Celtic Cross near entrance, designed by Alexander Stirling Calder
|Location||2901 Twelfth St., Rock Island, Illinois|
|Area||77 acres (31 ha)|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival, Late Gothic Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||94000437|
|Added to NRHP||May 06, 1994|
Rock Island was in need of a permanent cemetery in 1854. The town's population was 5,000 and the dead were being buried somewhat haphazardly in Bailey Davenport’s pasture, which is now Longview Park. The first board of directors of the Chippiannock Cemetery Association included Holmes Hakes, S.S. Guyer, William L. Lee, Bailey Davenport and Henry A. Porter. In 1855 Chippiannock's founders purchased 62 acres (25 ha) on Manitou Ridge and secured the services of noted landscape architect Almerin Hotchkiss to design a cemetery patterned in the rural cemetery style of Mt. Auburn in Massachusetts (America's first garden-style cemetery). Almerin Hotchkiss also designed Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn and Bellefontaine Cemetery in St. Louis.
The property consists of a western slope and the crest of Manitou Ridge. The site also features gently rolling wooded hills that climb to a broad plateau. It is located near the midpoint between the Mississippi and Rock Rivers. Hotchkiss designed a system of curvilinear driveways winding around the various burial sections.
The landscape design and spectacular examples of art and architecture earned the cemetery National Register status in May 1994. The cemetery was the third cemetery in Illinois to receive this recognition.
The cemetery includes impressive monuments by Alexander Stirling Calder and Paul de Vigne. Many of the monuments reflect attitudes about death and mourning from the Victorian Era. Some of the more memorable grave markers include life-size stone statues, a ship’s anchor, a six-ton granite ball, a baby’s cradle, the sleeping dog statue guarding the Dimick children and the mourning woman at the Cable monument.
The Sexton’s House is a Gothic Revival farmhouse that predates the cemetery. It continues to serve as the home of the cemetery superintendent. There are more than 25,000 people buried at Chippiannock Cemetery. The preservation of the cemetery is the responsibility of the Chippiannock Cemetery Heritage Foundation as well as other interested citizens.
Notable Chippiannock burials
- Napoleon Bonaparte Buford (1807–1883), American Civil War Brigadier General
- Benjamin T. Cable (1853–1923), U.S. House of Representatives, 1891–1893
- Ransom Reed Cable (1834–1909), president of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad
- Frederick Denkmann (1824–1905), co-founded Weyerhauser-Denkmann Lumber Company with Frederick Weyerhauser
- William H. Gest (1838–1912), U.S. House of Representatives, 1887–1891
- William Hoffman (1807–1884), American Civil War Brevet Major General
- Minnie Potter (1865–1936), president and CEO of the Argus, a daily newspaper
- Chester C. Thompson (1893–1971), Mayor of Rock Island, U.S. House of Representatives, 1933–1939
- Benjamin Dann Walsh (1808–1869), First Illinois State Entomologist
- Frederick Weyerhauser (1834–1914), founded the Weyerhauser Company
- “150 Years of Epitaphs at Chippiannock Cemetery”. Rock Island, Ill.: Chippiannock Cemetery Heritage Foundation, 2006.
- “Passages: A Collection of Personal Histories of Chippiannock Cemetery”. Bettendorf, Iowa: Razor Edge Press, 2006.
- "Chippiannock Cemetery" (Images of America series). ISBN 0738577413. Arcadia Publishing, 2010.
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