|千代田区 · Chiyoda City|
|National Diet Building, Chiyoda, Tokyo|
|• Total||11.64 km2 (4.49 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,912/km2 (10,130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
As of October 2007, the ward has an estimated population of 45,543 and a population density of 3,912 people per km², making it by far the least populated of the special wards. The total area is 11.64 km², of which the Imperial Palace, Hibiya Park, National Museum of Modern Art, and Yasukuni Shrine take up approximately 2.6 km², or 22% of the total area.
Chiyoda consists of the Palace and a surrounding radius of about 1 kilometer. It inherited the name, literally meaning "field of a thousand generations," from Chiyoda Castle (the other name of Edo Castle). Many government institutions, such as the Diet, Prime Minister's residence, and Supreme Court, are located in Chiyoda, as are Tokyo landmarks such as Yasukuni Shrine, Tokyo Station, and the Budokan. Fifteen embassies are located in Chiyoda.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Politics and government
- 4 Cityscape
- 5 Economy
- 6 Attractions
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Points of historical interest
- 9 Education
- 10 Parks and recreation
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The Chiyoda ward was created on March 15, 1947 by the unification of Kanda Ward (the northeast corner of present-day Chiyoda, west of Akihabara) and Kōjimachi Ward (comprising the rest of Chiyoda). It has been a site of a number of historical events.
- In 1860, the assassination of Ii Naosuke took place outside the Sakurada Gate of the Imperial Palace.
- In 1932, assassins attacked and killed prime minister Inukai Tsuyoshi.
- In 1936, an attempted coup d'état, the February 26 Incident, occurred.
- In 1995, members of Aum Shinrikyo carried out the Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway.
Chiyoda is located at the very heart of former Tokyo City in eastern mainland Tokyo. The central area of the ward is furthermore occupied by the Imperial Palace. The east side of the ward, bordering Chūō, is the location of Tokyo Station. The south side, bordering Minato, encompasses Hibiya Park and the National Diet Building. It is almost exclusively occupied by administrations and agencies. The west and northwest are primarily upper class residential; the Yasukuni Shrine is also there. To the north and northeast are several residential neighborhoods and the Akihabara commercial district.
Politics and government
Chiyoda is run by a directly elected mayor and a city assembly of 25 elected members. The current mayor is Masami Ishikawa, an independent.
For the Metropolitan Assembly, Chiyoda forms a single-member electoral district. It had been represented by Liberal Democrats for 50 years until the landslide 2009 election when then 26 year old Democratic newcomer Zenkō Kurishita unseated 70 year old former Metropolitan Assembly president and six term assemblyman, Liberal Democrat Shigeru Uchida. In the 2013 election, no Democrat contested the seat and Uchida won back the district against a Communist and two independents.
For the national House of Representatives, Chiyoda, together with Minato and Shinjuku, forms the prefecture's 1st electoral district since the electoral reform of the 1990s. The district is currently represented by Liberal Democrat Miki Yamada.
- The Embassy of the United Kingdom is in Ichibancho in Chiyoda.
- The Embassy of Belgium has been located in the Kojimachi area since 1902 and at its location in Nibancho since 1928. During the reconstruction project from 2007 to 2009, the Belgian embassy was temporarily in Shibakoen, Minato ward.
- The Embassy of Ireland is located in the Kōjimachi area of Chiyoda.
- The Embassy of Israel is located in Niban-cho in Chiyoda.
On December 31, 2001, Chiyoda had 6,572 buildings which were four stories or taller.
Some of the districts in Chiyoda are actually not inhabited, either because they are parks (Hibiya Koen), because they consist only of office buildings (Otemachi or Marunouchi), and/or because they are extremely small. The area on the eastern side of Akihabara Station is the location of several districts that cover at most a few buildings. Kanda-Hanaokachō is, for example, limited to the Yodobashi Camera department store. Understanding the address system in the Kanda area can be particularly troublesome for non-locals.
- Kōjimachi Area (麹町地区), former Kōjimachi Ward (Kōjimachi-ku)
- The Banchō area (actually consisting of six neighborhoods, from Ichibancho to Rokubanchō), an upper class residential area, home of the embassies of Belgium, the UK and Israel.
- Chiyoda - "1 Chiyoda, Chiyoda-ku" is the official address of the Imperial Palace
- Fujimi, location of the Philippines embassy as well as several schools
- Hayabusachō - Houses the Supreme Court of Japan and the National Theater
- Hibiya Kōen - Address for Hibiya Park, a large park south of the Imperial Palace
- Kasumigaseki - The nerve center of Japan's administrative agencies
- Kioichō - The name, ki-o-i, is a three-kanji acronym consisting of one kanji each from the names of the Kishū Domain, Owari Domain, and Ii clan, whose daimyo residences were here during the Edo period
- Kitanomaru Kōen, location of Kitanomaru Park, North of the imperial palace, location of the Budokan
- Kōjimachi - Older residential and commercial neighborhood on the west side of the Imperial Palace, home to the embassy of Ireland
- Kōkyo Gaien - large open gardens in front of the Imperial palace
- Kudanminami and Kudankita (九段北) districts, around the station of Kudanshita - Northwest side of the Imperial Palace, home to Yasukuni Shrine.
- Marunouchi - Located between Tokyo Station and the Imperial Palace, one of Tokyo's traditional commercial centers
- Nagatachō - The location of the Diet of Japan; also houses the Hie Shrine
- Ōtemachi - North of Marunouchi, a district of key financial Japanese institutions and major national newspapers
- Uchisaiwaichō, close to the Hibiya Park, location of the Imperial Hotel, as well as head offices of banks (especially Mizuho Financial Group).
- Yūrakuchō - South of Marunouchi, part of the Tokyo Station business district.
- Kanda Area (神田地区), former Kanda Ward (Kanda-ku). Soto-Kanda, at the northern corner of the ward, home to the famous Akihabara electronics district.
The list below consists of the many smaller neighborhoods of the Kanda area, for which a modernization of the addressing system has not been enforced yet. All officially start with the prefix "Kanda-", but it is sometimes omitted in daily life. Note that Iwamotochō and Kanda-Iwamotochō are different districts (as is the case for Kajichō and Kanda-Kajichō)
On October 1, 2001, Chiyoda had 36,233 business establishments with 888,149 employees.
Bungeishunjū, Calbee, Creatures Inc., Datam Polystar, HAL Laboratory, Hakusensha, Jaleco, The Japan FM Network Company, Japan Freight Railway Company, Japan Post Holdings, KDDI, Konica Minolta, Mitsubishi Estate, MCDecaux, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Mizuho Financial Group, New Otani, NTT docomo, Stack Ltd. (0verflow), Seibu Kaihatsu, Seven & i Holdings, Shogakukan, Shueisha, Sony Music Entertainment Japan, Toho, Tokio Marine Nichido, Tokyo FM, Yamazaki Baking Company (incl. Vie de France), and Yomiuri Shimbun are headquartered in Chiyoda. Mazda has an office in Chiyoda.
Foreign companies with Japanese divisions in Chiyoda include Aeroméxico, AMI Japan (subsidiary of American Megatrends), Chloé Japan, Hewlett-Packard Japan, LVMH, Ropes & Gray, Sidley Austin, Sunoco, and Swiss International Airlines.
Japanese companies which formerly had their headquarters in Chiyoda include All Nippon Airways, Bandai Visual, Galaxy Airlines, Japan Airlines, Japan Asia Airways, Mitsui Chemicals, Nippon Cargo Airlines, Taito Corporation, and Yamato Life. In 1998 Fujitsu operated a branch office in Chiyoda. Prior to its disestablishment, At one point Cantor Fitzgerald had an office in Chiyoda.
- Hibiya Park
- Imperial Palace
- National Diet Building
- Nippon Budokan
- Tokyo International Forum
- Tokyo Station
- Tokyo Takarazuka Theater
Home to the massive Tokyo station with a multitude of subways, railways and long-distance services.
Points of historical interest
Primary and secondary schools
As of May 1, 2003, Chiyoda has eight elementary schools, with 2,647 students, and five junior high schools with 1,123 students. Public elementary and junior high schools in Chiyoda are operated by the Chiyoda Board of Education. Public high schools are operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education.
Colleges and universities
Hitotsubashi University's Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy is located in the National Center of Sciences in Hitotsubashi.
Both of the Sophia University Campuses are in western Chiyoda. The main Yotsuya campus lies adjacent to Yotsuya Station and the Ichigaya Campus just south of Ichigaya Station. Globis University Graduate School of Management which is the largest business school in Japan is also located in Chiyoda.
Chiyoda operates four public libraries; they are the Chiyoda Library, Yobancho Library, Shohei Library, and Kanda Library. Tokyo operates the Tokyo Metropolitan Library Hibiya Library. The Japanese government operates the National Diet Library and the National Archives. Ishikawa Enterprise Foundation Ochanomizu Library is a nearby private library.
Parks and recreation
East Imperial Garden, located on the eastern portion of the Tokyo Imperial Palace grounds and housing the castle tower and the outer defense positions of the former Edo Castle, opened to the public in 1968. Kitanomaru Kōen, located on Edo Castle's former northern section, has the Tokyo National Museum of Modern Art and the Nippon Budokan, a venue for performances. Chidorigafuchi Boat Arena and Chidorigafuchi Moat Path includes a waterway for boats. National Diet Building Park, located adjacent to the Diet Building and divided in two by a street, includes American dogwoods planted to symbolize the relations between the United States and Japan. Hibiya Park, Japan's first western-style park, includes restaurants, open-air concert halls, and tennis courts. Imperial Palace Outer Garden, in the front of Nijubashi Bridge, serves as a jogging trail and a tourist site.
- "Profile." City of Chiyoda. Retrieved on December 28, 2008.
- 47 News/Kyōdō Tsūshin, July 12, 2009: 自民都連幹事長が落選 要職歴任の内田茂氏
- "Website Policy." Tokyo Fire Department. Retrieved on May 16, 2010.
- "Contact us." Embassy of the United Kingdom in Japan. Retrieved on December 28, 2008.
- "Welcome." Embassy of Belgium in Tokyo. Retrieved on December 28, 2008.
- "Ireland in Japan." Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved on December 28, 2008.
- "Welcome to the website of the Israel Embassy in Tokyo." Israel Diplomatic Network. Retrieved on December 28, 2008.
- "会社概要." Bungeishunjū. Retrieved on October 1, 2009.
- "Corporate Information." Calbee. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
- "Company." Creatures Inc. Retrieved on October 4, 2010.
- "About Us." Datam Polystar. Retrieved on December 28, 2008.
- "Company". Retrieved 2007-09-17.
- "Corporate Profile." Hakusensha. Retrieved on October 1, 2009.
- "Company Outline." Jaleco. Retrieved on August 10, 2010.
- "Company Outline". The Japan FM Network Company.
- "Corporate Overview." Japan Freight Railway Company. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
- "About Japan Post." Japan Post Holdings. Retrieved on April 24, 2010.
- "Corporate Data." KDDI. Retrieved on February 21, 2010.
- "Company Overview." Konica Minolta. Retrieved on May 12, 2009.
- "Corporate Data." Mitsubishi Estate. Retrieved on March 7, 2010.
- "会社概要." MCDecaux. Retrieved on September 28, 2011. "本社 〒101-0054 東京都千代田区神田錦町3-23 西本興産錦町ビル5・6F"
- "About MUFG." Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
- "Map." Mizuho Financial Group. Retrieved on December 28, 2008.
- "Hotel Overview." New Otani. Retrieved on April 3, 2009.
- "Headquarters Location." NTT docomo. Retrieved on March 7, 2010.
- "About Us" (in Japanese). Stack Ltd. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
- セイブ開発 office
- "Office Map." Seven & i Holdings. Retrieved on January 13, 2009.
- "所在地." Shogakukan. Retrieved on October 1, 2009.
- "会社案内." Shueisha. Retrieved on October 1, 2009.
- Sony Music Entertainment Japan Profile. Sony Music Entertainment Japan.Retrieved March 16, 2012.
- "会社の沿革." Toho. Retrieved on February 26, 2010. "2005年4月 東宝本社を東宝日比谷ビル（東京都千代田区有楽町一丁目2－2）に移転。"
- "Corporate Profile." Tokio Marine Nichido. Retrieved on July 24, 2011. "Address of Head Office 2-1 Marunouchi 1-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo"
- "Company Profile." Yamazaki Baking Company Limited. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
- "会社概要." Vie de France. Retrieved on May 18, 2009.
- "組織体制." Yomiuri Shimbun. Retrieved on March 5, 2010.
- "Offices." Mazda. Retrieved on October 29, 2009.
- "com03.jpg." Aeroméxico. Retrieved on October 13, 2010.
- "International Offices." American Megatrends. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
- "Chloé Offices." Chloé. Retrieved on 23 August 2009.
- "Headquarters." Hewlett Packard. Retrieved on July 23, 2009.
- "LVMH Dans le Monde."LVMH. Retrieved on June 20, 2011.
- "Tokyo."Retrieved on March 15, 2011.
- "Tokyo."Retrieved on December 17, 2009.
- "Company Details." Sunoco Japan. Retrieved on November 10, 2008.
- "SWISS worldwide offices." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on July 5, 2010.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 30, 1985. 50." Retrieved on June 17, 2009.
- "History." Bandai Visual. Retrieved on March 16, 2010.
- "会社概要." Galaxy Airlines. May 1, 2006. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
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- "What's New." Mitsui Chemicals. June 5, 2001. Retrieved on February 18, 2010.
- "Chapter 3. On the path to becoming a member of the incumbent carrier group." Nippon Cargo Airlines. 59. Retrieved on February 18, 2010.
- "Company Outline." Taito Corporation. January 11, 1998. Retrieved on January 30, 2011 "Head Office 2-5-3 Hirakawa-cho,Chiyoda-ku,Tokyo 102,JAPAN." Address in Japanese: "東京都千代田区平河町二丁目５番３号"
- "会社概要." Yamato Life. February 5, 2005. Retrieved on January 20, 2010.
- "Company Profile." Fujitsu. January 19, 1998. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
- "office locations." Cantor Fitzgerald. March 4, 2000. Retrieved on October 4, 2009.
- "Parks in Chiyoda." City of Chiyoda. Retrieved on December 28, 2008.
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