Chipata

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Chipata
Chipata View.jpg
Chipata is located in Zambia
Chipata
Chipata
Location in Zambia
Coordinates: 13°39′S 32°38′E / 13.650°S 32.633°E / -13.650; 32.633
Country Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia
Province Eastern Province
District Chipata District
Elevation 3,740 ft (1,140 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 98,416

Chipata, population 98,416, is the capital of the Eastern Province of Zambia. Having a boma, a market, a hospital, a shopping centre and a number of schools, Chipata is the business and administrative hub that serves the region. The town boasts a golf course, an airstrip, a mosque, and even a "welcome arch".

The town is the regional head of the Ngoni of Zambia. As such, Ngoni is the primary language, although Nyanja and English are widely spoken, plus some Indian languages, as a large number of Zambian Indians live in the town. Chipata is located near the border with Malawi, and lies on the Great East Road which connects the capitals Lilongwe (130 km) and Lusaka (550 km). The town is a popular access point for the South Luangwa National Park.

Etymology[edit]

Chipata comes from the Ngoni word "Chimpata" meaning "large space," in reference to the town situated in a shallow valley between hills. The central neighborhood of Kapata, the original center of town, comes from the Ngoni phrase meaning "small space."

Chipata was formerly known as Fort Jameson (and informally as "Fort Jimmy"), being named after Leander Starr Jameson, a 19th-century politician and adventurer. Even during the colonial period, few agreed that Jameson, who is mainly known for his part in the unwise Jameson Raid, fully deserved the honor of having any town named after him. Like 'Fort Manning' and 'Fort Rosebery', Fort Jameson was called a "fort" because the local government offices, the "boma", were once fortified.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chipata
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(80)
27
(80)
24
(76)
25
(77)
26
(79)
30
(86)
33
(91)
33
(91)
29
(84)
27.9
(82.3)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(64)
17
(63)
17
(63)
16
(60)
14
(57)
12
(53)
12
(53)
13
(55)
17
(62)
19
(66)
19
(67)
18
(64)
16
(60.6)
Precipitation cm (inches) 23
(9)
24.1
(9.5)
17.5
(6.9)
3.3
(1.3)
0.3
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.1)
0.3
(0.1)
1.5
(0.6)
8.6
(3.4)
21.3
(8.4)
100.2
(39.4)
Source: Weatherbase [1]

Transport[edit]

Saturday Market in Chipata

A rail link to Chipata from Malawi (via Mchinji ) opened in August 2011.[2] Chipata will now act as the Zambian railhead and entry point from Malawi and beyond. In the pipeline since 1982, the short link (about 35 km) provides a through-route for rail traffic from Zambia via Malawi to the Indian Ocean deepwater port at Nacala in Mozambique.[3] The route and alignment of the line has been laid out, including the site of Chipata station and the basic station building.[4] The route will provide an alternative to two existing rail routes to the Indian Ocean, at Dar es Salaam and Beira.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Chipata, Zambia". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  2. ^ http://www.afrol.com/articles/36610
  3. ^ "New rail link to boost Southern African trade." Mail & Guardian.
  4. ^ Google Earth has high resolution photos of the station at lat. -13.671, long. 32.642.
  5. ^ http://www.rra.co.za/media.cgi?id=7186&action=easyprint

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°39′00″S 32°38′00″E / 13.65000°S 32.63333°E / -13.65000; 32.63333