Chlorophytum

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Spider Plant
ChlorophytumCapense.jpg
Chlorophytum comosum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Chlorophytum
Ker Gawl.[1]
Type species
Chlorophytum inornatum
Ker Gawl.
Synonyms[2]
  • Hartwegia Nees
  • Hollia Heynh.
  • Schidospermum Griseb. in W.Lechler
  • Asphodelopsis Steud. ex Baker
  • Acrospira Welw. ex Baker
  • Dasystachys Baker 1878, illegitimate homonym, not Oerst. 1859
  • Debesia Kuntze
  • Verdickia De Wild.

Chlorophytum /ˌklɒrɵˈftəm/[3] (common name Spider Plant), is a genus of almost 200 species of evergreen perennial flowering plants in the century plant subfamily within the asparagus family.[4] The plants are native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Australia, and Asia.[2][5][6][7]

They grow to 10–60 cm tall, with a rosette of long, slender leaves 15–75 cm long and 0.5–2 cm broad, growing from a thick, fleshy rhizome. The flowers are small, usually white, produced on sparse panicles up to 120 cm long; in some species the plants also reproduce vegetatively by means of plantlets, tiny plants that take root on touching the ground.[3]

Chlorophytum comosum, the common Spider Plant, a native of South Africa, is a very popular houseplant especially in its variegated form 'Vittatum'. It is commonly grown in hanging pots suspended by ropes or wires in bright sunlight.[3]

Chlorophytum borivilianum is a native of India, used and grown as a medicinal plant.

Species, subspecies, and varieties[edit]

The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognized 191 species as of January 2013:[2]

References[edit]

External links[edit]