|Extinct||1940, with the death of Delphine Ducloux|
Although no longer spoken, it is fairly extensively documented in the early 20th-century work (mostly unpublished) of linguists Morris Swadesh and John R. Swanton. Swadesh in particular wrote a full grammar and dictionary, and collected numerous texts from the last two speakers, although none of this is published.
Chitimacha has recently been proposed to be related to, or a member of the Totozoquean languages (an ongoing hypothesis that groups together the Totonacan and Mixe-Zoquean language families, spoken in Central America). An earlier, more speculative proposal was affinity with the also hypothetical group of Gulf languages.
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Chitimacha". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Carl Waldman, 2009, Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes
- Swadesh, Morris (1948). "Sociologic Notes on Obsolescent Languages". International Journal of American Linguistics 14 (4): 226–235. doi:10.1086/464009. JSTOR 1262876.
- Swadesh, M. (1934). "The phonetics of Chitimacha". Language 10 (4): 345–362. doi:10.2307/409490.
- "YouTube – Chitimacha Language Episode – Finding Our Talk 3". youtube.com. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "Press Release, Media Room, Rosetta Stone". Retrieved 2012-08-26.
- Larry Abramson (Director) (2010-02-02). "Software Company Helps Revive 'Sleeping' Language". NPR. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=123220585. Retrieved 2012-08-26.
- Brown, Cecil H.; Wichmann, Søren; Beck, David (2014). "Chitimacha: A Mesoamerican language in the Lower Mississippi valley". International Journal of American Linguistics 80 (4): 425–474.
- "Chitimacha Language and the Chitimacha Indian Tribe (Chitamacha, Chetimacha, Shetimasha)". Retrieved 2012-08-26.
- John Reed Swanton (1919). A structural and lexical comparison of the Tunica, Chitimacha, and Atakapa languages. Govt. Printing Office. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- Thomas Noxon Toomey (1914). Relationships of the Chitimachan Linguistic Family. Hervas Laboratories. Retrieved 25 August 2012.