Chippewa County, Minnesota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chippewa County, Minnesota
Map of Minnesota highlighting Chippewa County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded February 20, 1862 (created)
1868 (organized)[1]
Named for Chippewa Indians
Seat Montevideo
Largest city Montevideo
Area
 • Total 588 sq mi (1,523 km2)
 • Land 581 sq mi (1,505 km2)
 • Water 6.7 sq mi (17 km2), 1.1%
Population
 • (2010) 12,441
 • Density 21/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.chippewa.mn.us

Chippewa County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,441.[2] Its county seat is Montevideo.[3] The county was formed in 1862 and organized in 1868.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 588 square miles (1,520 km2), of which 581 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) (1.1%) is water.[4]

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information[5]

Lakes[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Montevideo, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0.9
 
22
2
 
 
1
 
27
7
 
 
1.8
 
39
19
 
 
2.5
 
56
33
 
 
3
 
69
46
 
 
4.2
 
78
56
 
 
3.7
 
83
61
 
 
3.4
 
81
58
 
 
3.3
 
72
48
 
 
2.3
 
59
35
 
 
1.7
 
41
21
 
 
0.9
 
25
7
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Montevideo have ranged from a low of 2 °F (−17 °C) in January to a high of 83 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −37 °F (−38 °C) was recorded in January 1970 and a record high of 110 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.86 inches (22 mm) in December to 4.24 inches (108 mm) in June.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,467
1880 5,408 268.6%
1890 8,555 58.2%
1900 12,499 46.1%
1910 13,458 7.7%
1920 15,720 16.8%
1930 15,762 0.3%
1940 16,927 7.4%
1950 16,739 −1.1%
1960 16,320 −2.5%
1970 15,109 −7.4%
1980 14,941 −1.1%
1990 13,228 −11.5%
2000 13,088 −1.1%
2010 12,441 −4.9%
Est. 2013 12,093 −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the census of 2000,[11] there were 13,088 people, 5,361 households, and 3,597 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 5,855 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.78% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.94% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.8% were of Norwegian and 36.8% German ancestry.

There were 5,361 households, out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 20.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,582, and the median income for a family was $45,160. Males had a median income of $30,556 versus $20,384 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,039. About 4.80% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.80% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  5. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 65 - 67. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Montevideo, Minnesota". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°02′N 95°34′W / 45.03°N 95.56°W / 45.03; -95.56