Chlorophytum

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Chlorophytum
ChlorophytumCapense.jpg
Chlorophytum comosum 'Vittatum'
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Chlorophytum
Ker Gawl.
Synonyms[1]
  • Hartwegia Nees
  • Hollia Heynh.
  • Schidospermum Griseb. in W.Lechler
  • Asphodelopsis Steud. ex Baker
  • Acrospira Welw. ex Baker
  • Dasystachys Baker 1878, illegitimate homonym, not Oerst. 1859
  • Debesia Kuntze
  • Verdickia De Wild.

Chlorophytum /ˌklɒrɵˈftəm/[2] is a genus of about 190-odd species of evergreen perennial flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae,[3] native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia.

They grow to 10–60 cm tall, with a rosette of long, slender leaves 15–75 cm long and 0.5–2 cm broad, growing from a thick, fleshy rhizome. The flowers are small, usually white, produced on sparse panicles up to 120 cm long; in some species the panicle also bears plantlets, which take root on touching the ground.

Chlorophytum comosum, also called the Spider Plant, a native of South Africa, is a very popular houseplant in its variegated form 'Vittatum'.

Chlorophytum borivilianum is a native of India, used and grown as a medicinal plant.

Species[edit]

The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognized 191 species as of January 2013:[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  3. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Agavoideae 
  4. ^ Search for "Chlorophytum", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2013-01-07 

External links[edit]