Chisnall Hall Colliery

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Chisnall Hall Colliery a colliery in Coppull in Lancashire, England.[1] It was the largest coal mine on the Lancashire Coalfield north of Wigan. The colliery on Coppull Moor was owned by Pearson and Knowles Coal and Iron Company in 1896 when it employed 135 underground and 48 surface workers.[2] It appeared on maps in 1908 as a coal mine with two shafts and railway sidings connecting its 1.5-mile mineral railway to the London and North Western Railway's Wigan–Preston main line.[3] In 1930, Pearson & Knowles merged with the Wigan Coal and Iron Company and others and their collieries became the property of the Wigan Coal Corporation.[4] More than 1,000 people were employed there in 1933 and more than 300,000 tonnes of coal were produced annually.[3]

Nationalisation[edit]

After nationalisation on 1 January 1947, major rebuilding was authorised by the National Coal Board. A new headgear and screens replaced the original structures and a coal washery was added. During the 1950s and early 1960s, well over 1000 men were employed, producing about 250,000 tons of coal per year.

Closure[edit]

The colliery closed on 24 March 1967, it was the last pit in the Wigan area apart from small privately owned mines. The washery and railway remained open for about four months, washing coal brought from Wood Pit, Haydock. The site was restored by Lancashire County Council between 1981 and 1983 and opened to the public.[3] Little trace of the colliery or its railway survive. The two shafts were not capped and remain open and are partly filled with water. They are surrounded by high, protective brick walls.

References[edit]

  1. ^ North Western Division Map 89, The Coalmining History Research Centre, retrieved 2011-02-14 
  2. ^ North and East Lancashire's Mining Industry in 1896, projects.exeter.ac.uk, retrieved 26 September 2012 
  3. ^ a b c Chisnall Hall Colliery site, Coppull Moor, Coppull, Chorley, Lancashire County Council, retrieved September 2012 
  4. ^ Wigan Coal Corporation Ltd., Durham Mining Museum, retrieved September 2012 

Coordinates: 53°36′22″N 2°40′56″W / 53.6062°N 2.6821°W / 53.6062; -2.6821