Chiquitano language

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Chiquitano
Besïro
Native to Santa Cruz, Bolivia
Ethnicity 47,100 Chiquitano people (2004)
Native speakers
5,900  (2004)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 cax
Glottolog chiq1248  (Chiquitano)[2]
sans1265  (Sansimoniano)[3]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Chiquitano (also Bésiro or Tarapecosi) is an indigenous language isolate of eastern Bolivia, spoken in the central region of the Santa Cruz province.

Classification[edit]

Chiquitano is a language isolate. Greenberg linked it to the Macro-Jê languages in his discredited proposal, but this was never substantiated.

According to traditional sources, dialects were tao (yúnkarirsh), piñoco, penoqui, kusikia, manasi, san simoniano, churapa.

Phonology[edit]

Nasal assimilation[edit]

Chiquitano has regressive assimilation triggered by nasal nuclei / ɨ̃ ĩ ũ õ ã ẽ/ and targeting consonant onsets within a morpheme.

  • /suβũ/[suˈmũ] 'parrot (sp.)' [4]

Syllable structure[edit]

The language has CV, CVV, and CVC syllables. It does not allow complex onsets or codas. The only codas allowed are nasal consonants.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chiquitano at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Chiquitano". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Sansimoniano". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Sans, Pierric (2011). "Proceedings of the VII Encontro Macro-Jê.Brasilia, Brazil". 
  • Fabre, Alain (2008-07-21). "Chiquitano". Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos. Retrieved 2009-01-16.