy. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on November 28, 2009.
- Empire, Kitty (November 22, 2008). "CD of the week: Guns N' Roses: Chinese Democracy". The Observer (London). Observer Review section, p. 19. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
- "Gold and Platinum Database Search". Retrieved November 25, 2009.
- Christman, Ed. "Kanye, Guns N' Roses Post Slow Debut Week Sales". billboard.com. Dec 1, 2008.
- Steffen, Chris. "Chinese Democracy Hits Best Buys in New York with a Yawn". Rolling Stone. November 24, 2008
- Randy Lewis (December 13, 2008). "A long wait, a fast fall". LA Times. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
- Josh Tyrangiel (November 20, 2008). "Guns N' Roses' Chinese Democracy, at Last". Time Magazine. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
- Henry Yates (November 19, 2008). "33 insane facts about Chinese Democracy". MusicRadar. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
- Condon, Dan (March 6, 2005). "Armed to the Teeth". Time Off. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- Leeds, Jeff (March 6, 2005). "The Most Expensive Album Never Made". New York Times. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- "Slash: AXL Quit Guns n' Roses To Gain Control Of Band". Blabbermouth.net. November 9, 2007. Retrieved November 18, 2007.
- Loder, Kurt (January 15, 2001). "Guns N' Roses Kick Out The Jams At Rock In Rio". MTV. Retrieved December 2, 2007.
- Jon Wiederhorn (August 29, 2002). "Guns N' Roses Cap Night Of Spectacles From Diddy, Eminem, Timberlake". MTV. Retrieved November 21, 2008.
- Rose, Axl (December 14, 2006). "An open letter from Axl Rose". GunsNRoses.com. Retrieved December 20, 2007.
- "Former Guns N' Roses Manager: 'I Believe In Axl Rose'". Mercuriadis, Merck. December 15, 2006. Retrieved December 22, 2007.
- James, Del (February 22, 2007). "Chinese Democracy update". Retrieved January 12, 2008.
- "New Guns n' Roses Leak: "Shackler's Revenge"". Rolling Stone. August 14, 2008. Retrieved August 14, 2008.
- Cohen, Jonathan. "GNR's 'Chinese Democracy' Gets Release Date". Billboard. Retrieved October 9, 2008.
- "New Guns N' Roses Single Hits Radio Tomorrow". Billboard. October 22, 2008. Retrieved October 22, 2008.
- "Rockband.com". Rockband.com. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Gateway Mastering & DVD". Gatewaymastering.com. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- Ludwig, Bob (November 25, 2008). "Guns 'N Roses: Dynamics and quality win the Loudness Wars". Loudness Wars. Gateway Mastering. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
- "Chinese Whispers". GNR Evolution. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
- "The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll". Rolling Stone.com. Retrieved November 21, 2007.
- "Exclusive: More Juicy "Chinese Democracy" Tidbits". Rolling Stone.com. October 18, 2006. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- Wiederhorn, Jon (June 9, 2004). "GN'R Bassist Works Solo While Awaiting Chinese Democracy". MTV. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- May, Brian (March 2, 2006). ""Catcher in the Rye", Chinese Democracy Leaks and Axl Rose". Brian's Soapbox. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- Erlewine, Stephen. Prato, Greg. "Allmusic — Guns N' Roses". Allmusic. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- "GN'R axe Brian May from Chinese Democracy". musicradar.com. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
- "SEBASTIAN BACH's New Album To Feature Guest Appearance By AXL ROSE". Blabbermouth.net. August 20, 2007. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- "Patti Hood Resume". Patti Hood. Retrieved December 22, 2007.
- Erlewine, Stephen. "Allmusic: End of Days — Overview". All Media Guide. Retrieved November 17, 2006.
- "Axl interview Rock & Pop FM Argentina". Rock & Pop FM. January 22, 2001. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- D'Angelo, Joe (September 2, 2003). "New GN'R Tune Leaked By ... Mets Catcher Mike Piazza?!". MTV. Retrieved November 18, 2007.
- Baltin, Steve (January 17, 2006). "Axl Rose Breaks His Silence". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- Diver, Mike (September 31, 2006). "New G'nR album: "almost like doom metal"". Drowned in Sound. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- "Proof Axl Rose Does Go to the Studio: Photo With Sebastian Bach". Rolling Stone. September 26, 2007. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- "Guns N' Roses' Manager Manager Slams NY Times Over 'Rubbish' 'Chinese Democracy' Article". Blabbermouth.net. March 6, 2005. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- "Rock My Monkey — Sebastian Bach Interview". Rock My Monkey. Archived from the original on December 2, 2007. Retrieved December 22, 2007.
- "GNR Finish CD?". antiMusic. Retrieved January 14, 2008.
- Trunk, Eddie. "Eddie Trunk — Trunk Blog". Eddietrunk.com. Archived from the original on December 15, 2007. Retrieved January 14, 2008.
- "It's a Fact". Classic Rock Magazine. Retrieved February 9, 2008.
- "USA Today". October 2013.
- Johnson, Richard; Froelich, Paula; Hoffmann, Bill; Garvey, Marianne (March 26, 2008). "Doctor's Orders". The New York Post. Retrieved March 27, 2008.
- Cohen, Jonathan (March 26, 2008). "Dr Pepper Sweetens Pot For 'Chinese Democracy'". Billboard.com. Retrieved March 27, 2008.
- Rose, Axl (March 26, 2008). "Press Release From Axl Regarding Dr Pepper". GunsNRoses.com. Retrieved March 27, 2008.
- "Drinks firm to keep Roses pledge". BBC. October 24, 2008. Retrieved October 24, 2008.
- "Guns N' Roses' Lawyer Blasts Dr Pepper". Billboard.biz. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- "BBC NEWS | Entertainment | Rose angry over drinks giveaway". BBC News. November 27, 2008. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- "Axl Rose Files Lawsuit Against Dr. Pepper; Asks For Apology, Payment | Access Hollywood — Celebrity News, Photos & Videos". Accesshollywood.com. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- Rose, Axl (December 13, 2008). "Axl answers fans' questions on GN'R fan sites (transcripts)". HereTodayGoneToHell.com. Retrieved June 23, 2009.
- "內地封殺 GN'R 唱片" (in Traditional Chinese). Apple Daily. November 24, 2008. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
- "'Venomous' Guns N' Roses album slammed in China". CNN.com. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
- Bodeen, Christopher (November 25, 2008). "Rock album 'an attack on China'". London: The Independent. Retrieved November 25, 2008.
- Kearney, Christine. "Guns 'N Roses Sued for Copying Songs". billboard.com. October 6, 2009.
- Guns N' Roses Sued for Copyright Infringement
- Guns N' Roses Respond to Plagiarism Lawsuit
- "Musiktipps24.com". Musiktipps24.com. August 13, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Cede.ch" (in (German)). Cede.ch. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "DiePresse.com". DiePresse.com. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Guns N' Roses Management Officially Announces "Chinese Democracy" Release, Formats". Rolling Stone. October 22, 2008. Retrieved October 22, 2008.
- Hasty, Katie. "Kanye Edges GNR, Ludacris For No.1 Debut". billboard.com. Dec 3, 2008.
- Author unknown. "Missing Axl Rose Wrecks Guns N' Roses Bid for No 1". www.thesun.co.uk. Dec 2, 2008.
- Prenesti, Frank (November 30, 2008). "Take That top singles chart for 11th time | Entertainment | Reuters". Uk.reuters.com. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- Cohen, Jonathan. "Axl Rose Speaks". billboard.com. February 9, 2009.
- "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards - Q4 2008". Ifpi.org. September 1, 2005. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "IFPI Awards". Ifpi.org. September 1, 2005. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- GUNS N' ROSES To Tour South America In March/April - Nov. 26, 2009. BlabberMouth.net. Retrieved on May 12, 2010.
- "Guns N' Roses: 'Chinese Democracy' Re-Enters US Charts | News @". Ultimate-guitar.com. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Review: Chinese Democracy. Allmusic. Retrieved on November 28, 2009.
- Klosterman, Chuck (November 18, 2008). "Chuck Klosterman reviews Chinese Democracy | Music". The A.V. Club. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- Christgau, Robert (February 2009). "Inside Music: Consumer Guide". MSN Music. Archived from the original on March 25, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
- Petridis, Alexis. Review: Chinese Democracy. The Guardian. Retrieved on March 20, 2010.
- "Review: Chinese Democracy". Mojo (London): 108. February 2009.
- Cohen, Ian. Review: Chinese Democracy. Pitchfork Media. Retrieved on November 28, 2009.
- "Review: Chinese Democracy". Q (London): 110. January 2009.
- Boland, Casey (November 24, 2008). "Guns N' Roses: Chinese Democracy". Slant Magazine. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
- Wood, Mikael (November 8, 2008). "Guns N' Roses, 'Chinese Democracy' (Geffen)". Spin (New York). Retrieved March 25, 2013.
- Chinese Democracy (2008): Reviews. Metacritic. Retrieved on November 28, 2009.
- Powers, Ann. Review: Chinese Democracy. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on April 9, 2010.
- "Rolling Stone's Top 50 Albums Of 2008 - Year-End List — Stereogum". Steeogum.com. Retrieved December 27, 2008.
- Kot, Greg. Review: Chinese Democracy. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved on April 9, 2010.
- Harvilla, Rob. Review: Chinese Democracy. The Village Voice. Retrieved on November 28, 2009.
- Pareles, Jon. Review: Chinese Democracy. The New York Times. Retrieved on November 28, 2009.
- "DUFF MCKAGAN Says AXL ROSE 'Sounds Amazing' On 'Chinese Democracy'". Blabbermouth. December 12, 2008. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
- "Slash Endorses 'Chinese Democracy'". Starpulse. October 24, 2008. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
- "Banned Slash gear may be rumour: ex-GNR guitarist". Toronto Sun. March 12, 2010. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
- "'Chinese Democracy' Fires GNR To Euro Albums Summit". Billboard.biz. Retrieved December 27, 2008.
- "Argentina Top Albums Chart". allcharts.org. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- Williams, John. "Canoe — Jam! Music — Artists — Guns N' Roses: GN'R has unremarkable chart debut". Jam.canoe.ca. Retrieved December 27, 2008.
- "Suomen virallinen lista | YLE Pop | yle.fi". Pop.yle.fi. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- "Rianz". Rianz.org.nz. Retrieved December 27, 2008.
- "Polish Top20". zpav.pl. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- "Slo top 30". vikend.sl. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- "Chinese Democracy' Fires GNR To Euro Albums Summit". billboard.com. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
- week 47 of 2008
- ">> IRMA << Irish Charts — Singles, Albums & Compilations >>". Irma.ie. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- "Suomen virallinen lista | YLE Pop | yle.fi". Pop.yle.fi. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- "Classifica settimanale dal 21-11-2008 al 27-11-2008 Top of the music ACNielsen". fimi.it. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- (Japanese) "Chinese Democracy". Oricon. Retrieved October 7, 2009.
- "UltraTop 50". ultratop.be. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- Novum (November 28, 2008). "Guns N' Roses komt hoog binnen in albumlijst". Nieuws.nl. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- "http://www.greaves.tv/amprofon3/100.php" (PDF). Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Russian Top25". 2m-online.ru. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
- "Denmark Top40 Albums". achart.us. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- "Greek Top 50 album charts". ifpi.gr. Retrieved December 16, 2008.
- "Swiss Year-End Charts 2009". Media Control. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
- "Guns N' Roses Album & Chart History". Billboard.com. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Artist Chart History — Guns N' Roses — Singles". Billboard 200. Retrieved November 6, 2008.
- "Guns N' Roses Album & Chart History". Billboard.com. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- www.devstars.com. "The Official UK Charts Company : TOP 100 SINGLES CHART". Theofficialcharts.com. Archived from the original on July 30, 2008. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- "ARIA Charts : Australia's Official Music Charts". Ariacharts.com.au. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- "Ukens singleliste — VG-lista. Offisielle hitlister fra og med 1958". Lista.vg.no. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- "www.sverigetopplistan.se". Sverigetopplistan.se. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- "www.ifpi.fi". ifpi.se. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- "Updated Album Charts from the most Trusted Music Magazine". Billboard. Retrieved January 16, 2009.