Chinese emperors family tree (early)

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This is a family tree of Chinese emperors from 221 BC (Qin Shihuangdi) till AD 420 (Jìn Gōngdì), the first of three periods of 700 years, from the First Emperor to the re-unification of China by the Sui (581 AD).

Chinese emperors family tree (ancient)Chinese emperors family tree (early)Chinese emperors family tree (middle)Chinese emperors family tree (late)

Qin Dynasty[edit]

The Qin Dynasty (秦朝) was established in 221 BC after the King of Qin conquered his final independent neighbour, the state of Qi. It is now recognised as the first Chinese imperial dynasty in the modern sense of the term; in recognition of this, its rulers were for the first time titled "Emperor" (皇帝), a title of which the components are drawn from legend, higher than the previous title "King" (王). The ancestral name of the family was Ying (嬴), although it is anachronistic to regard this as a family name in the modern sense: it would not have been used together with a given name. The titles of the Qin emperors were literally regnal numbers: "Qin Shi Huang" (秦始皇), in full "Qin Shi Huangdi" (秦始皇帝) means literally "the first Emperor of Qin", "Qin Er Shi" (秦二世), in full "Qin Er Shi Huangdi" (秦二世皇帝) means "the second Emperor of Qin", and so forth.


 
 
See: family tree of the Kings of Qin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zheng 政 259–210 BC
King of Qin 秦王 247–221 BC

Qin Shi Huang 秦始皇
221–210 BC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
18 or 25 (disputed)
Fusu 扶蘇
d. 210 BC
 
 
Huhai 胡亥 229–207 BC
Qin Er Shi 秦二世
210–207 BC
 
 
 
Ziying 子嬰 d. 206 BC
Qin San Shi 秦三世
207 BC

Han Dynasty, Xin Dynasty and Shu Han[edit]

Emperor Xian, the last emperor of the Han Dynasty, was a descendant of the first emperor Liu Bang. Lasting for over 400 years, the Han Dynasty is regarded as one of the golden ages of Chinese history. The Han Dynasty was interrupted by the reign of the usurper Wang Mang, who declared the Xin Dynasty (9–23 AD); on this basis, the Han Dynasty is generally divided into the Western Han (206BC–9AD and 23–25 AD) and the Eastern Han (25–220 AD). The rulers of the Shu Han, one of the three successor states to the Han Dynasty during the Three Kingdoms period, were descended from the Han imperial family, and considered themselves a continuation of the Han Dynasty; they are included below.


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Taigong 劉太公
d. 197 BC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
Liu Xi 劉喜
d. 193 BC
Prince Qing of Dai 代頃王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Bang 劉邦
256–195 BC

Gaozu 高祖
206–195 BC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Jiao 劉交
d. 178 BC
Prince Yuan of Chu 楚元王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
5
 
6
 
 
 
 
Liu Pi 劉濞
216–154 BC
Prince of Wu 吳王
 
 
Liu Fei 劉肥
d. 189 BC
Prince Daohui of Qi 齊悼惠王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Ying 劉盈
210–188 BC

Huidi 惠帝
195–188 BC
 
 
 
Liu Heng 劉恆
202–157 BC

Wendi 文帝
180–157 BC
 
Liu You 劉友
d. 181 BC
Prince Ji of Zhao 趙幽王
 
Liu Yingke 劉郢客
d. 174 BC
Prince Yi of Chu 楚夷王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
2
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Zhang 劉章
d. 177 BC
Prince Jing of Chengyang 城陽景王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Gong 劉恭
Qianshao 前少
188–184 BC
 
Liu Hong 劉弘
Houshao 後少
184–180 BC
 
Liu Qi 劉啟
188–141 BC

Jingdi 景帝
157–141 BC
 
Liu Sui 劉遂
d. 154 BC
Prince of Zhao 趙王
 
Liu Wu 劉戊
d. 154 BC
Prince of Chu 楚王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10
Liu Xi 劉喜
Prince Gong of Chengyang 城阳恭王
 
 
 
Liu Fa 劉發
d. 127 BC
Prince Ding of Changsha 长沙定王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Che 劉徹
157–87 BC

Wudi 武帝
141–87 BC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
5
 
6
Liu Yan 劉延
Prince Qing of Chengyang 城阳顷王
 
 
 
Liu Mai 劉買
Marquess Jie of Chongling 舂陵节侯
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Ju 劉據
128–91 BC
Crown Prince Li 戾太子
 
 
Liu Bo 劉髆
d. 86 BC
Prince Ai of Changyi 昌邑哀王
 
Liu Fuling 劉弗陵
94–74 BC

Zhaodi 昭帝
87–74 BC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
1
Liu Yi 劉义
Prince Jing of Chengyang 城阳敬王
 
Liu Xiongqu 劉熊渠
Marquess Dai of Chongling 舂陵戴侯
 
Liu Wai 劉外
Govnr. of Yulin Comm. 郁林太守
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Jin 劉進
113–91 BC
Emperor's father Dao 悼皇考
 
 
Liu He 劉賀
~92–59 BC
Prince of Changyi 昌邑王

74 BC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Wu 劉武
Prince Hui of Chengyang 城阳惠王
 
Liu Li 劉利
Govnr. of Cangwu Comm. 苍梧太守
 
Liu Hui 劉回
Superint. of Julu 巨鹿都尉
 
 
 
Wang Jin 王禁
 
 
 
Liu Xun 劉詢
91–49 BC

Xuandi 宣帝
74–49 BC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
Liu Shun 劉顺
Prince Huang of Chengyang 城阳荒王
 
Liu Zizhang 劉子張
 
Liu Qin 劉欽
d. 3 AD
Magistr. of Nandun county 南顿令
 
Wang Man 王曼
 
Wang Zhengjun 王政君
71 BC–13 AD
 
Liu Shi 劉奭
75–33 BC

Yuandi 元帝
49–33 BC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Xiao 劉囂
d. 25 BC
Prince Xiao of Chu 楚孝王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
WESTN HAN
RESTORATION
 
EASTN HAN
 
XIN DYNASTY
 
1
 
2
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Xian 劉宪
Marquess of Shi 式侯
 
Liu Xuan 劉玄
d. 25 AD

Gengshi 更始
23–25 AD
 
Liu Xiu 劉秀
5 BC – 57 AD

Guangwu 光武
25–57 AD
 
45 BC–23 AD
Wang Mang 王莽
9–23 AD
 
Liu Ao 劉驁
51–7 BC

Chengdi 成帝
33–7 BC
 
Liu Kang 劉康
d. 23 BC

Gongdi 恭帝
 
 
Liu Xing 劉興
d. 8 BC
Prince Xiao of Zhongshan 中山孝王
 
 
Liu Xun 劉勳
Marquess Yang of Guangqi 广戚炀侯
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Meng 劉萌
Marquess of Shi 式侯
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Zhuang 劉莊
28–75 AD

Mingdi 明帝
57–75 AD
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Xin 劉欣
27–1 BC

Aidi 哀帝
7–1 BC
 
Empress Wang 王皇后
8 BC – 23 AD
 
Liu Kan 劉衎
9 BC – 6 AD

Pingdi 平帝
1 BC – 6 AD
 
 
Liu Xian 劉顯
Marquess of Guangqi 广戚侯
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Penzi 劉盆子
b. 10 AD

25–27 AD
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Da 劉炟
57–88 AD

Zhangdi 章帝
75–88 AD
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Ying 劉嬰
5–25 AD

Ruzi 孺子
6–9 AD
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
3
 
4
 
5
 
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Kang 劉伉
d. 93
Prince Zhen of Qiancheng 千乘贞王
 
Liu Qing 劉慶
78–106

Xiaode 孝德
 
Liu Zhao 劉肇
79–105

Hedi 和帝
88–105
 
Liu Shou 劉壽
d. 120
Prince Hui of Jibei 济北惠王
 
 
 
Liu Kai 劉開
d. 132

Xiaomu 孝穆
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Chong 劉寵
d. 122
Prince Yi of Le'an 乐安夷王
 
Liu Hu 劉祜
94–125

Andi 安帝
106–125
 
Liu Long 劉隆
105–106

Shangdi 殤帝
105–106
 
Liu Yi 劉懿
d. 125

Shaodi 少帝
125
 
Liu Yi 劉翼
Xiaochong 孝崇
 
Liu Shu 劉淑
Xiaoyuan 孝元
 
 
 
 
Liu Xiong 劉雄
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Hong 劉弘
d. 147
Prince Xiao of Bohai 渤海孝王
 
Liu Bao 劉保
115–144

Shundi 順帝
125–144
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Zhi 劉志
132–168

Huandi 桓帝
146–168
 
Liu Chang 劉萇
Xiaoren 孝仁
 
 
 
 
Liu Hong 劉弘
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SHU HAN
Liu Zuan 劉纘
138–146

Zhidi 質帝
145–146
 
Liu Bing 劉炳
143–145

Chongdi 沖帝
144–145
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Hong 劉宏
156–189

Lingdi 靈帝
168–189
 
 
 
 
Liu Bei 劉備
161–223

Zhaoliedi 昭烈帝
221–223
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
2
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Bian 劉辯
176–189

Shaodi 少帝
189
 
Liu Xie 劉協
181–234

Xiandi 獻帝
189–220
 
 
 
 
Liu Shan 劉禪
207–271

Xiaohuaidi 孝懷帝
223–263

Cao Wei[edit]


 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Cao 曹操 155–220
Wudi 武帝
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Pi 曹丕 187–226
Wendi 文帝
220–226
 
 
 
Cao Zhang 曹彰 189–223
Prince Wei of Rencheng 任城威王
 
Cao Yu 曹宇
Prince of Yan 燕王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Rui 曹叡 205–239
Mingdi 明帝
226–239
 
Cao Lin 曹霖 d. 249
Prince Ding of Donghai 東海定王
 
Cao Kai 曹楷
Prince of Jinan 济南王
 
Cao Huan 曹奐 246–303
Yuandi 元帝
260–265
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
last dotted line denotes adoption
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Mao 曹髦 242–260
Gao Gui Xiang Gong 高貴鄉公
254–260
 
Cao Fang 曹芳 231–274
Shaodi 少帝
239–254

Eastern Wu[edit]


 
 
 
 
 
 
182–252
Sun Quan 孫權
229–252
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sun Deng 孫登
209–241
 
Sun He 孫和
223–253
 
235–264
Sun Xiu 孫休
258–264
 
243–260
Sun Liang 孫亮
252–258
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
242–284
Sun Hao 孫皓
264–280

Jin Dynasty and Chu[edit]

The following is a family tree for the Jin Dynasty, which ruled a unified China during the Western Jin Dynasty (265–316 AD). Although greatly weakened by the War of the Eight Princes during the reign of the developmentally disabled Emperor Hui, when members of the clan fought among themselves for imperial control, and forced Eastwards after the conquest of their capital in 316 AD, the dynasty nonetheless continued in the form of the Eastern Jin Dynasty until 420 AD.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Eight Princes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
adoption
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sima Fang 司馬防
149–219
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sima Lang 司馬朗
171–217
 
Sima Fu 司馬孚
180–272
 
 
 
Sima Yi 司馬懿
179–251

Xuandi 宣帝
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sima Kui 司馬馗
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sima Wang 司馬望
205–271
Prince of Langyang
 
Sima Gui 司馬瑰
d. 274
Prince of Taiyuan
 
Sima Zhao 司馬昭
211–265

Wendi 文帝
 
Sima Shi 司馬師
208–255

Jindi 景帝
 
Sima Zhou 司馬伷
227–283
 
Sima Liang 司馬亮
d. 291
Prince of Runan
 
 
Sima Lun 司馬倫
r. 301? d. 301
Prince of Zhao
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
WESTERN JIN DYNASTY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sima Yong 司馬顒
d. 306
Prince of Hejian
 
Sima Yan 司馬炎
236–290

Wudi 武帝
265–290
 
Sima You 司馬攸
248–283
Prince of Qi
 
Sima Jin 司馬覲
256–290
Prince of Langye
 
 
 
Sima Tai 司馬泰
d. 299
Prince of Gaomi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sima Wei 司馬瑋
271–291
Prince of Chu
 
 
Sima Ying 司馬穎
279–306
Prince of Chengdu
 
 
Sima Chi 司馬熾
284–313

Huaidi 懷帝
307–311
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sima Yue 司馬越
d. 311
Prince of Donghai
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EASTERN JIN DYNASTY
 
 
 
 
 
Sima Zhong 司馬衷 259–301
Huidi 惠帝
290–301, 301–307
 
Sima Ai 司馬乂
277–304
Prince of Changsha
 
Sima Yan 司馬晏
283–313
Prince of Wu
 
Sima Jiong 司馬冏
d. 302
Prince of Qi
 
Sima Rui 司馬睿
276–323

Yuandi 元帝
317–323
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sima Yu 司馬遹
278–300
Crown Prince
 
 
 
 
 
Sima Ye 司馬業
300–318

Mindi 愍帝
313–316
 
Sima Shao 司馬紹 299–326
Mingdi 明帝
323–326
 
 
 
 
 
Sima Yu 司馬昱
320–372

Jianwen 簡文
371–372
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CHU DYNASTY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Huan Wen 桓溫
312–373

Xuanwu 宣武
 
Sima Xingnan 司馬興男
 
Sima Yan 司馬衍
321–342

Chengdi 成帝
326–342
 
 
 
Sima Yue 司馬岳
322–344

Kangdi 康帝
342–344
 
Sima Yao 司馬曜
362–396

Xiaowu 孝武
372–396
 
Sima Daozi 司馬道子
364–403
Prince of Kuaji
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Huan Xuan 桓玄
369–404

Wudao 武悼
403–404
 
Sima Pi 司馬丕
341–365

Aidi 哀帝
361–365
 
Sima Yu 司馬奕
342–386

Feidi 廢帝
365–371
 
Sima Dan 司馬聃
343–361

Mudi 穆帝
344–361
 
Sima Dezong 司馬德宗 382–419
Andi 安帝
396–403, 404–419
 
Sima Dewen 司馬德文 386–421
Gongdi 恭帝
419–420

Sixteen Kingdoms[edit]

Cheng Han[edit]

Li Mu
Li Te 李特
(r.303)
Li Liu 李流
248-303; r.303
Li Xiang 李骧
Li Dang 李蕩
(?-303)
Li Xiong 李雄 (274–334)
Wu 武
r. 304-334
Li Shou 李壽 (300-343)
Zhaowen 昭文
r. 338-343
Li Ban 李班 (288-334)
Aidi 哀皇帝 r. 334
Li Qi 李期 (314–d.338)
Yōu 幽 r. 334-338
Li Yue (?-338) Li Shi
r. 343-347; d. 361


Han Zhao[edit]

Han (Former) Zhao
Liu Bao 劉豹 Liu Lu 劉綠
Liu Yuan 劉淵 (d. 310)
Guangwen 光文 (r.304-310)
Liu Yao 劉曜
(d.329; r.318-329)
Liu He 劉和 (d./r. 310) Liu Cong 劉聰 (d. 318)
Zhāowǔdi 昭武皇帝 (r. 310-318)
Liu Yu 劉裕 (d. 310) Liu Yi 刘乂 (d. 317) Liu Yin 劉胤 (d./r.329) Liu Xi 劉熙 (d./r.329)
Liu Can 劉粲 (d.318)
Yin 隱帝 (r.318)
Liu Yuangong 劉元公
(d. 318)


Former Yan, Later Yan, Northern Yan, Southern Yan, Western Yan[edit]

Murong Shegui 慕容涉归 (r. 271-283)
Murong Tuyuhun 慕容吐谷浑 (d.317) Murong Hui 慕容廆,(269-333)
Duke Xiang of Liaodong
(307-333)
Murong Yun 慕容运
Murong Huang 慕容皝 (297-348)
Wenming of (Former) Yan
r. 333-348
Murong Jun 慕容儁 (319-360)
Jingzhao of (Former) Yan
r. 348-360
Murong Ke 慕容恪
Prince Huan of Taiyuan, (?-367)
Murong Chui 慕容垂 (326-396)
Wucheng of (Later) Yan
r. 384-396
Murong Huan 慕容桓 (?-373) Murong Na 慕容纳(?-385) Murong De 慕容德 (336-405)
Xianwu of (Southern) Yan
r. 398-405
Murong Yong
of Western Yan

慕容永(d. 394)
(r. 386-394)
Murong Wei 慕容暐 (350-384)
You of (Former) Yan
r. 360-370
Murong Hong of Western Yan
慕容泓 (d. 384)
Murong Chong 慕容冲 (359-386)
Wei of (Western) Yan
r. 384-386
Murong Ling 慕容令 (d. 370) Murong Bao 慕容宝 (355-398)
Huimin of (Later) Yan
r. 396-398
Murong Lin 慕容麟 (d. 398)
r. 397
Murong Xiang 慕容详 (d.397)
r. 397
Murong Xi 慕容熙 (385-407)
Zhaowen of (Later) Yan
r. 401-407
Murong Yi
Prince of (Western) Yan

慕容顗 (d./r. 386)
Murong Chao
of Southern Yan

慕容超 (385-410)
(r.405-410)
Murong Zhong
(Prince) of
(Western) Yan

慕容忠 (d./r.386)
Murong Yao
(Prince) of
(Western) Yan
慕容瑶 (d./r.386)
Murong Sheng 慕容盛 (373-401)
Zhaowu of (Later) Yan
(r. 398-401)
Gao/Murong Yun
慕容云 (d.409)
Huiyi of (Later)/
(Northern)
Yan
(r. 407-409)
Feng An 馮安
Feng Ba 馮跋 (d.430)
Wencheng of Northern Yan (r.409–430)
Feng Hong 馮弘 (d.438)
Zhaocheng of Northern Yan (r.430–436)


Later Zhao[edit]

Adoption
Shi Xie 石邪 Shi Beixie 石㔨邪
Shi Zhouhezhu
石周曷朱
Shi Koumi 寇覓
Shi Le 石勒 (274-333)
Ming
r. 319-333
Shi Hu 石虎 (295-349)
Wu
(r. 334-349)
Ran Long 冉隆
Shi Hong 石弘
314-335; r.333-334
Shi Zun 石遵
(d./r.349)
Shi Jian 石鉴
d.350; r.349-350
Shi Zhi 石祗
d.351; r.350-351
Shi Shi 石世
339-349; r.349
Ran Zhan 冉瞻 (299?-328)
Ran Min 冉闵 (d.352)
of Ran Wei (冉魏) state
r. 350-352


Former Liang[edit]

Zhang Gui 张轨 (255-314)
Wǔwáng 武王
(r. 301-314)
Zhang Shi 张寔 (d. 320)
Míngwáng 明王 / Zhāowáng 昭王
(r.314-320)
Zhang Mao 張茂 (276-324)
Chenglie 成烈 / Cheng 成
r. (320–)323-324
Zhang Jun 張駿 (307-346)
Wen 文 / Zhongcheng 忠成
r.324-346
Zhang Zuo 张祚 (d.355)
Wei 威 (r. 353-355)
Zhang Chonghua 張重華 (327–353)
Jinglie 敬烈 / Huan 桓 r. 346-353
Zhang Tianxi 張天錫 (346–406)
Dao 悼 (r. 363-376)
Zhang Yaoling 張曜靈 (344-355)
Ai 哀 (r. 353-355)
Zhang Xuanjing 張玄靖 (350–363)
Jingdao 敬悼 / Chong 沖 (r. 355-363)
Zhang Yu 张大豫
d.387; r. 386-387


Later Liang[edit]

Lo Polou 吕婆楼
Lü Guang 呂光 (338-400)
Yiwu 懿武 (r. 386-400)
Lu Bao 吕宝 (d. 392)
Lu Zuan 呂纂 (d. 401)
Ling
r. (397–)399-401
Lü Shao 呂紹 (d. 399)
Yin(r. 399)
Lü Long 吕隆 (d. 416)
r. 401-403(–416)


Northern Liang[edit]

Juqu Mengxun 沮渠蒙逊 368-433
Wuxuan 武宣 r.401-433
Juqu Mujian 沮渠牧犍 before420–d.447
Ai 哀 r. 433-439
Juqu Wuhui 沮渠無諱
d. 444; r. 442-444
Juqu Anzhou 沮渠安周
d. 460; r. 444-460


Western Liang[edit]

Li Gao (李暠) 351-417
Prince Wǔzhāo (武昭王) r.400-417
Li Xin 李歆
d. 420; r. 417-420
Li Xun 李恂
d. 421; r. 420-421

Former Qin[edit]

Fu Huaigui 苻怀归
Fu Hong (苻洪) 285-350
Huiwu
Fu Jian (苻健) 317–355
Jingming 景明 (r.352-355)
Fu Xiong
Fu Sheng (苻生) 335-357
Li 厲 r.355-357
Fu Jian 苻坚 (337–385)
Xuanzhao 宣昭 (r. 357-385)
Fu Pi 苻丕 (d. 386)
Aiping 哀平 (r. 385-386)
Fu Chang
Fu Deng (苻登)(343-394)
Gao 高 (r. 386-394)
Fu Chong (苻崇)
d.394; r.394

Later Qin[edit]

柯回
Yao Yizhong (280-352)
Yao Xiang 姚襄 (331-357) Yao Chang 姚苌 (330-393)
Wuzhao 武昭 (r. 384-(386-)394)
Yao Xing 姚兴 (366-416)
Wenhuan 文桓(r. 394-416)
Yao Hong 姚泓
388-417; r. 416-417

Western Qin[edit]

Qifu Sifan 乞伏司繁 (d. 376)
Qifu Guoren 乞伏国仁 (d. 388)
Xuanlie 宣烈 (r. 385-388)
Qifu Gangui 乞伏乾归 (d. 412)
Wuyuan 武元 (r. 388-400; 409-412)
Qifu Gongfu 乞伏公府 Qifu Achai 乞伏阿柴 Qifu Chipan 乞伏熾磐 (d. 428)
Wenzhao 文昭 (r. 412-428)
Qifu Yuanji 乞伏元基 Qifu Mumo 乞伏暮末 (d. 431; r. 428-431)
Qifu Wanzai 乞伏万载

References[edit]