Chisholm, Minnesota

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Chisholm, Minnesota
City
Location of the city of Chisholmwithin Saint Louis County, Minnesota
Location of the city of Chisholm
within Saint Louis County, Minnesota
Coordinates: 47°29′28″N 92°52′44″W / 47.49111°N 92.87889°W / 47.49111; -92.87889
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Saint Louis
Incorporated July 23, 1901
Area[1]
 • Total 4.74 sq mi (12.28 km2)
 • Land 4.48 sq mi (11.60 km2)
 • Water 0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)
Elevation 1,535 ft (468 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 4,976
 • Estimate (2013)[3] 5,023
 • Density 1,110.7/sq mi (428.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 55719
Area code(s) 218
FIPS code 27-11386
GNIS feature ID 0660998[4]
Website City of Chisholm

Chisholm is a city in Saint Louis County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 4,976 at the 2010 census.[5]

U.S. Highway 169 and State Highway 73 (MN 73) are two of the main routes in Chisholm. Michael A. Jugovich is currently presiding as mayor, and has been since 2006.

A mining town on the Mesabi Range, Chisholm was founded by Archibald Mark Chisholm.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.74 square miles (12.28 km2); 4.48 square miles (11.60 km2) is land and 0.26 square miles (0.67 km2) is water.[1]

Chisholm is in the center of the Mesabi Iron Range, one of the four iron ranges in the Arrowhead Region of Minnesota.

History[edit]

The site of Chisholm was first explored in 1892 by E.J. Longyear, inventor of the diamond drill, and for whom the lake in town is named. He founded the first mine in town, the Pillsbury. Later, Archibald Chisholm, who was living near Ely, migrated to Hibbing and founded the Chisholm mine there. In 1901, he, along with the Chisholm Improvement Community, plotted the town and had it incorporated as a village.

With a railroad line to Duluth and plenty of mining work available in and near town, the population of Chisholm grew rapidly, and by 1908, the town had more than 6,000 people and 500 buildings. On September 5, 1908, a fast-moving forest fire obliterated the town due to the dry conditions during the late summer and wood construction of nearly all the buildings in town. Many people sought escape by going into the lake. No one died in the fire. Afterwards, building codes were enhanced, and by the next summer, more than 70 fireproof buildings had been erected. Chisholm became a city in 1934.

Education[edit]

The Chisholm Independent School District draws students from the city of Chisholm and surrounding Balkan Township. The Vaughan–Steffensrud Elementary School (named for the first two superintendents of the Chisholm school system) has classes for children from preschool through third grade, Chisholm Elementary School has students in grades four through six, and Chisholm High School has grades seven through twelve.

Chisholm High School sports teams (nickname: the "Bluestreaks") participate in Class "A" of the Minnesota State High School League. Competitive varsity sports include baseball, basketball, cheerleading, cross-country running, football, softball, swimming and diving, track and field, and volleyball. Chisholm students join with students in nearby Hibbing to participate in alpine skiing, golf, gymnastics, boys' hockey, girls' hockey, and tennis.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 7,684
1920 9,039 17.6%
1930 8,308 −8.1%
1940 7,487 −9.9%
1950 6,861 −8.4%
1960 7,144 4.1%
1970 5,913 −17.2%
1980 5,930 0.3%
1990 5,290 −10.8%
2000 4,960 −6.2%
2010 4,976 0.3%
Est. 2013 5,023 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,976 people, 2,257 households, and 1,260 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,110.7 inhabitants per square mile (428.8/km2). There were 2,524 housing units at an average density of 563.4 per square mile (217.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.5% White, 0.8% African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 2,256 households of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.1% were non-families. 39.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.81.

The median age in the city was 40.7 years. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 27.6% were from 45 to 64; and 18% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 4,960 people, 2,178 households, and 1,287 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,129 people per square mile (436/km²). There were 2,375 housing units at an average density of 540/sq mi (208.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.9% White, 0.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from other races, less than one percent Pacific Islander, and 1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population. (Percentages may not add to exactly 100 due to rounding.) 12.8% were of Finnish, 11.9% German, 9.9% Slovene, 8.5% Italian, 8.4% Norwegian, 6.4% Irish and 5.8% French ancestry.

There were 2,178 households out of which 28% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44% were married couples living together, 11% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41% were non-families. 37% of all households were made up of individuals and 20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.2 and the average family size was 2.9.

In the city the population was spread out with 22% under the age of 18, 8% from 18 to 24, 25% from 25 to 44, 23% from 45 to 64, and 22% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,472, and the median income for a family was $40,431. Males had a median income of $35,972 versus $21,406 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,204. About 6% of families and 12% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14% of those under age 18 and 11% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

* John Blatnik, former U.S. Congressman

In popular culture[edit]

  • In the motion picture Field of Dreams, Ray Kinsella and Terrance Mann go to Chisholm to find Archibald "Moonlight" Graham. Graham, or "Doc" Graham, as the residents of Chisholm called him, did indeed live in Chisholm for 50 years as a doctor following his baseball career. The scenes depicting the town were actually filmed in Galena, Illinois.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 47°29′21″N 92°53′02″W / 47.48917°N 92.88389°W / 47.48917; -92.88389