Chipping Campden

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 52°03′14″N 1°46′23″W / 52.054°N 1.773°W / 52.054; -1.773

Chipping Campden
Chipping CampdenHighSt.jpg
High Street, Chipping Campden
Chipping Campden is located in Gloucestershire
Chipping Campden
Chipping Campden
 Chipping Campden shown within Gloucestershire
Population 2,206 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SP155395
District Cotswold
Shire county Gloucestershire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHIPPING CAMPDEN
Postcode district GL55
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance Great Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire

Chipping Campden is a small market town in the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, England. It is notable for its elegant terraced High Street, dating from the 14th century to the 17th century. ("Chipping" is from Old English cēping, "a market, a market-place"; the same element is found in other towns such as Chipping Norton, Chipping Sodbury and Chipping (now High) Wycombe.[1])

A rich wool trading centre in the Middle Ages, Chipping Campden enjoyed the patronage of wealthy wool merchants (see also wool church). Today it is a popular Cotswold tourist destination with old inns, hotels, specialist shops and restaurants. The High Street is lined with honey-coloured limestone buildings, built from the mellow locally quarried oolitic limestone known as Cotswold stone, and boasts a wealth of fine vernacular architecture. At its centre stands the Market Hall with its splendid arches, built in 1627.

Other attractions include the grand early perpendicular wool church of St James – with its medieval altar frontals (c.1500), cope (c.1400) and vast and extravagant 17th century monuments to local wealthy silk merchant Sir Baptist Hicks and his family – the Almshouses and Woolstaplers Hall. The Court Barn near the church is now a museum celebrating the rich Arts and Crafts tradition of the area (see below). Hicks was also responsible for Campden House, which was destroyed by fire during the English Civil War possibly to prevent it falling into the hands of the Parliamentarians. All that now remains of Hicks' once imposing estate are two gatehouses, two Jacobean banqueting houses, restored by the Landmark Trust and Lady Juliana's gateway. Hick's descendants still live at the Court House attached to the site.[2]

There are two famous and historic gardens nearby: at Hidcote Manor Garden, owned and managed by the National Trust, and at Kiftsgate, in private ownership but open to the public. Two miles to the west, in the grounds of Weston Park near Saintbury, are the earthwork remains of a motte and bailey castle.

The town has hosted its own Olimpick Games since 1612. The Olympic torch passed through Chipping Campden on 1 July 2012.[3]

East Banqueting House and St James at Chipping Campden.

Cotswold Games[edit]

Since the early seventeenth century the town has been home to a championship of rural games, which later turned into Robert Dover's Cotswold Olimpick Games. The Olimpicks are held every summer on the Friday evening following the late Spring Bank-holiday (usually late May or early June), on Dover's Hill, near Chipping Campden. Peculiar to the games is the sport of shin-kicking (hay stuffed down the trousers can ease one's brave passage to later rounds). To mark the end of the games, there is a huge bonfire and firework display. This is followed by a torch-lit procession back into the town and dancing to a local band in the square. The Scuttlebrook Wake takes place the following day. The locals don fancy dress costumes and follow the Scuttlebrook Queen, with her four attendants and Page Boy, in a procession to the centre of town pulled on a decorated dray by the town's own Morris Men. This is then followed by the presentation of prizes and displays of Maypole and Country dancing by the two primary schools and Morris dancing. Another procession from there past the fairground in Leysbourne and the Alms Houses brings that stage of the celebration to a close whilst the fair continues until mid-night and, like a ghost, is gone by the morning.

Music[edit]

Since 2002 Chipping Camden has hosted what is now widely recognised as one of the UK’s leading music festivals.[4]

Arts and Crafts movement[edit]

In the early 20th century, the town became known as a centre for the Cotswold Arts and Crafts Movement, following the move of Charles Robert Ashbee with the members of his Guild and School of Handicraft from the East End of London in 1902. The Guild of Handicraft specialised in metalworking, producing jewellery and enamels, as well as hand-wrought copper and wrought ironwork, and furniture-making. A number of artists and writers settled in the area, including F. L. Griggs, the etcher, who built Dover's Court, (Now known as New Dover's House) one of the last significant Arts and Crafts houses, and set up the Campden Trust with Norman Jewson and others, initially to protect Dover's Hill from development. H. J. Massingham, the rural writer who celebrated the traditions of the English countryside, also settled near the town. Ananda Coomaraswamy, the Sri Lankan philosopher and art critic who was a colleague of Ashbee, settled at Broad Campden where Ashbee adapted the Norman chapel for him.

Notable people[edit]

  • Graham Greene the prolific English novelist, playwright, short story writer and critic lived, between 1931 to 1933,[5] with his wife Vivien at "Little Orchard" in the town.[6]
  • Ernest Wilson, plantsman, was born in the town.
  • Sir Percy Hobart, armoured vehicle strategist and commander of the 79th Armoured Division in the Second World War, came from Chipping Campden and led the Home Guard there during the war.
Old Market Hall, 1627

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A.D. Mills, Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (Oxford University Press, 1998), p. 83.
  2. ^ Cream of the Cotswolds at Times Online
  3. ^ Olympic Torch Relay Map
  4. ^ "Chipping Campden Annual Music Festival". Campdenmusicfestival.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  5. ^ [1] Campden Cottages web site
  6. ^ Vivien Greene Obituary The Guardian 23 August 2003

External links[edit]

Following the Cotswold Way
Towards
Bath
Towards
Chipping Campden
9 km (6 miles) to
Broadway
to
-