Chinggis Khaan International Airport

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Chinggis Khaan International Airport
Чингис хаан олон улсын нисэх буудал
ᠴᠢᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ  ᠦᠨ ᠨᠢᠰᠬᠦ ᠪᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠯ
ULNAirportLogo.jpg
Ulan Bator 01.JPG
IATA: ULNICAO: ZMUB
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Mongolia
Operator Civil Aviation Authority of Mongolia
Location Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 1,300 m / 4,364 ft
Coordinates 47°50′35″N 106°45′59″E / 47.84306°N 106.76639°E / 47.84306; 106.76639Coordinates: 47°50′35″N 106°45′59″E / 47.84306°N 106.76639°E / 47.84306; 106.76639
Website airport.mn
Map
ULN is located in Mongolia
ULN
ULN
Location within Mongolia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 3,100 10,170 Asphalt
15/33 2,000 6,560 Grass
Statistics (2013 ULN)
Aircraft movements 16,468
Passengers 1,106,704
Tonnes of cargo 5,825
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]

Chinggis Khaan International Airport (Mongolian: Чингис хаан олон улсын нисэх буудал, Chingis khaan olon ulsyn nisekh buudal) (IATA: ULNICAO: ZMUB) is the international airport serving Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, situated 18 km (11 mi) southwest of the capital.[2] It is the largest international air facility in the country.

History[edit]

Development[edit]

The airport was first established as Buyant-Ukhaa airport (Mongolian: Буянт-Ухаа нисэх онгоцны төв буудал) on 19 February 1957. In 1958, international flights began with flights to Irkutsk and Beijing using Ilyushin Il-14 aircraft. Regular flights from the airport started in 1961.

The terminal was upgraded to make it suitable for international traffic in 1986.

Between 1994 and 1997 a further major upgrade of construction and air navigation was achieved with the assistance of the Asian Development Bank,[3] making the airport compliant with ICAO standards. The US$50million Construction project was carried out by the successful bidder: a German / British joint venture of Philipp Holzmann and Wimpey Asphalt.

The airport was named after Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) to celebrate the 800th anniversary of the establishment of a Mongolian State on 21 December 2005.

Future[edit]

The airport is due for replacement in 2017 by the new Khöshigt Valley Airport due to be constructed at the Khoshigt Valley 52 kilometres (32 mi) from Ulaanbaatar city centre.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aero Mongolia Altai, Bayankhongor, Choibalsan, Dalanzadgad, Hohhot, Irkutsk, Khovd, Ölgii, Ovoot, Oyu Tolgoi, Ulaangom, Uliastai-Donoi
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Air China Beijing-Capital
Hunnu Air Altai, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Bayankhongor, Choibalsan, Dalanzadgad, Hailar, Hong Kong, Khovd, Manzhouli, Mörön, Ovoot, Oyu Tolgoi, Shanghai-Pudong, Tavan Tolgoi
Charter: Jeju
Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Beijing-Capital, Berlin-Tegel, Erenhot, Hong Kong, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore,[4] Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal: Frankfurt,[5] Osaka-Kansai
Charter: Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dubai, Hanoi, Pyongyang,[6] Sanya, Tokyo-Haneda[7]
Turkish Airlines Bishkek, Istanbul-Atatürk

Statistics[edit]

Two MIAT Mongolian Airlines Boeing 737-800s at Chinggis Khaan International Airport
Aerial view of Chinggis Khaan International Airport
Traffic by calendar year
Passengers Change from previous year Movements Cargo
(tons)
2007 599,555 Increase0+9.6% 9,297 3,299
2008 596,765 Decrease0-0.5% 9,552 3,500
2009 532,861 Decrease0-10.7% 8,330 2,970
2010 665,055 Increase0+24.8% 11,678 3,922
2011 885,885 Increase0+33.2% 14,940 5,452
2012 1,098,865 Increase0+24.0% 17,465 5,709
2013 1,106,704 Increase0+0.7% 16,468 5,825
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]


Other facilities[edit]

The airline Aero Mongolia has its head office on the third floor of the main airport building.[8] The Air Accident Investigation Bureau Mongolia has its head office on the airport property.[9] There is also one cargo hangar at Chinggis Khaan International Airport.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Монголын иргэний нисэхийн статистикийн эмхтгэл 2013". Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia. 
  2. ^ Purevsambuu, G.; Montsame News Agency (2006). Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: Montsame News Agency. p. 67. ISBN 99929-0-627-8. p
  3. ^ "Ulaanbaatar Airport and National Air Navigation Development Projects (Loans 1256/1370-MON[SF])". 
  4. ^ "MIAT Mongolian Airlines to Start Singapore Service from late-Sept 2014". 7 August 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "MIAT Mongolian Airlines S14 Europe Operation Changes as of 27FEB14". Airline Route. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "MIAT Mongolian Airlines Launches North Korea Service in October 2013". Airline Route. 20 October 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "MIAT Mongolian Airlines Adds Tokyo Haneda Service from August 2014". Airline Route. 28 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  8. ^ "Ulanbator." Aero Mongolia. Retrieved on 21 September 2011. "Head office 3rd floor, Chinggis Khaan International Airport, Ulaanbaatar" – Address in Mongolian: "Чингис хаан олон улсын нисэх буудал, Улаанбаатар 34, ш/х-105"
  9. ^ "Address of Accident Investigation Authorities as of March 2010." Air Accident Investigation Bureau. Retrieved on 11 May 2011. "Mongolia Air Accident Investigation Bureau Mongolia Ministry of Road, Transportation, Construction and Urban Development of Mongolia Chinggis Khaan International Airport Ulaanbaatar 34 Mongolia"

External links[edit]

Media related to Chinggis Khan International Airport at Wikimedia Commons