Chippendale, New South Wales

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Chippendale
SydneyNew South Wales
Chippendale University of Notre Dame.JPG
St Benedicts Church and University of Notre Dame
Population 4,057 (2011)[1]
 • Density 5,808.6/km2 (15,044/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 2008
Area 0.7 km2 (0.3 sq mi)
Location 2 km (1 mi) south of CBD
LGA(s) City of Sydney
State electorate(s) Sydney
Federal Division(s) Sydney
Suburbs around Chippendale:
Glebe Ultimo Haymarket
Camperdown Chippendale Surry Hills
Darlington Darlington Redfern
John Storey Memorial Dispensary (1926)

Chippendale is a small inner-city suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on the southern edge of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Sydney. Chippendale is located between Broadway to the north and Cleveland Street to the south, Sydney Central railway station to the east and the University of Sydney to the west.

History[edit]

The area was first occupied by the Gadigal people of the Dharug Nation. William Chippendale was granted a 95-acre (38 ha) estate in 1819. It stretched to the present day site of Redfern railway station. Chippendale sold the estate to Solomon Levey, emancipist and merchant, in 1821, for 380 pounds. Solomon Levey died while in London, in 1833. Levey's heirs sold over 62 acres (25 ha) to William Hutchinson.[2][3]

Commercial area[edit]

The eastern side of Chippendale, being adjacent to the CBD, includes a greater mix of uses than other parts of the suburb. It includes commercial uses such as offices and warehouses, with higher buildings facing Regent Street and Broadway. There are also scattered shops, a homeless women's shelter, cafes and pubs. The small suburb depends on Broadway for shopping and services. The historic Regent Street railway station or 'Mortuary Station' is located on the eastern side of the suburb.

The John Storey Memorial Dispensary was built in 1926 as a memorial to John Storey, a former Premier of New South Wales. It is located in Little Regent Street and still functions as a pathology and methadone clinic.

Central Park[edit]

Central Park apartments

Chippendale is notable for being the location of the 168-year-old Carlton & United brewery, which closed in December 2006. Frasers Property Australia purchased the brewery site from the Foster’s Group on 29 June 2007. In July 2008, Frasers Property lodged a modified concept plan with the NSW Department of Planning proposing a mixed-use development called Central Park for the 5.8 Hectare site. The development proposal includes approximately 250,000 m2 of commercial and residential space, retention of a number of heritage buildings and the development of a large new park for Chippendale.[4]

Central Park is also the name of an existing building on Chalmers Street, Surry Hills, overlooking Alfred Park and Central Station.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Transport New South Wales has its headquarters in Chippendale.[5]

Schools[edit]

The University of Notre Dame Australia sits along the northern border. The University of Technology, Sydney and the University of Sydney have campuses nearby. The Sydney campus of Curtin University is located at the eastern edge of Chippendale on Regent Street. The Boston University Sydney Campus is also located on Regent Street in Chippendale.

Population[edit]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, there were 4,057 residents in Chippendale. 38.3% of people were born in Australia. The most common other countries of birth were China 10.6%, England 3.8%, New Zealand 3.3%, Indonesia 2.6% and India 2.5%. In Chippendale 50.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 10.5%, Cantonese 3.0%, Indonesian 2.2%, Thai 2.2% and Vietnamese 2.1%.[1] Chippendale has a higher than average crime rate, compared with the rest of NSW.[6]

Notable Residents[edit]

  • William Chippendale, Sydney land owner and farmer whose surname the suburb's name is derived from.
  • David Malouf, writer[7]
  • Michael Mobbs, author of Sustainable House[8]

Houses[edit]

The western side of Chippendale is mainly residential. Chippendale has the lowest open space per person of any Sydney suburb, according to the Chippendale Residents Interest Group.[9]

Urban heat island problem[edit]

Chippendale is currently a suburb under study, examining the problems of the urban heat island effect. The bitumen-surfaced roads surrounding infrastructures, are reportedly driving temperatures 6-8 degrees Celsius higher than normal. The road network, which constitute over 23 percent of the suburb's land area, measured over 34 degrees Celsius on average.[10]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Chippendale (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  2. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1996, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-19007-0
  3. ^ Libraries Australia. Part of Chippendale's grant. http://nla.gov.au/anbd.bib-an000040747752
  4. ^ http://www.frasersbroadway.com.au/broadway/
  5. ^ "Copyright and Disclaimer." Transport New South Wales. Retrieved 27 April 2014. "Transport NSW 18 Lee Street Chippendale NSW 2008"
  6. ^ "Crime rates for Chippendale (2008) in NSW". Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Malouf, David 1934-". Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "About Michael". Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  9. ^ Davies, Trevor (May 2008). "Balfour Park at last". The South Sydney Herald 1 (66) (Sydney). p. 5. Retrieved 27 April 2014. "Sunday March 30 is an auspicious date for Chippendale. It marks the formal closure of a part of Balfour Street (between Kensington and O'Connor Streets) to make our latest small park. Chippendale has the lowest open space per person of all Sydney suburbs. So, every additional green space we can gain is valuable." 
  10. ^ "The Urban Heat Island". Retrieved 26 August 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Shirley Fitzgerald. CHIPPENDALE - Beneath The Factory Wall. Published by Halstead Press, Australia. 2008. (ISBN 9781920831486).

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°53′11″S 151°12′00″E / 33.8863°S 151.1999°E / -33.8863; 151.1999