Chistopol

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Chistopol (English)
Чистополь (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Chistopol is located in Tatarstan
Chistopol
Chistopol
Location of Chistopol in the Republic of Tatarstan
Coordinates: 55°21′53″N 50°37′34″E / 55.36472°N 50.62611°E / 55.36472; 50.62611Coordinates: 55°21′53″N 50°37′34″E / 55.36472°N 50.62611°E / 55.36472; 50.62611
Coat of Arms of Chistopol (Tatarstan) (1781).png
RUS Чистополь flag.gif
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of February 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Tatarstan[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of republic significance of Chistopol[1]
Administrative center of town of republic significance of Chistopol,[1] Chistopolsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2008)
Municipal district Chistopolsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Chistopol Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Chistopolsky Municipal District,[2] Chistopol Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 60,755 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 268th
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
First mentioned the end of the
17th century
[citation needed]
Town status since 1781[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 84342[citation needed]
Official website
Chistopol on WikiCommons

Chistopol (Russian: Чи́стополь; Tatar Cyrillic: Чистай, Latin: Çistay; Chuvash: Чистай) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the left bank of the Kuybyshev Reservoir, on the Kama River. Population: 60,755 (2010 Census);[3] 63,029 (2002 Census);[5] 65,468 (1989 Census).[6]

History[edit]

It was first mentioned in chronicles at the end of the 17th century.[citation needed] It developed very quickly, and by 1761 the number of inhabitants exceeded 1,000.[citation needed] In 1781, a decree by Catherine the Great granted Chistopol the status of an uyezd town, with the establishment of its own coat of arms.[citation needed] At the end of the 19th century, Chistopol became a major center of trade for grain. Prior to 1917, it was the second largest town (after Kazan) in Kazan Governorate.

During the Great Patriotic War, Chistopol become a shelter for the Union of Soviet Writers, which included Boris Pasternak, Leonid Leonov and other notables.

The town is notable for its watch plant, Vostok watches, which was founded in 1941.

Panorama of the central part of Chistopol
Panorama of the central part of Chistopol

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Chistopol serves as the administrative center of Chistopolsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with the settlement of Yeryklinsky, incorporated separately as the town of republic significance of Chistopol—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of republic significance of Chistopol is incorporated within Chistopolsky Municipal District as Chistopol Urban Settlement.[2]

Transportation[edit]

The town is served by the Chistopol Airport.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Order #01-02/9
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #44-ZRT
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Министерство юстиции Республики Татарстан. Приказ №01-02/9 от 4 февраля 2014 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов в Республике Татарстан». Опубликован: Официальный сайт правовой информации Министерства юстиции Республики Татарстан (http://pravo.tatarstan.ru), 27 февраля 2014 г. (Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tatarstan. Order #01-02/9 of February 4, 2014 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities in the Republic of Tatarstan. ).
  • Государственный Совет Республики Татарстан. Закон №44-ЗРТ от 31 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Чистопольский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Закона №129-ЗРТ от 23 декабря 2008 г «Об изменении границ территорий отдельных муниципальных образований и внесении изменений в Закон Республики Татарстан "Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Чистопольский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика Татарстан", №№18-19, 1 февраля 2005 г. (State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan. Law #44-ZRT of January 31, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Chistopolsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #129-ZRT of December 23, 2008 On Changing the Borders of the Territory of Several Municipal Formations and on Amending the Law of the Republic of Tatarstan "On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Chistopolsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the official publication date.).