|Chiromantis xerampelina Peters, 1854
Chirixalus Boulenger, 1893
Chiromantis (commonly known as the foam-nest frog or foam-nest tree frog) is a genus of frogs in the family Rhacophoridae. It contains species from the Sub-Saharan African tropics as well as from southeastern Asia. The Asian species were formerly assigned to Chirixalus, but this taxon was shown to be paraphyletic with respect to African Chiromantis. Consequently, Chirixalus were included in Chiromantis. Monophyly of Chiromantis also required erecting a new genus Feihyla for "Chirixalus palpebralis".
The current delineation of Chiromantis is based on molecular phylogenetics, and there is no morphological character that defines genus. They are moderately large frogs with a snout-vent length of 35–80 mm (1.4–3.1 in). They lay their eggs in foam nests.
There are currently 15 species placed in this genus:
- Chiromantis cherrapunjiae (Roonwal and Kripalani, 1966)
- Chiromantis doriae (Boulenger, 1893)
- Chiromantis dudhwaensis (Ray, 1992)
- Chiromantis hansenae (Cochran, 1927)
- Chiromantis kelleri Boettger, 1893
- Chiromantis nongkhorensis (Cochran, 1927)
- Chiromantis petersii Boulenger, 1882
- Chiromantis punctatus (Wilkinson, Win, Thin, Lwin, Shein, and Tun, 2003)
- Chiromantis rufescens Günther, 1869
- Chiromantis samkosensis Grismer, Thy, Chav, and Holden, 2007
- Chiromantis senapatiensis (Mathew and Sen, 2009)
- Chiromantis shyamrupus (Chanda and Ghosh, 1989)
- Chiromantis simus (Annandale, 1915)
- Chiromantis vittatus (Boulenger, 1887)
- Chiromantis xerampelina Peters, 1854
- Frost, Darrel R. (2013). "Chiromantis Peters, 1854". Amphibian Species of the World 5.6, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
- Li, Jiatang; Dingqi Rao; Robert W. Murphy; Yaping Zhang (2011). "The systematic status of rhacophorid frogs" (PDF). Asian Herpetological Research 2: 1–11. doi:10.3724/SP.J.1245.2011.00001.
Data related to Chiromantis at Wikispecies
- Chiromantis at CalPhotos