Chipperfield

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Chipperfield
Chipperfield, War Memorial and The Two Brewers - geograph.org.uk - 122311.jpg
Chipperfield Common, The Two Brewers public house, war memorial and crossroads.
Chipperfield is located in Hertfordshire
Chipperfield
Chipperfield
 Chipperfield shown within Hertfordshire
Population 1,686 
OS grid reference TL043016
District Dacorum
Shire county Hertfordshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town KINGS LANGLEY
Postcode district WD4
Dialling code 01923
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South West Hertfordshire
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire

Coordinates: 51°42′14″N 0°29′26″W / 51.7039°N 0.4906°W / 51.7039; -0.4906

Chipperfield is a village and civil parish in the Dacorum district of Hertfordshire, England, about 5 miles southwest of Hemel Hempstead and 5 miles north of Watford. The rural parish includes the hamlet of Tower Hill.

The village centre is a large green on the edge of nearby Chipperfield common.

It stands on a chalk plateau at the edge of the Chiltern Hills, some 130 to 160 metres above sea level.

The parish has been included within the Metropolitan Green Belt.

History[edit]

Prehistoric activity in the area is testified by the presence of two tumuli on the common. Besides being burial mounds these may have designated the boundary of lands worked by Bronze Age communities in the Gade and Ches valleys.[1]

For centuries Chipperfield was an outlying settlement of Kings Langley consisting only of scattered houses. The first documentary evidence of the name is found in 1316, when Edward II bequeathed ‘the Manor House of Langley the closes adjoining together with the vesture of Chepervillewode for Fewel and other Necessaries’ to the Dominican Black Friars.[2]

The name is probably derived from the Anglo-Saxon ceapere meaning a trader together with feld meaning field. This suggests that there was some form of market or trading of goods here in early times.[2]

The Manor House, on the east side of the common, is a late medieval hall house but was extensively rebuilt by Thomas Gulston, before 1591. It is a grade II listed building.[3]

By the 1830s Chipperfield was large enough to warrant the building of both Anglican and Baptist churches and became a separate ecclesiastical parish in 1848.

For a number of years the Lords of the Manor were the Blackwell family who were benefactors to the village. Two of the family's sons were killed during World War One. Second Lieutenant Charles Blackwell (4th battalion, Royal Fusiliers) was wounded at the Second Battle of Ypres and died in France in July 1915. Lieutenant William Gordon Blackwell (8th battalion, Royal Fusiliers), the younger of the two brothers, was killed in action during the Battle of the Somme on 5 October 1916. As a memorial the Blackwell family gave the village the village club, which remained a club until quite recently. It's now been renamed Blackwells and it's both a bar and cafe open to the public next to the common.

There are names of 38 local men who died in World War One inscribed on the War Memorial on the village green and repeated on a memorial plaque inside the church. An additional name appears on a war grave in the churchyard. There are also the names of 10 men who died in World War Two.[4]

In 1936 Chipperfield Common was gifted in to the local authority to be maintained in consultation with the people of Chipperfield.[5]

Since the end of World War II the village has dramatically expanded with housing estates built during the 1940s and an extensive council estate to the east of Croft Lane built in the 1960s.

In 1963 Chipperfield was split off from Kings Langley and Chipperfield Parish Council created.[2]

In 1959 the actor and comedian Peter Sellers purchased the Manor House, a grade II listed building, on the east side of the common. He lived there until 1962 attracting many famous stars and film moguls to visit him in the village.[6]

The former U.S. President Jimmy Carter can trace his family roots to John Carter of Jeffery's Farm, situated to the south east of the village.[7]

Description[edit]

Perhaps the most significant feature of the village is its common comprising 47.5 ha (117 acres) of secondary growth woodland to the south of the village and fronting its green and two of its public houses. The common is criss-crossed by way marked paths and contains eight veteran Spanish sweet chestnut trees (Castanea sativa), one having a girth of about 21 feet. They are estimated to date back to the 1600s and believed to be descended from specimens bought from Spain in the Middle Ages.[8] Tradition has it they were planted "for the delight of Isabel of Castile". Isabel of Castile (1355 – 1392) was the first Duchess of York, the wife of Edmund Langley who lived in the nearby Royal Palace of Kings Langley.[9] The common has several ponds notably the Apostles Pond, which has twelve willow trees surrounding it and was once a monastery fishpond.[9]

The village cricket club has a green and pavilion on the northern edge of the common near the Two Brewers Inn.

Chipperfield: The Windmill Public House. Located by the common.

The Two Brewers pub stands adjacent to the common at a cross roads and is a popular summer meeting place to drink out of doors. It was founded by Robert Waller as an ale house in 1799, originally the middle one of a row of three cottages. It eventually took over its neighbours to make a long frontage on the green. A modern hotel extension has been built to the rear. The pub acquired fame as the training quarters for many notable 19th century prize-fighters such as Jem Mace, Thomas Sayers and Bob Fitzsimmons who sparred in the Club Room and took their runs round the nearby Chipperfield Common.[10][11]

In addition to the Two Brewers, there are four other pubs, Blackwells Cafe & Bar, The Boot, The Royal Oak and The Windmill.

Other facilities in the village include a newsagent's, a post office, Kia and Land Rover dealerships, an award-winning Delicatessen, and two garden centres.

Chipperfield has three churches - Church of England, Catholic and Baptist. It also has a primary school, St Pauls C of E, with strong ties to the church, which is located adjacent to the school.

Next to the school is a village club called Blackwell's, and tennis courts owned by CTC.

Every year, a pantomime is held in the Village Hall, which is organised by the Chipperfield Theatre Group.

Chipperfield has a football team 'Chipperfield Corinthians'.

In order to preserve its rural feeling the village has very little street lighting.[12]

Nearby places[edit]

Chipperfield Common in winter.

Nearby places are Sarratt, Belsize, Kings Langley and Bovingdon.

External links[edit]

This link contains a vast amount of information about the village and photos of the notable landmarks and views.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Explanatory sign beside tumuli on Chipperfield common.
  2. ^ a b c Village History At Chipperfield Village websire. accessed December 2013
  3. ^ The Manor House, Chipperfield British Listed Buildings , Listing NGR: TL0477201403, Accessed January 2014
  4. ^ Chipperfield Memorials Roll of Honour, 11 January 2004
  5. ^ The Village Official website
  6. ^ Peter Sellers at Chipperfield Manor , Amanda Hodges, Hertfordshire Life , Wednesday, March 2, 2011
  7. ^ Hertfordshire Genealogy: Book 0189: The Carters of Kings Langley Paper-Making
  8. ^ Chipperfield Common At the Chipperfield Village website. Accessed December 2013
  9. ^ a b Chipperfield Dacorum Local Government, Towns and villages website. Accessed January 2014
  10. ^ The Two Brewers pub Chipperfield History page Accessed October 2007
  11. ^ Lucas, John (1990). "22". Hertfordshire Curiosities. Wimborne, Dorset: Dovecote Press. ISBN 0-946159-75-0. "A public house with punch." 
  12. ^ Street Lighting In Chipperfield Village website, 2nd March 1997