|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||354.31 g mol−1|
|Melting point||207 to 209 °C; 405 to 408 °F; 480 to 482 K|
|S-phrases||S24 S25 S28 S37 S45|
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is a natural chemical compound which is the ester of caffeic acid and (-)-quinic acid. It is an important biosynthetic intermediate. Chlorogenic acid is an important intermediate in lignin biosynthesis. This compound, known as an antioxidant, may also slow the release of glucose into the bloodstream after a meal.
Chlorogenic acids contain no chlorine. The name comes from the Greek χλωρός (light green) and -γένος (a suffix meaning "giving rise to"), because of the green color produced when chlorogenic acids are oxidized.
Isomers of chlorogenic acid include 4-O-caffeoylquinic acid (cryptochlorogenic acid or 4-CQA), 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (neochlorogenic acid or 5-CQA). The epimer at position 1 has not yet been reported.
Isomers containing two caffeic acid molecules are called isochlorogenic acid. It can be found in coffee. There are several isomers such as 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid Cynarine (1,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid) is an other isomer with two caffeic acid molecules..
Isomers of chlorogenic acid are found in potatoes.
Chlorogenic acid can be found in bamboo Phyllostachys edulis. as well as in many other plants. It is one of the major phenolic compounds identified in peach and in prunes. It also is one of the phenols found in green coffee bean extract.
Chlorogenic acid is marketed under the tradename Svetol, a standardized green coffee extract, as a food additive used in coffee products, chewing gum, and mints, and also as a stand-alone product. Dried sunflower leaves collected immediately after opening are processed into 98.38% chlorogenic acid extract and marketed in Bulgaria under the name of "Yamiagra"or "Yummyiagra".
One study showed that chlorogenic acid may have weak psychostimulant effects in mice.
Another study showed chlorogenic acid to have a protective effect in neuroinflammatory conditions on dopaminergic neurons.
- Boerjan, Wout; Ralph, John; Baucher, Marie (2003). "Lignin biosynthesis". Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 54: 519–46. doi:10.1146/annurev.arplant.54.031902.134938. PMID 14503002.
- Johnston, K. L.; Clifford, M. N.; Morgan, L. M. (October 2003). "Coffee acutely modifies gastrointestinal hormone secretion and glucose tolerance in humans: glycemic effects of chlorogenic acid and caffeine". Am. J. Clin. Nutrit. 78 (4): 728–733. PMID 14522730.
- Clifford, M. N.; Johnston, K. L.; Knigh, S.; Kuhnert, N. (2003). "Hierarchical Scheme for LC-MSn Identification of Chlorogenic Acids". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51 (10): 2900–2911. doi:10.1021/jf026187q. PMID 12720369.
- Clifford, M. N. (1999). "Chlorogenic acids and other cinnamates – nature, occurrence and dietary burden". J. Sci. Food Agr. 79 (3): 362–372. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(19990301)79:3<362::AID-JSFA256>3.0.CO;2-D.
- Isochlorogenic Acid. Isolation from Coffee and Structure Studies. H. M. Barnes, J. R. Feldman and W. V. White, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1950, volume 72, issue 9, pages 4178–4182, doi:10.1021/ja01165a095
- Corse, J.; Lundin, R. E.; Waiss, A. C. (May 1965). "Identification of several components of isochlorogenic acid". Phytochem. 4 (3): 527–529. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)86209-3.
- Mendel Friedman (1997). "Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Dietary Role of Potato Polyphenols. A Review". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 45 (5): pp 1523–1540. doi:10.1021/jf960900s.
- Kweon, Mee-Hyang; Hwang, Han-Joon; Sung, Ha-Chin (2001). "Identification and Antioxidant Activity of Novel Chlorogenic Acid Derivatives from Bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis)". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 49 (20): 4646–46552. doi:10.1021/jf010514x.
- Clifford, M. N. (2003). "14. The analysis and characterization of chlorogenic acids and other cinnamates". In C. Santos-Buelga & G. Williamson (Eds.). Methods in Polyphenol Analysis. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry. pp. 314–337. ISBN 0-85404-580-5.
- Cheng, G. W.; Crisosto, C. H. (September 1995). "Browning Potential, Phenolic Composition, and Polyphenoloxidase Activity of Buffer Extracts of Peach and Nectarine Skin Tissue". J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 120 (5): 835–838.
- Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis, M; Bowen, PE; Hussain, EA; Damayanti-Wood, BI; Farnsworth, NR (2001). "Chemical composition and potential health effects of prunes: a functional food?". Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 41 (4): 251–86. doi:10.1080/20014091091814. PMID 11401245.
- Igho Onakpoya, Rohini Terry, and Edzard Ernst (2010). "The Use of Green Coffee Extract as a Weight Loss Supplement: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Clinical Trials". Complementary Medicine: 1.
- Jalal, Mahbubul A.F.; Read, David J.; Haslam, E. (1982). "Phenolic composition and its seasonal variation in Calluna vulgaris". Phytochem. 21 (6): 1397–1401. doi:10.1016/0031-9422(82)80150-7.
- Zhao, Y.; Wang, J.; Ballevre, O.; Luo, H.; Zhang, W. (2011). "Antihypertensive effects and mechanisms of chlorogenic acids.". Hypertens Res. 35 (4): 370–4. doi:10.1038/hr.2011.195.
- Freedman, Samuel O.; Shulman, Robert; Krupey, John; Sehon, A.H. (1964). "Antigenic properties of chlorogenic acid". J. Allergy 35 (2): 97–107. doi:10.1016/0021-8707(64)90023-1.
- "Effects of chlorogenic acid and its metabolites on spontaneous locomotor activity in mice.". Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 70 (10): 2560–3. 2006. PMID 17031047.
- "Chlorogenic acid inhibits LPS-induced microglial activation and improves survival of dopaminergic neurons.". Brain Res Bull 88 (5): 487–94. 2012. doi:10.1016/j.brainresbull.2012.04.010. PMID 22580132.