Chittagong District

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Chittagong
চট্টগ্রাম জেলা
District
Skyline of Chittagong City
Skyline of Chittagong City
Coordinates: 22°20′15″N 91°50′20″E / 22.3375°N 91.8389°E / 22.3375; 91.8389Coordinates: 22°20′15″N 91°50′20″E / 22.3375°N 91.8389°E / 22.3375; 91.8389
Country  Bangladesh
Division Chittagong Division
Area
 • Total 5,282.92 km2 (2,039.75 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 7,616,352
 • Rank 2
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total 43.2%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
 • Summer (DST) BDST (UTC+7)
Website www.chittagong.gov.bd

Chittagong District (Bengali: চট্টগ্রাম জেলা, Chittagong Jela also Chittagong Zila) is a district located in the south-eastern region of Bangladesh. It is a part of the Chittagong Division. The port city of Chittagong, second largest city in Bangladesh, is located in this district.

History[edit]

Because of the natural harbor, Chittagong had been an important location for trade, drawing Arab traders as early as the 9th century CE. The region fell under the rule of kings from Arakan in the 16th and 17th centuries, but later, the Mughal army under Islam Khan conquered Chittagong. During the 17th century, the region also faced a lot of attacks by Portuguese pirates. The Mughals established Chittagong as a district in 1666. The Chittagong Hill Tracts were separated from Chittagong in 1860. After the liberation of Bangladesh, Cox's Bazar was separated into a district in 1984.[1]

Administration[edit]

Administrator of Zila Porishod: M A Salam [1]

Deputy Commissioner (DC): Faiz Ahmed [2]

Subdivisions[edit]

There are 14 Upazilas[2] and 16 Thanas[citation needed] (the latter under Chittagong Municipal area) within Chittagong District.

The upazilas are:

  1. Anwara Upazila
  2. Banshkhali Upazila
  3. Boalkhali Upazila
  4. Chandanaish Upazila
  5. Fatikchhari Upazila
  6. Hathazari Upazila
  7. Lohagara Upazila
  8. Mirsharai Upazila
  9. Patiya Upazila
  10. Rangunia Upazila
  11. Raozan Upazila
  12. Sandwip Upazila
  13. Satkania Upazila
  14. Sitakunda Upazila

The thanas are:

  1. Pahartali Thana
  2. Panchlaish Thana
  3. Chittagong Kotwali Thana
  4. Chandgaon Thana
  5. Bandar Thana
  6. Double Mooring Thana
  7. Halishohor Thana
  8. Karnafuly Thana
  9. Bakoliya Thana
  10. Baizid Thana
  11. Patenga Thana
  12. Khulshi Thana
  13. Bondor
  14. Akbor Sha
  15. EPZ
  16. Chaowkbazar
  17. jorargonj thana

Religion[edit]

Buddhist Temple at Maheshkhali Island in the district of Chittagong in Bangladesh

The district of Chittagong has 13148 mosques, 1025 temples, 535 Buddhist temples and 192 churches. Fakira Mosque in Hathazari, Musa Khan Mosque, Kura Katni Mosque, the 16th century Kala Mosques, Chhuti Khan Mosque, Kadam Mobara Mosque, Andar Killah Mosque, Bakshi Hamid Mosque of Bashkhali, and East Gomdandi Chowdhury Para Old Mosque of Boalkhali are famous mosques in Chittagong. Also Badar Awlia Dargah is a tomb in Chittagong.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mohammad Mahibbullah Siddiqi (2012). "Cox’s Bazar District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ Jasim Uddin Harun (2012). "Chittagong District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 

External links[edit]