Chirimiri Coalfield

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Chirimiri Coalfield
Location
Chirimiri Coalfield is located in Chhattisgarh
Chirimiri Coalfield
Chirimiri Coalfield
Location in Chhattisgarh
State Chhatisgarh
Country India
Coordinates 23°11′02″N 82°20′06″E / 23.18389°N 82.33500°E / 23.18389; 82.33500Coordinates: 23°11′02″N 82°20′06″E / 23.18389°N 82.33500°E / 23.18389; 82.33500
Owner
Company South Eastern Coalfields Limited
Website http://secl.gov.in/
Year of acquisition 1985

Chirimiri Coalfield is located in Koriya district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh in the valley of the Hasdeo River, a tributary of the Mahanadi.

Other coalfields[edit]

There are several other coalfields in the region. Kotma sub-basin of Sohagpur Coalfield is 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from Chirimiri Coalfield. Jhilimili Coalfield is 48 kilometres (30 mi) north of Chirimiri railway station. Sonhat Colliery lies north-east of Chirimiri.[1]

History[edit]

Tata Iron and Steel Company initiated prospecting of coal but no mining was carried out by them. The Chirimiri colliery was opened in 1930 (production started in 1932), New Chirimiri colliery came up in 1942, Pure Chirimiri colliery in 1945, and North Chirimiri colliery in 1946. Subsequently, New Chirimiri Pondi Hills, West Chirimiri, Duman Hill and Korea collieries started operating. Coal production rose from 264,000 tonnes in 1933 to 3,162,500 tonnes in 1980.[1]

The collieries in Chirimiri Coalfield were owned by several companies and owners such as Chirimiri Colliery Company Pvt. Ltd., Dababhoy's New Chirimiri Ponri Hill Company (Private) Limited, United Collieries Limited, K.N. Dhady and Indra Singh & Sons (Private) Limited. These were nationalized in 1973.[2]

The coalfield[edit]

Chirimiri Coalfield is a part of Central India Coalfields. The latter is spread over the districts of Surguja, Koriya (both in Chhattisgarh), Shahdol and Umaria (both in Madhya Pradesh). There are fourteen coalfields in this group, namely Korar, Umaria, Johilla, Sohagpur, Sonhat, Jhilimili, Chirimiri, Sendurgarh, Koreagarh, Damhamunda, Panchbahini, Hasdeo-Arand, Lakhanpur and Bishrampur. The group covers an area of about 5,345 square kilometres (2,064 sq mi) with estimated reserves of 15,613.98 million tonnes. The deposits are at a depth of 0–1200 meters. Therefore, extraction is mainly amenable to underground mining except a few blocks in eastern part of these coalfields which have opencast potential.[3]

Chirimiri coalfield is spread over 125 square kilometres (48 sq mi) of hilly country and includes both the sections – Kurasia and Chirimiri. Total reserves in Chirimiri coalfield have been estimated to be around 312.11 million tonnes.[1][4]

According to Geological Survey of India reserves of non-coking coal up to a depth of 300 m in Chirimiri Coalfield was 362.16 million tonnes.[5]

Transport[edit]

Chirimiri was connected to Anuppur by the 69 kilometres (43 mi) Annupur-Chirimiri branch line in 1939.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Shri Kamal Sharma, Resource Development in Tribal India, p. 165, 1989, Northern Book Centre, 4221/1 Ansari Road, New Delhi, ISBN 81-85119-57-0
  2. ^ "Coal Mines (Nationalisation) Act, 1973, Schedule I". Bare Facts. Retrieved 2011-09-08. 
  3. ^ "Central India Coalfields". Coalfields. South Eastern Coalfields Ltd. Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  4. ^ "Coal Deposits in Chhattisgarh". Directorate of Geology and Mining, Chhattisgah. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 
  5. ^ "Coal Resources of India (As on 1.1.2004)". Coal Wing, Geological Survey of India, Kolkata. Retrieved 2011-09-08. 
  6. ^ Sri Kamal Sharma, Resource Development in Tribal India, p. 161, 164, Northern Book Centre, ISBN 81-85119-57-0