Chirala Railway station
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||523 155, 523 156, 523157,523187|
Chirala is the first ever Model Town in ANDHRA PRADESH. The first ever using lift in Railyway Stations Over ANDHRA PADESH is in Chirala.Chirala-Perala, the twin town population of 1,62,725 (agglomeration) (2011 census) and surrounded area included with more than 3,00,000 population from villages like Jandrapeta, Vetapalem, Epurupalem, Chinnaganjam, Pandhillapalli, Karamchedu, Vodarevu, Gundaipalem, and Motupalli. It used to be a Taluk of Guntur District, and later became part of then formed Prakasam District. The city is situated at a distance of 58 km south of Guntur and the city area developed above 20 km2 radius towards North Bapatla, south side up to Chinnaganjam, east side completely developed up to bay, and west side developed up to Parchur. The name has been derived from its ancient age name Ksheera Puri ("Here the sea looks as white as milk"). This town is the major hub for textile business in the district of Prakasam. Because of its large textile business it is also called Mini-Bombay or Chenna Bombay. There are some nice beaches and a few resorts with all the world class facilities.
The Indian Air Force has an air-base called 'Suryalanka' near to Bapatla, very near to Chirala and it is a convenient place for start the Airport (domestic and cargo) operations with help of IAF, Bapatla premises. Chirala is the major commercial center between Vijayawada and Nellore and lies on the main railway line between Chennai and Kolkata. It located on NH-214A Highway connecting to Chennai Highway. Chirala has one medical college as BAPATLA INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES & RESEARCH CENTER and it is under construction.
Chirala has three Engineering colleges and three which are located at different locations of the town.
- Chirala Engineering college which is the first engineering college allocated to Chirala which runs under G.S.R & T.S.R Educational trust completed 10 years of excellence recently in 2011. This college is located on the shores of Ramapuram beach.
- St. Ann's Engineering college though it started as a minority institution in chirala now it has became a premier institute with more than four colleges under its belt, the first college in town to be accredited by NBA. They also completed 10 years of excellence in 2011. This college is very near to Vetapalem.
- V.R.S & Y.R.N Engineering College a child college of very famous V.R.S & Y.R.N Degree college. This is located in V.R.S & Y.R.N college campus itself.
Apart from engineering colleges Chirala has degree and junior colleges such as Chaitanya Bharathi Degree College, Y.A govt Degree college for women, St. Marks Lutheran Jr. College, Vidya Degree College and P.G studies, Bharati Jr College, Vignana Bharati Jr College apart from V.R.S & Y.R.N Degree college. In 1996 intermediate results a student from Bharathi jr college by name Suram Madhavi topped BIE in the entire state. First of its kind in Chirala's history.
Chirala has 3 municipal high schools:
- N.R. & P.M. High School (boys high school), established in 1914
- K.G.M. High School (girls high school), a municipal school
- A.R.M. High School (Perala High school), located in Perala
Chirala, which has earned a unique place in the history of the freedom struggle, which completed its 400 years on April 27, 2004, corresponding with the Telugu calendar `Visakha Sudha Saptami.
The foundation for present-day Chirala was laid in 1604 AD by two Yadavas, Minchala Paleti Papaiah and Minchala Paleti Peraiah. The town was carved out of Sudhanagaram, original name of Patha Chirala, that was granted to Chirala Anantharaju by Goparaju Ramanna, Minister of the Kakatiya king, Ganapati Deva, during Saka 1067 (1145 AD) as mentioned in the records obtained from the Madras Oriental Library. His descendant, Chirala Venkata Krishnudu, leased out the present Chirala area to the Yadavas for raising a new township. Thus, present-day Chirala was born on Visakha Sudha Saptami of Viswavasu Vatsaram, corresponding to 1604 AD. Famous Research Scientist Sri. V.V.H. Prasad (presently working as senior asst. director in CCMB) hails from this town.
In the new township, a Venugopalaswamy temple was constructed in 1619 and that of Malleswaraswamy in 1620, while that of Gangamma was built a little later. As the temples did not have any chariots, Chirala Ramanna Panthulu built two chariots for the two temples towards the middle of the 19th century. Now a lot of temples have come up.
With the advent of a railway station on the Madras-Calcutta-New Delhi main line, Chirala developed commercially with its population reaching a little over two lakhs and fifty thousands, while Patha Chirala, which once traded through the ancient port of Motupalli, shrunk to become an obscure village with a population of just 5,000.
Anuguraju of the Hyheya dynasty, who ruled over Palnadu, visited Patha Chirala along with his entourage that included the famous socio-religious reformer, Brahma Naidu, during the twelfth century and left behind the idol of Chennakesava Swamy, his family deity with his consorts and weapons, used by Palnadu warriors. The ancient Adikesavaswamy temple, originally built by the Cholas during the eleventh century, and now in a dilapidated condition, is being rebuilt by Sri Arulananda Swamy, head of Sri Lalithananda Ashram of Vodarevu, near here.
Chirala, which was regarded as a health resort by Britishers, got a medical facility as early as in 1906 with the opening of the Edward VII Coronation Memorial Hospital. Dr. Mary Baer, an American, also opened the Dr. Baer Missionary Hospital in 1912 when Chirala and its neighborhood villages did not have medical facilities except at Guntur.
If we are talking about Chirala, it would not be fair to remember Chirala - Perala moment which was led by Sri. Andhra Ratna Duggirala .Gopala Krishnaiaha garu who fought against British municipalities for their higher Taxation.
The Europeans also started a tobacco curing factory of the ITC Limited in 1923, opening job opportunities to People. More than 6,000 people used to work till the operations were atomised. Today, as the hub of the handloom industry, Chirala provides employment to at least 25,000 to 30,000 artisans. There is export market for the special quality of handloom cloth produced in this area. A co-operative spinning mill also was started in 1959. The popular Telia Rumal Saris originated here.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2011)|
The Chirala formally known as "KSHIRAPURI" is situated on Bay of Bengal is renamed as CHIRALA (CHIRA means saree). The Chirala town well connected to the main railway line and NH 5 road line (Kolkata to Chennai). And also there is airline service form Gannavaram (Vijayawada) is far from 110 km. . The Chirala area handloom industry is famous since time immemorial for producing variety of fabrics which brought name and fame to the nation as well as to this area. Even before the Industrial revolution taken place in the west, the rural artisan weaver of this area had done marvelous work of producing 7 yards of sari in a match box, which speaks of highest excellence in the art of weaving, unmatched skill and talent of handloom weaver of this area.
During the 13th century the Italian traveler Marco Polo visited this area and mentions about the flourishing handloom weaving and exhibition of skills of the weaver in production of finer varieties, reveals the historic evidence about attaining the peak of excellence in weaving skills. In 1920 a group of weavers have formed a handloom weavers Co-Operative Society. During 1952 a Co-operative spinning mill has been inaugurated by Sri Javaharlal Nehru and runs for about 50 years. Though this area is famous for its production of traditional varieties zari saris and dhoties which has limited for local market. During 1973 the exportable variety known as the "Real Madras hand Kerchiefs" is being manufactured with art silk and zari (metallic thread glittering like gold) on jacquard looms and exported to African countries. The introduction of this exportable variety and its popularity in the weavers of this area had not only improved the living conditions of the weaver but also contributing in earning foreign exchange to the nation. Because of its attractive and glittering design and texture, the cloth is attracting the consumers in foreign countries. The "Real Madras Hand Kerchiefs" variety is also being manufactured in the countries like Bangladesh and China. The quality of the fabric being produced in this area will not give any odd smell to the cloth because of the climate and water used during the process of dyeing. Which was not a match for the cloth made at this area(Chirala). This variety has run for one and half decade and it comes down. Even now there are about 1000 looms working for this variety and about 10 crores of rupee value are being exported from Chennai. Later they have shifted to lungies hand kerchiefs, sarees, dress material etc. There are about some hundreds of weavers who young and dynamic weavers are shifted to hand paint and spray paint work on saris from the year 1983 onwards for about fifteen years and earned about Rs.6000 to 8000 per month and from last six years the embroidery work is going on and providing some alternate work for those who not interested to continue as weaver. These are also earning about Rs. 4000 to 6000 per month. The saris being supplied by local traders for painting and embroidering work. The embroidered / painted saris are sold at local and also with in the state of other places. And also there is cashew cottage industry which providing work for few hundreds of women during the cashew crop season.
Generally in Chirala cluster the type loom used is fly shuttle loom and this may be equipped additionally with barrel dobby, lattice dobby and jacquard according to the variety of the fabric woven by the weaver. The barrel dobby is used to produce small design with 24 threads of extra warp design on border or at desired place of the fabrics, like dhoties, saris, shirtings and dress material cloth. The lattice dobby is used to produce designs with 48 threads of extra warp design on saris and dress materials. The Jacquard is used to weave designs with extra warp or extra weft or both depending on the fabric requirement. For the weaving of plain fabric the fly shuttle loom alone is enough, no additional attachment like dobby or jacquard is required.
There are about sixty thousand handloom weaver population at Chirala and presently twenty to twenty five thousand weavers are active. These 20 to 25 thousand weavers are working on about 18000 looms. In addition there are fifteen yarn traders, 25 to 30 dyers, 6 designers and card makers using cad system, 50 to 70 hand work designers and card makers and 50 to 100 of other ancillary providers. The annual turn of this cluster is estimated around 100 to 120 crores. The weavers are located in two mandals and of Prakasam district. They are Chirala and Vetapalem mandals. Almost all the weavers belong to the Devanga and Padmashali castes.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Chirala urban agglomeration had a population of 162,725, out of which males were 80,215 and females were 82,510. The literacy rate was 77.33 per cent. Chirala municipality had a population of 200,746.
As of 2001[update] India census, Chirala had a population of 85,455. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Chirala has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 71% and female literacy of 58%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Chirala is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. There are 1,80,481 registered voters in Chirala constituency in 1999 elections.
List of elected members
- 1951, 1955 and 1967 - Pragada Kotaiah
- 1962 - Jagarlamudi Laxminarayana Chowdary
- 1972 - Guddanti Kotaiah
- 1978 - Mutte Venkateswarlu
- 1983 - Chimata Sambu
- 1985 - Sajja Chandramouli
- 1989 - Konijeti Rosaiah Congress
- 1994 - Paleti Rama Rao
- 1999 - Paleti Rama Rao
- 2004 - Konijeti Rosaiah Congress
- 2009 - Amanchi Krishna Mohan Congress
Sri Rosaiah Governor of Tamil Nadu, served as Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh for a brief period of 14 months and held the portfolios for Finance, Planning, Small Savings, Lotteries and Legislative Affairs, Govt of AP. He is one of the senior most members of the legislative assembly and is widely recognized as an excellent orator, financial expert and has a record of presenting the state budget for the highest number of times (16 times, including 7 times in a row) by an individual.
Constituency of Chirala
Chairpersons of Chirala Municipality include:
- Tulabandula Venkatappaiah
- Bonigala Ashok kumar
- mrs.andekasthuri bai (2000–2005)
- Mrs. Thiruveedhula Shyamala Kumari
- Mr. Gottipati Ananda Rao (Counselor)
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Election Commission of India. APAssembly results.1978-2004
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