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Ethnic Groups in Pakistan (Dark Green Area Chitral)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Pakistan||37,8000 (in 2004)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Other Dardic peoples|
The Khowar (Urdu: کھوار), or Khow (Khowar: کھو), are the majority ethnic group of Chitral District in northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. They are also known as Chitrali (Urdu:چترالی) or Sonar. They speak the Khowar language, one of the Dardic languages, also known as Chitrali.
History and culture
Chitrali culture is one that pays heavy emphasis on poetry, song and dance. Chitrali people also have a great respect of law and order. This in contrast to the generally lawless traditions of almost all of the neighbouring regions. Much of this can be attributed to Chitral being a stable kingdom for most of its history, where the rule of law and the will of the ruler came before tribal concepts such as revenge and isolationism.
Because of Chitral's location at the crossroads of Central Asia and South Asia the Chitrali people display a wide variety of cultures, largely depending upon their ancestral ethnic group and family history.
The Chitrali music & musical instruments are very famous in the region. folk singers and reed instrument players have a special respect in the Kho society and a must in their festivities. Mainly used instruments are SurnaiShehnai, Sitar, and reed instruments. The Chitrali sitar is a popular musical instrument in Chitral It is made out of mulberry wood with five steel strings arranged in three courses, the outer ones have double strings, tuned in unison, while the inner course is single. here are few most papular music tone of the area.
- Shishtoo-war (Sauz) is popular folk music played with shehnai on happy occasions mostly on marriages etc.
- Shab-daraaz (Dani) is a sad tone based on heartbroken love poems.
- Ghalhwar is a combination of Dani and Sauz. This is a mixture of fast and classical music played at the starting of a polo match.
- "chitral". Royalark.net. 1937-06-01. Retrieved 2013-04-15.