Shilha people

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Shilha (Chleuh)
Icelḥiyen
Chleuh (Suss) Berbers in Morocco
Total population
approx. 5,000,000[when?]
Regions with significant populations
Morocco - Atlas Mountains, Souss Valley
Languages
Shilha-Berber
Religion
Predominantly Muslim, Jewish and Christian minority
Related ethnic groups
Berbers
Person

ašəlḥi (m), tašəlḥiyt (f)

People

išəlḥiyn

Language

tašəlḥiyt

The Shilha people (Berber native name: Acelḥi [ašəlḥi], pl. Icelḥiyen [išəlḥiyn]), known in French as Chleuh (in English spelled also Shleuh or Shluh) are a Berber ethnic group in Morocco.[1] They live mainly in Morocco's Atlas Mountains and Souss Valley. The Shilha population is estimated to be approximately 5 million.[2] They speak the Shilha language in several regional varieties. The indigenous peoples of the central Moroccan coast, noted by the early Phoenician explorers, would have been the Chleuh. The first millennium voyages of Hanno described the Phoenicians' methods of peacefully trading with the native peoples of the Mogador area.[3]

The Shilha are associated with Berber music and dance.

Through a process of linguistic transference, from the period of French colonial rule in North Africa, the name "Chleuh" also came to be a French pejorative term for Germans (see: List of terms used for Germans#France).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Shluh", Encyclopædia Britannica online, 2008, webpage: EB-Shluh.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan, Mogador: promontory fort, The Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham, Nov. 2, 2007, webpage: Megalithic-17926.

References[edit]

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