Chiusaforte

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chiusaforte
Comune
Comune di Chiusaforte
Chiusaforte 08092007 25.jpg
Chiusaforte is located in Italy
Chiusaforte
Chiusaforte
Location of Chiusaforte in Italy
Coordinates: 46°24′N 13°19′E / 46.400°N 13.317°E / 46.400; 13.317Coordinates: 46°24′N 13°19′E / 46.400°N 13.317°E / 46.400; 13.317
Country Italy
Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Province Province of Udine (UD)
Frazioni Saletto, Sella Nevea
Area
 • Total 100.6 km2 (38.8 sq mi)
Population (Dec. 2004)
 • Total 792[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 33010
Dialing code 0433

Chiusaforte (Slovene: Kluže, German: Klausen) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Geography[edit]

Road and railway bridges crossing the Fella River

It is located about 90 kilometres (56 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Udine, on the border with Slovenia. Chiusaforte is situated in the Canal del Ferro valley of the Fella River, running between the Carnic and Julian Alps to its confluence with the Tagliamento.

The municipality of Chiusaforte contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Saletto and Sella Nevea.

Chiusaforte borders the following municipalities: Dogna, Malborghetto Valbruna, Moggio Udinese, Bovec (Slovenia), Resia, Resiutta, Tarvisio.

The Fella Valley is the site of Pontebbana railway line from Udine to Tarvisio and the Austrian border. It is also traversed by the parallel Italian Autostrada A23 highway from Palmanova to Tarvisio.

Demographic evolution[edit]

History[edit]

The narrow valley probably had been the site of a Roman Road from Italy to the Noricum province. Ulric von Eppenstein, Patriarch of Aquileia (1086–1121) had a fortress erected to charge tolls to travellers crossing the Alps. The Patriarchs had to defend their territory against the claims raised by the Counts of Görz and the Dukes of Carinthia, until in 1420 the Republic of Venice conquered the Fella Valley up to Pontebba and incorporated it into the Domini di Terraferma.

Annexed by the Habsburg Monarchy according to the 1797 Treaty of Campo Formio it was part of the Austrian Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia from 1815, until it fell with Venetia to the newly established Kingdom of Italy according to the 1866 Treaty of Vienna.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.