Chiyonoyama Masanobu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chiyonoyama Masanobu
千代の山 雅信
Chiyonoyama Masanobu.jpg
Personal information
Born Masaharu Sugimura
(1926-06-02)June 2, 1926
Fukushima, Hokkaidō, Japan
Died October 29, 1977(1977-10-29) (aged 51)
Height 1.90 m (6 ft 3 in)
Weight 122 kg (269 lb)
Career
Stable Dewanoumi
Record 403-158-147 (2 draws)
Debut January 1942
Highest rank Yokozuna (May 1951)
Retired January 1959
Championships 6 (Makuuchi)
2 (Jūryō)
Special Prizes Outstanding Performance (1)
Fighting Spirit (1)
Gold Stars 3 (Haguroyama, Terukuni,
Maedayama)
* Up to date as of July 2007.

Chiyonoyama Masanobu (千代の山 雅信, June 2, 1926 - October 29, 1977) was a sumo wrestler from Fukushima, Hokkaidō, Japan. He was the sport's 41st yokozuna. He was also the founder of Kokonoe stable.

Career[edit]

The son of a fisherman, he joined Dewanoumi stable in January 1942. He injured his knee in his first tournament, an injury that was to trouble him for the rest of his career.[1] He reached the second highest jūryō division in November 1944 and made his debut in the top makuuchi division in November 1945. In his first tournament he won all ten of his bouts but was denied the championship as in the absence of any playoff system in the event of a tie, it was simply awarded to the wrestler higher in rank (in this case, Yokozuna Haguroyama).[2] In May 1949 he defeated three yokozuna, finishing with a 12-3 record, and was promoted to ōzeki. He won two consecutive championships in October 1949 and January 1950 but was denied promotion to yokozuna as the Sumo Association felt he was rather young at twenty three and with his second championship being "only" a 12-3 they wanted to wait until they were sure he was ready.[1] He was eventually promoted in May 1951 after winning his third championship with a 14-1 record. He is the first yokozuna to be promoted without being awarded a licence by the house of Yoshida Tsukasa. During his yokozuna career he missed many bouts through injury and in 1953 even asked to be demoted back to ōzeki so he could start over again. The Sumo Association refused this unprecedented request.[2] Chiyonoyama finally took his first championship as a yokozuna in January 1955 and won two more thereafter, in March 1955 and January 1957. He announced his retirement in January 1959.

Retirement from sumo[edit]

Chiyonoyama had expected to take over as head coach of Dewanoumi stable after the death of the former boss Tsunenohana in 1960, but he lost a succession battle to former maegashira Dewanohana. After yokozuna Sadanoyama married Dewanohana's daughter, Chiyonoyama realised he had no chance to take over and so asked to leave and set up his own stable. This was allowed on the condition that he also leave the Dewanoumi ichimon (group of stables).[2] In March 1967 he set up Kokonoe stable, taking ōzeki (later yokozuna) Kitanofuji and nine other recruits with him. In 1970 future yokozuna Chiyonofuji, also from Fukushima, Hokkaidō, joined the stable. Chiyonoyama died of liver cancer aged fifty one in 1977.

Pre-modern top division record[edit]

  • Through most of the 1940s, only two tournaments were held a year, and only one was held in 1946. The New Year tournament began and the Spring tournament returned to Osaka in 1953.
Chiyonoyama[3]
- Spring
Haru basho, Tokyo
Summer
Natsu basho, Tokyo
Autumn
Aki basho, Tokyo
1945 Not held East Jūryō #2
6–1
Champion

 
East Maegashira #10
10–0
 
1946 Not held Not held East Maegashira #1
10–3
 
1947 Not held East Yokozuna #1
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
West Maegashira #1
8–3
1948 Not held West Sekiwake #1
4–6–1draw
 
West Maegashira #1
8–3
F
1949 West Sekiwake #1
8–5
 
East Sekiwake #1
12–3
O
West Ōzeki #1
13–2
 
1950 East Ōzeki #1
12–3
 
East Ōzeki #1
9–6
 
East Ōzeki #1
11–4
 
1951 East Ōzeki #1
8–7
 
East Ōzeki #1
14–1
 
West Yokozuna #2
9–6
 
1952 West Yokozuna #2
13–2
 
West Yokozuna #1
10–5
 
West Yokozuna #1
11–4
 
- New Year
Hatsu basho, Tokyo
Spring
Haru basho, Osaka
Summer
Natsu basho, Tokyo
Autumn
Aki basho, Tokyo
1953 East Yokozuna #1
4–4–7
 
East Yokozuna #2
1–5–9
 
East Yokozuna #2
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
West Yokozuna #2
11–4
 
1954 West Yokozuna #1
10–5
 
East Yokozuna #2
10–5
 
West Yokozuna #1
12–3
 
East Yokozuna #1
12–3
 
1955 East Yokozuna #1
12–3–P
 
East Yokozuna #1
13–2–P
 
East Yokozuna #1
8–7
 
East Yokozuna #2
10–4–1draw
 
1956 West Yokozuna #1
4–1–10
 
West Yokozuna #2
8–7
 
West Yokozuna #2
11–4
 
East Yokozuna #1
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Retired Lower Divisions

Sanshō key: F=Fighting spirit; O=Outstanding performance; T=Technique     Also shown: =Kinboshi(s); P=Playoff(s)
Divisions: MakuuchiJūryōMakushitaSandanmeJonidanJonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks: YokozunaŌzekiSekiwakeKomusubiMaegashira

Modern top division record[edit]

  • Since the addition of the Kyushu tournament in 1957 and the Nagoya tournament in 1958, the yearly schedule has remained unchanged.
Year in sumo January
Hatsu basho, Tokyo
March
Haru basho, Osaka
May
Natsu basho, Tokyo
July
Nagoya basho, Nagoya
September
Aki basho, Tokyo
November
Kyūshū basho, Fukuoka
1957 West Yokozuna #2
15–0
 
East Yokozuna #1
10–5
 
East Yokozuna #2
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
Not held West Yokozuna #2
5–8–2
 
West Yokozuna #2
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
1958 West Yokozuna #2
12–3
 
East Yokozuna #1
12–3
 
East Yokozuna #1
12–3
 
West Yokozuna #1
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
East Yokozuna #2
1–4–10
 
East Yokozuna #2
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
1959 East Yokozuna #2
Retired
3–3–9
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Retired Lower Divisions

Sanshō key: F=Fighting spirit; O=Outstanding performance; T=Technique     Also shown: =Kinboshi(s); P=Playoff(s)
Divisions: MakuuchiJūryōMakushitaSandanmeJonidanJonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks: YokozunaŌzekiSekiwakeKomusubiMaegashira

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kuroda, Joe (December 2005). "Rikishi of Old". sumofanmag.com. Retrieved 2007-07-04. 
  2. ^ a b c Sharnoff, Lora (1993). Grand Sumo. Weatherhill. ISBN 0-8348-0283-X. 
  3. ^ "Chiyonoyama Masanobu Rikishi Information". Sumo Reference. Retrieved 2007-07-15. 

External links[edit]

Previous:
Azumafuji Kin'ichi
41st Yokozuna
1951 - 1959
Next:
Kagamisato Kiyoji
Yokozuna is not a successive rank, and more than one wrestler can share the title