Chittoor

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This article is about the city in India. For its namesake district, see Chittoor district.
Not to be confused with Chittor or Chittur or Chittoor (Kochi).
Chittoor
చిత్తూరు
city
Chittoor is located in Andhra Pradesh
Chittoor
Chittoor
Coordinates: 13°12′00″N 79°07′00″E / 13.2000°N 79.1167°E / 13.2000; 79.1167Coordinates: 13°12′00″N 79°07′00″E / 13.2000°N 79.1167°E / 13.2000; 79.1167
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Chittoor
Area rank 24
Elevation 333.75 m (1,094.98 ft)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 517xxx
Telephone code 08572
Vehicle registration AP 03

Chittoor is a municipal corporation and district headquarters located in the Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh, India.[1] It is located on the NH 4 linking major metropolitan cities Bangalore and Chennai. The city has a population of 153,766 and that of the agglomeration is 175,640.[2][3](2011 census) Sri V. Rajendra Prasad is the Municipal Commissioner having occupied the office in February, 2014. Sri V.Ramagopal, I.A.S., is the Collector and District Magistrate.[4]

History[edit]

Pre-history[edit]

The district abounds in several pre-historic sites. The surface finds discovered are assigned to special stages in the progress of civilization. The Palaeolithic tools are discovered at Tirupathi, Sitarampeta, Ellampalle, Mekalavandlapalle, Piler, etc. The Mesolithic tools are discovered at Chinthaparthi, Moratavandlapalle, Aruvandlapalle, Tirupathi etc. Remains of Neolithic tools are unearthed near Bangarupalem only. The existence of megolithic culture was revealed by the discovery of burials at Irulabanda, Bapanatham, Voyalpadu, Sodum, Velkuru, Nyakaneri, Basinikonda, etc.

Political history[edit]

The political history of the district commences with the Mauryas in the 4th century BC. The district of Chittoor was not a homogeneous administrative unit up to 1911. Its component parts were under the control of various principal dynasties at different periods of times, namely, the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Pallavas, Chalukyas of Badami, Rashtrakutas, Cholas, Pandyas, Royal of Vijayanagara, Qutub Shahis, Mughals, Asof Jahis, Marathas, Hyder Ali and Tipu of Mysore, and the British, besides minor dynasties such as the Renande Cholas, Banas, Vaidumbas, Nolambas, Western Gangas, Yadavas, Telugu Cholas, Matlis, Uttama Chola Ganga, Andiyaman, Siyaganga rulers, Nawabs of Kadapa and Arcot. The Zamindars of Karvetinagar, Srikalahasthi, Punganur and Kangundhi also ruled over this district.[5]

Geography[edit]

Chittoor city lies on the banks of Ponnai River at the southernmost part of Andhra Pradesh state. Chittoor is located at the junction of national highway 4 and national highway 18 between Bangalore and Chennai. The famous Tirupati temple and Kanipakam Vinayaka Temple is located close to the city.

The district derives its name from Chittoor, its headquarters town. It is located between the northern latitudes of 37" and 14??8" and between the eastern longitudes 78??33" and 79??55". It is bounded on the east by Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh and Trivuvallur and Vellore Districts of Tamil Nadu, on the west by Kolar and Chikkaballapur Districts of Karnataka, on the North Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh and on the south by Dharmapuri District of Tamil Nadu. In respect of area it takes the eighth place with an area of 15,150 Square Kilometers which accounts for 5.51 percent of the total area of the state. The general elevation of the mountainous part of the district is 2500 feet above sea level. The Chennai & Bangalore cities are located in 150 km. and 165 km. respectively to Chittoor Town.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Telugu is the official language and also the most widely spoken language in Chittoor city as well the district. Chittoor has a population of 353,766[7] and has a sex ratio of 1000:1002 as compared to a ratio of 1000:992 in the state, as of 2011 census.[8] The literacy rate of the City is 90.60%.[9] Chittoor was upgraded as municipal corporation in 2011. Red Cross Street is one of the widest, Greenary Road in Chittoor[10]

Economy[edit]

Chittoor is the district capital and houses many district level government institutions.

Chittoor is predominantly an agro-market place and a major market for mango, grain, sugarcane, and peanut. Other industries include oilseed, poultry and milk. Tomato farming contributing over 20% of the State's production. Ground nut is the most major commercial crop in the district followed by sugarcane and the major horticulture crop of mangoes. 2nd largest milk producing district with its expansive diary industries. In the field of Dairy, the district stood first in the state. The district is famous also for textile industries like that of Silk with 13000 power looms providing employment 40000 workers. Granite industry famous for its black, pink and grey granites.[11]

Notable places[edit]

  • Ram Vilas Sabha, oldest drama club in Andhra Pradesh
  • Premala Talkies, constructed in 1941 and the first cinema theatre in Rayalaseema region
  • Talakona is a shooting spot and home for the beatific waterfalls which are located about 20 km of western side of Tirupati near Erravaripalem.
  • Sri Veera Vijaya Anjaneya Swamy temple located in D.P Palayam village 20 Kilo Meters from Chittoor. Frequent Buses are available from APSRTC that ply towards Gudiyattam and Private Services to reach Paradarami. From Paradarami number of auto Services and APSRTC and private buses are available to reach the temple.
  • Horseley Hills, the famous summer hill resort from the Times of British reign.
  • Elephant corridor in making in Seshachala hill range & Koundinya.
  • The world Famous and richest Hindu temple in the world on the Hills of Tirumala, in Tirupathi.
  • The famous Shiva temple in Srikalahasti known as Dakshina Kailasam.
  • The famous Swayambu Vinayaka temple at Kanipakam popular for the mystical increase in the size of the deity's idol and its gradual rise from the well it resides in.
  • National Atmospheric Research Lab (NARL) at Gadanki near Tirupathi.[12]

Notable educational institutions[edit]

Little Flower English Medium School, B.Z. High School, Municipal Elementary School, Mittoor Government High School, Palamaner Road, Chitoor, Next to DEO's Office. P.C.R Government Jr. College, Kannan Government Jr. College, P.V.K.N.Arts and Science College, B.V.Reddy Higher Secondary School, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering & Technology (SVCET) Sri Venkateswara College of Pharmacy (SVCOP) Srinivasa Institute of Technology and Management Studies (SITAMS)

Politics[edit]

Chittoor is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh.

Assembly: list of elected members:[13]

  • 1955 – P. Chinnamma Reddy (Indian National Congress)
  • 1967 – D. Anjineyulu Naidu (Indian National Congress)
  • 1972 – D. Anjineyulu Naidu (Indian National Congress)
  • 1973 - Srinivasulu Naidu (Indira Congress)
  • 1978 – N.P.Venkateswara Chowdary (Indira Congress)
  • 1983 – Jhansi Laxmi (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 1985 – R. Gopinathan (Indira Congress)
  • 1989 – C K Jayachandra Reddy (C K Babu) (Independent)
  • 1994 – C K Jayachandra Reddy (C K Babu) (Indira Congress)
  • 1999 – C K Jayachandra Reddy (C K Babu) (Indira Congress)
  • 2004 – A.S.Manohar (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 2009 – C K Jayachandra Reddy (C K Babu) (Indira Congress)
  • 2014 - D. A. SATHYA PRABHA (Telugu Desam Party)

Parliament: list of elected members:[14]

  • 1972 - Polakala Narasimha Reddy (Indian National Congress)
  • 1977 – Paturi Rajagopala Naidu (Indian National Congress)
  • 1980 – Paturi Rajagopala Naidu (Indian National Congress)
  • 1984 – Jhansi Laxmi (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 1989 – Gnanendra Reddy (Indira Congress)
  • 1991 – Gnanendra Reddy (Indira Congress)
  • 1996 – N Ramakrishna Reddy (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 1998 – N Ramakrishna Reddy (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 1999 – N Ramakrishna Reddy (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 2004 – D K Aadikesavalu (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 2009 – N Siva Prasad (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 2014 - N Siva Prasad (Telugu Desam Party)

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]