Chingford

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Coordinates: 51°37′52″N 0°00′58″E / 51.631°N 0.016°E / 51.631; 0.016

Chingford
Chingford Mount (Old Church Road) Chingford - geograph.org.uk - 2638823.jpg
Chingford Mount
Chingford is located in Greater London
Chingford
Chingford
 Chingford shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ395945
    - Charing Cross 10 mi (16 km)  SW
London borough Waltham Forest
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district E4
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Chingford and Woodford Green
London Assembly North East
List of places
UK
England
London

Chingford is a suburban London district, situated 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Charing Cross. Historically a rural Essex parish, it gained Urban district status in 1894, and between 1938 and 1965 formed the core of the Municipal Borough of Chingford, Chingford now forms part of the north-east London Borough of Waltham Forest.[1][2] It borders Essex to the north, Enfield to the north-west, Woodford Green to the east, Walthamstow to the south and Edmonton to the west. To the west are the William Girling and King George V reservoirs, known together as the Chingford reservoirs, and the River Lea. To the north lies Epping Forest, which is in Essex but is maintained by the City of London Corporation.[3]

Toponymy[edit]

The River Ching runs through the area, and the town of Chingford is close to a number of crossings of that river. However, old maps and descriptions give a name for the settlement long before the river has a name and it is likely that the name of the river as "Ching" arose long after the settlement was named. It is also thought that, similarly to how Kingston upon Thames appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Chingestone and Chingetun(e), with ching being old English for king, that Chingford could refer to the King's river, and Kings Ford. This idea is compounded by the Queen Elizabeth Hunting Lodge and links to royalty using the area for hunting in centuries gone by.[4][citation needed] However, the most generally accepted explanation by place name genealogists is that the settlement's name has its origin as "Shingly Ford"—that is, a ford over a waterway containing shingles.[5]

Landmarks[edit]

Queen Elizabeth's Hunting Lodge

One notable local landmark is Queen Elizabeth's Hunting Lodge.[6] Originally called the Great Standing, it was built for King Henry VIII in 1543, and was used as a grandstand to watch the hunting of deer, although it has been heavily altered over time. The building is located on Chingford Plain within Epping Forest and is open to the public.

Originally a barn built in the mid-19th century the Grade II listed building Butlers Retreat is one of the few remaining Victorian retreats within the forest. The building is adjacent to the Queen Elizabeth's Hunting Lodge and takes its name from the 1891 occupier John Butler. Retreats originally served non-alcoholic refreshments as part of the Temperance movement. After closing in 2009 the building was refurbished by the City of London Corporation and re-opened as a cafe in 2012.[7]

All Saints Church, Old Church Road, E4

All Saints' Church in Chingford Mount (known locally as the Old Church) dates back to the 12th century. Directly opposite the church is Chingford Mount Cemetery, best known today as the burial place of the Kray family.[8]

Friday Hill House

Friday Hill House, Simmons Lane, off Friday Hill, dating from 1839, was a manor house built and owned by Robert Boothby Heathcote, who was both the lord of the manor and rector of the local church. It was he who paid for the building of the church of St Peter and St Paul in Chingford. He is buried in the Boothby family vault in All Saints' Churchyard (Chingford Old Church), Old Church Road. The vault was purchased by Robert Boothby (died 1733), who lived in the previous manor house. The present building has been used as a further education centre, but was put up for sale in 2012.[9][10]

Pimp Hall Dovecote is situated in a green area at the bottom of Friday Hill and can be viewed by entering the Pimps Hill Nature Reserve. The dovecote, which had nesting space for 250 birds, belonged to Pimp Hall (originally Pympe's Hall), one of three manor houses around Chingford. In 1838 the estate was taken over and became part of the Chingford Earls estate. The farmhouse associated with it survived until just before World War II. This dovecote is depicted in the Millenium Heritage Mosaic on the front of Chingford Assembly Hall. It is the fourth item down on the left-hand-side of the mosaic, also see the Key. There is a local legend telling how on one occasion Charles II was out hunting in Epping Forest and was caught in a snowstorm. He took shelter in Pimp Hall and was so delighted with the food offered him that he jocularly drew his sword and knighted the joint of beef declaring that it was now Sir Loin. Either this story caused the nearby pub on Friday Hill to be called "The Sirloin" or vice versa.[citation needed]

Pole Hill Obelisk

A granite obelisk at Pole Hill was erected in 1824 under the direction of the Astronomer Royal, the Rev. John Pond M.A., to mark true north for the telescopes of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, south of the Thames. It was placed on high ground along the line of the Greenwich Meridian, but when this was recalibrated later in the 19th century, the obelisk was deemed to have been erected 19 feet (5.8 m) west of the revised meridian line. Today, an adjoining triangulation pillar marks the modern line.[citation needed]

Chingford Old Town Hall building, The Ridgeway
Chingford Old Town Hall building, The Ridgeway

Chingford Old Town Hall, dating from 1929, is on The Ridgeway in Chingford. It has more recently been known as the Chingford Municipal Offices. The site has been sold to property developers and the town hall building subsequently put up for sale itself.[11] [12]

Governance[edit]

Chingford is within the Chingford and Woodford Green UK Parliament constituency, which consists of the six Chingford wards in the Borough of Waltham Forest and two wards in the Borough of Redbridge. Iain Duncan Smith has been the sitting MP since 1992.[13]

Former MPs include Norman Tebbit, Leah Manning, Stan Newens, and Winston Churchill (when Chingford was in the Epping constituency).[citation needed]

Chingford is part of the London Borough of Waltham Forest, which also includes the east London districts of Walthamstow, Leyton, and Leytonstone. Chingford consists of six council wards, namely:

  • Chingford Green
  • Endlebury
  • Valley
  • Larkswood
  • Hatch Lane
  • Hale End and Highams Park

Each ward is represented by three councillors; at present all of the councillors in Chingford represent the Conservative Party. The London Borough of Waltham Forest is presently controlled by the Labour party.[citation needed]

Chingford falls within the North East constituency of the London Assembly, which is currently represented by Jennette Arnold of the Labour party.[citation needed]

When Chingford was a municipal borough, before 1965, its politics were dominated by the Chingford Ratepayers' Association, which was nominally independent, but against whom the Conservative Party did not field candidates.[citation needed]

Local sport teams[edit]

  • Chingford's oldest football club is, Egbertian FC, [14] formerly Old Egbertian FC, which was started by former pupils of St Egbert's College, Chingford. The club was formed in 1928 and is affiliated to the Amateur Football Alliance (AFA). The club plays in the Amateur Football Combination, which is purported to be the biggest league in the world comprising 103 clubs and some 355 teams. In season 2006–7 the club won its first cup competition in its history when it won the LOB Intermediate Cup.[citation needed]


  • Chingford Athletic Football Club was formed as recently as the summer of 2007 and has two teams playing in the Essex Olympian League, plus another playing in the feeder league to this, the Ilford & District League. The club currently has three Saturday men's teams, with the Essex Olympian sides playing at Wadham Lodge Sports Ground, Walthamstow.[15]


  • Chingford Rugby Club was also founded in 1928, and its ground is at Waltham Way, Chingford.[16]


  • Chingford Cricket Club is located on Forest Side, but the entrance to the ground is on Kimberley Way. It is believed to have been founded in 1884, as this is currently the earliest record of a Chingford cricket team playing in a match.[17] The club plays in The Shepherd Neame Essex League [18] and the 1st team were promoted to the Premier League for the 2013 season.
King Georges Reservoir home to the Sailing Club
  • King George Sailing Club was founded in the 1970s to provide dinghy sailing and windsurfing on the largest and best sailing water in the north and east of London. The club enjoys facilities both on and off the water and has an active membership engaged in racing, learning to sail, casual sailing, and windsurfing. In recognition of its good facilities and encouragement of youth sailing, the Royal Yachting Association has awarded the club Volvo Champion Club status.[19]

Local districts[edit]

Nearest places[edit]

Transport[edit]

Chingford is served by a railway station which is the terminus of a branch line from Liverpool Street station in the City of London. There is also a station at Highams Park.

The town is served by many bus routes, linking it to Walthamstow, Loughton, Leyton, Woodford, Waltham Abbey and Harlow. The town is also served by the N26 night bus from Trafalgar Square. The North Circular Road skirts the southern part of the town, and gives motorists good access to the north and east of London. The London LOOP walk passes through Chingford on its way from Enfield Lock to Chigwell, passing close to Sewardstone and Gilwell Park on the edge of Epping Forest.

List of Chingford bus routes[edit]

Most bus routes are London Buses routes, apart from route 505 which does not accept any form of London ticketing (i.e. Oyster cards or travelcards).[citation needed]


Route Number Route Operation Operator
97 Chingford Station National Rail to Stratford City via Chingford Mount, Walthamstow Daily Stagecoach London
158 Chingford Mount to Stratford Bus Station National Rail London Underground via Blackhorse Road National Rail London Underground Daily Stagecoach London
179 Chingford Station National Rail to Ilford Hainault Street via South Woodford, Gants Hill Daily Stagecoach London
212 Chingford Station National Rail to Walthamstow Central National Rail London Underground via Highams Park National Rail Daily CT Plus
215 Yardley Lane Estate to Walthamstow Central National Rail London Underground via Chingford Mount (Extended from Yardley Lane Estate to Lee Valley Campsite during the Summer) Daily Stagecoach London
275 St. James Street Station National Rail to Barkingside, Tesco via Highams Park Daily Stagecoach London
313 Chingford Station National Rail to Potters Bar Station National Rail via Enfield Town Daily Arriva London
357 Chingford Hatch to Whipps Cross Roundabout via Chingford Mount, Walthamstow (Extended to Whipps Cross Hospital on Sundays) Daily Go-Ahead London
379 Chingford Station National Rail to Yardley Lane Estate via Kings Head Hill Daily Arriva London
385 Chingford Station National Rail to Crooked Billet Sainsburys via Valley Side Mon-Sat shopping hours. CT Plus
397 Crooked Billet Sainsburys to Debden Broadway London Underground via Chingford Mount, Buckhurst Hill, Loughton Daily (except evenings) Arriva London
444 Chingford Station National Rail to Turnpike Lane Station London Underground via Edmonton London Underground Daily Arriva London
505 Chingford Station National Rail to Harlow Bus Station via Sewardstone, Waltham Abbey Mon-Sat (except evenings). Times Arriva Shires & Essex
W11 Chingford Hall Estate to Walthamstow Central National Rail London Underground via Billet Road Daily Arriva London
W16 Leytonstone Station London Underground to Chingford Mount via Highams Park station National Rail Daily Go-Ahead London
N26 Chingford Station National Rail to Trafalgar Square London Underground via Walthamstow, Hackney Nightly Tower Transit

Also see List of bus routes in London and List of bus routes in Essex.

Nearby railway stations[edit]

Nearby tube stations[edit]

The London Underground stations nearest to Chingford include:

Education[edit]

Chingford Primary schools include:

Chingford secondary schools include:

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of Chingford, in Waltham Forest and Essex". University Of Portsmouth and others. 2009. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  2. ^ "The parish and borough of Chingford". University of London & History of Parliament Trust. 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  3. ^ "Epping Forest". cityoflondon.gov.uk. 10 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  4. ^ http://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/things-to-do/green-spaces/epping-forest/visitor-information/Pages/queen-elizabeths-hunting-lodge.aspx
  5. ^ "Chingford's Free Art and History". exploringeastlondon.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  6. ^ "Queen Elizabeth's Hunting Lodge". Cityoflondon.gov.uk. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 2011-12-14. 
  7. ^ City of London- Butler's Retreat Retrieved 25 February 2013
  8. ^ a b "Kray funeral date set". BBC News. 3 October 2000. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  9. ^ Waltham Forest Council, Friday Hill House Disposal at WebCite (archived 2012-07-30)
  10. ^ Waltham Forest Council, Friday Hill House Sale Particulars at WebCite (archived 2012-07-30)
  11. ^ Waltham Forest Council, Chingford Municipal Offices disposal at WebCite (archived 2011-10-24)
  12. ^ Gilmartin Ley, The Old Town Hall, Chingford, London, E4 at WebCite (archived 2012-07-31)
  13. ^ http://www.parliament.uk/biographies/commons/mr-iain-duncan-smith/152
  14. ^ Egbertian FC Retrieved 27 February 2013
  15. ^ Retrieved from http://www.chingfordathletic.co.uk www.chingfordathletic.co.uk.
  16. ^ "Home | Chingford Rugby Club". Chingfordrugby.co.uk. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-14. 
  17. ^ Chingford Cricket Club History
  18. ^ Essex Cricket League
  19. ^ King George Sailing Club Retrieved 27 February 2013
  20. ^ "Beckham's pride at OBE". BBC Sport. 13 June 2003. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  21. ^ Culpepper, Chuck (9 July 2007). "Beckham - Working-class boy to Man U". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  22. ^ "American Idols". W magazine. 1 August 2007. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  23. ^ Beckham at Ridgeway Rovers Retrieved 27 February 2013
  24. ^ The FA - Becks' Brimsdown boost, article from Friday, 24 September 2004, accessed 7 July 2007
  25. ^ Macadam, Harry (11 January 2007). "Chingford boy is Mr Ive-pod". Sun. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  26. ^ "E4 (Waltham Forest) area guide". Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  27. ^ MacKenzie, James (9 April 2005). Kenzie: My Life. HarperCollins Entertainment. ISBN 0-00-721149-X. 
  28. ^ Moyes, Johnathon (27 June 2007). "Ex-pupil Phillips opens old school". Waltham Forest Guardian. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  29. ^ Pearce, Garth (11 July 2008). "On the move: Alan Davies". London: The Sunday Times. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  30. ^ "Russel Lissacks' Facebook page". Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  31. ^ "Russell Lissack - Made Of Facts". Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  32. ^ "List of MPs". 
  33. ^ "England Football Online". 
  34. ^ "Metal-archives.com". Metal-archives.com. Retrieved 2011-12-14. 
  35. ^ Pwyll Ap Siôn, The Music of Michael Nyman: Texts, Contexts and Intertexts, Ashgate Publishing Ltd 1988 (p.15)

External links[edit]