within Saint Louis County, Minnesota
|Incorporated||July 23, 1901|
|• Total||4.74 sq mi (12.28 km2)|
|• Land||4.48 sq mi (11.60 km2)|
|• Water||0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)|
|Elevation||1,535 ft (468 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||5,025|
|• Density||1,110.7/sq mi (428.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0660998|
A mining town on the Mesabi Range, Chisholm was founded by Archibald Mark Chisholm.
The site of Chisholm was first explored in 1892 by E.J. Longyear, inventor of the diamond drill, and for whom the lake in town is named. He founded the first mine in town, the Pillsbury. Later, Archibald Chisholm, who was living near Ely, migrated to Hibbing and founded the Chisholm mine there. In 1901, he, along with the Chisholm Improvement Community, plotted the town and had it incorporated as a village.
With a railroad line to Duluth and plenty of mining work available in and near town, the population of Chisholm grew rapidly, and by 1908, the town had more than 6,000 people and 500 buildings. On September 5, 1908, a fast-moving forest fire obliterated the town due to the dry conditions during the late summer and wood construction of nearly all the buildings in town. Many people sought escape by going into the lake. No one died in the fire. Afterwards, building codes were enhanced, and by the next summer, more than 70 fireproof buildings had been erected. Chisholm became a city in 1934.
The Chisholm Independent School District draws students from the city of Chisholm and surrounding Balkan Township. The Vaughan–Steffensrud Elementary School (named for the first two superintendents of the Chisholm school system) has classes for children from preschool through third grade, Chisholm Elementary School has students in grades four through six, and Chisholm High School has grades seven through twelve.
Chisholm High School sports teams (nickname: the "Bluestreaks") participate in Class "A" of the Minnesota State High School League. Competitive varsity sports include baseball, basketball, cheerleading, cross-country running, football, softball, swimming and diving, track and field, and volleyball. Chisholm students join with students in nearby Hibbing to participate in alpine skiing, golf, gymnastics, boys' hockey, girls' hockey, and tennis.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,976 people, 2,257 households, and 1,260 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,110.7 inhabitants per square mile (428.8 /km2). There were 2,524 housing units at an average density of 563.4 per square mile (217.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.5% White, 0.8% African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.
There were 2,256 households of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.1% were non-families. 39.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.81.
The median age in the city was 40.7 years. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 27.6% were from 45 to 64; and 18% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,960 people, 2,178 households, and 1,287 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,129 people per square mile (436/km²). There were 2,375 housing units at an average density of 540/sq mi (208.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.9% White, 0.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from other races, less than one percent Pacific Islander, and 1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population. (Percentages may not add to exactly 100 due to rounding.) 12.8% were of Finnish, 11.9% German, 9.9% Slovene, 8.5% Italian, 8.4% Norwegian, 6.4% Irish and 5.8% French ancestry.
There were 2,178 households out of which 28% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44% were married couples living together, 11% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41% were non-families. 37% of all households were made up of individuals and 20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.2 and the average family size was 2.9.
In the city the population was spread out with 22% under the age of 18, 8% from 18 to 24, 25% from 25 to 44, 23% from 45 to 64, and 22% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,472, and the median income for a family was $40,431. Males had a median income of $35,972 versus $21,406 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,204. About 6% of families and 12% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14% of those under age 18 and 11% of those age 65 or over.
People from Chisholm
- John Blatnik, former U.S. Congressman
- Ann Govednik, Olympic breaststroke swimmer
- Roger Enrico, former CEO of Pepsico
- Philip Falcone, billionaire Wall Street investor
- Joel Maturi, former University of Minnesota athletic director
- Jim Oberstar, former U.S. Congressman
- Dan Orlich, former NFL defensive end
- Shawn Rojeski, 2006 Winter Olympics men's curling bronze medalist.
- Saint Dog (Steven Thronson), one of the original founding members of California hip hop group Kottonmouth Kings.
- Tony Sertich, Minnesota politician and former House majority leader
- John Shuster, 2006 Winter Olympics men's curling bronze medalist
- Jason Smith, 2010 Winter Olympics men's curler
In popular culture
- In the motion picture Field of Dreams, Ray Kinsella and Terrance Mann go to Chisholm to find Archibald "Moonlight" Graham. The scenes depicting the town were actually filmed in Galena, Illinois.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011.