Chitose, Hokkaido

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chitose
千歳市
City
Flag of Chitose
Flag
Location of Chitose in Hokkaido (Ishikari Subprefecture)
Location of Chitose in Hokkaido (Ishikari Subprefecture)
Chitose is located in Japan
Chitose
Chitose
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 42°49′N 141°39′E / 42.817°N 141.650°E / 42.817; 141.650Coordinates: 42°49′N 141°39′E / 42.817°N 141.650°E / 42.817; 141.650
Country Japan
Region Hokkaido
Prefecture Hokkaido (Ishikari Subprefecture)
Government
 • Mayor Kōtarō Yamaguchi
Area
 • Total 594.95 km2 (229.71 sq mi)
Population (March 2008)
 • Total 92,323
 • Density 155/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Japanese White Birch and Katsura (Cercidiphyllum japonicum)
- Flower Azalea and Hanashōbu (Iris ensata var. ensata)
- Bird Common Pheasant and Crested Kingfisher
- Fish Sockeye salmon and Chum salmon
Address 2-34 Shinonomechō, Chitose-shi, Hokkaido
066-8686
Phone number 0123-24-3131
Website www.city.chitose.hokkaido.jp

Chitose (千歳市 Chitose-shi?) is a city located in Ishikari Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan, and home to the New Chitose Airport, the biggest international airport in Hokkaido and closest airport to Sapporo, as well as the neighboring Chitose Air Base. The city is bounded by Eniwa in the north and by Tomakomai in the south.

As of 2008, the city has an estimated population of 92,323 and a population density of 155 persons per km². The total area is 594.95 km². The city was founded on July 1, 1958.

Chitose is one of the gateways to the Shikotsu-Toya National Park, Lake Shikotsu and Mount Tarumae. Chitose also has a university (Chitose Institute of Science and Technology), two high schools, 18 junior high schools, and 10 elementary schools.

The city is notable for having a Peace Pagoda, built by the Japanese Buddhist order Nipponzan Myohoji in 1978.

A street in front of Chitose Station
City office

Origin of the name[edit]

In the Ainu language Chitose was originally called shikot, meaning big depression or hollow, like Lake Shikotsu a caldera lake. To the Japanese, this sounded too much like dead bones (死骨 shikotsu?), so it was changed to Chitose.[1]

Economy[edit]

China Airlines operates its Sapporo office on the third floor of the airport building.[2]

The airline Hokkaido Air System was at one time headquartered at the New Chitose Airport in Chitose.[3] Now its head office is on the property of Okadama Airport in Higashi-ku, Sapporo.[4]

Education[edit]

Universities[edit]

Transport[edit]

Chitose is accessed by two expressways with an interchange in the west and another in the north on a separate expressway and the Chitose-Eniwa Junction connecting with the Eastern Hokkaido Expressway in the northwest. Chitose is also linked by National Route 36, National Route 274, National Route 276, National Route 337, and National Route 453.

Twinnings[edit]

Chitose has sister city relationships with:

History[edit]

  • 1880: The village of Chitose (consisting of a merger of the localities of Chitose, Osatsu, Usakumai, Rankoshi, Izari, Shimamatsu) is established.
  • 1897: The village of Eniwa (consisting of the localities of Izari and Shimamatsu) (now a city) splits off.
  • 1915: Chitose (consisting of the localities of Chitose, Osatsu, Usakumai, Rankoshi) becomes a Second Class Municipality.
  • 1939: Chitose becomes a First Class Municipality.
  • 1942: Chitose promoted to town status.
  • Post World War II - Chitose hosts a US Air Force base.
  • July 1, 1958: Chitose promotes to city status.

Climate[edit]

The hottest and coldest temperatures, respectively, ever recorded are 34.2°C and -30.7°C.

Climate data for Chitose (1981~2010年)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
9.1
(48.4)
14.4
(57.9)
24.1
(75.4)
29.9
(85.8)
31.4
(88.5)
33.1
(91.6)
34.2
(93.6)
30.5
(86.9)
24.6
(76.3)
20.9
(69.6)
15.0
(59)
34.2
(93.6)
Average high °C (°F) −1.4
(29.5)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.2
(37.8)
10.7
(51.3)
16.0
(60.8)
19.3
(66.7)
22.4
(72.3)
24.6
(76.3)
21.6
(70.9)
15.8
(60.4)
8.3
(46.9)
1.5
(34.7)
11.77
(53.18)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.7
(19.9)
−6
(21)
−1.2
(29.8)
5.3
(41.5)
10.4
(50.7)
14.5
(58.1)
18.3
(64.9)
20.4
(68.7)
16.5
(61.7)
10.0
(50)
3.3
(37.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
6.78
(44.17)
Average low °C (°F) −13.9
(7)
−13.4
(7.9)
−6.9
(19.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
5.2
(41.4)
10.5
(50.9)
15.3
(59.5)
17.1
(62.8)
11.4
(52.5)
3.7
(38.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
−9.6
(14.7)
1.41
(34.54)
Record low °C (°F) −30.7
(−23.3)
−30.3
(−22.5)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−14.2
(6.4)
−3.8
(25.2)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−25.9
(−14.6)
−30.7
(−23.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 39.5
(1.555)
34.3
(1.35)
49.9
(1.965)
70.3
(2.768)
97.1
(3.823)
70.4
(2.772)
127.4
(5.016)
177.6
(6.992)
162.8
(6.409)
109.6
(4.315)
77.4
(3.047)
52.8
(2.079)
1,069.1
(42.091)
Snowfall cm (inches) 54
(21.3)
57
(22.4)
33
(13)
5
(2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency,New Chitose Aviation Weather Station[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Akagi Sanpei (赤木 三兵?), Journey of Hokkaido Place Names—Notes on Ainu Language Place Names (北海道 地名の旅—アイヌ語地名解 Hokkaidō Chimei no Tabi — Ainugo Chimei Kai?), pp 60 and 79
  2. ^ "Northeast Asia." China Airlines. Retrieved on August 30, 2011. "Sapporo 3F, New Chitose Airport, Bibi, Chitose City 066-0012, Hokkaido, Japan"
  3. ^ "会社概要." Hokkaido Air System. Retrieved on May 19, 2009. "本社事務所 : 千歳市美々新千歳空港ターミナルビル内"
  4. ^ "会社概要." Hokkaido Air System. Retrieved on August 30, 2011. "〒007-0880 札幌市東区丘珠町 丘珠空港内"
  5. ^ "新千歳航空測候所の天気概況" [Weather records at New Chitose Aviation Weather Station] (in Japanese). Japan Meteorological Agency. December 2012. Retrieved December 17, 2012. 

External links[edit]