|Jmol-3D images||Image 1
|Molar mass||156.61 g mol−1|
|Melting point||114 to 116 °C; 237 to 241 °F; 387 to 389 K|
|GHS signal word||WARNING|
|GHS hazard statements||H302, H315, H317, H319|
|GHS precautionary statements||P280, P305+351+338|
|R-phrases||R22, R36/38, R43|
|S-phrases||(S2), S24, S37|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
Chloroxylenol (4-chloro-3,5-dimethylphenol) is an antimicrobial chemical compound used to control bacteria, algae, and fungi in adhesives, emulsions, paints, and wash tanks. It is also commonly used in antibacterial soaps and household antiseptics such as Dettol liquid and cream, and ointments, such as the now discontinued Medicated Vaseline. Studies have shown a low anti microbial activity which is enhanced by additives. Its antibacterial action is due to disruption of cell membrane potentials.
Chloroxylenol is not significantly toxic to humans and other mammals, is practically non-toxic to birds, moderately toxic to freshwater invertebrates and highly toxic to fish. It is a mild skin irritant and may trigger allergic reactions in some individuals. Cross sensitivity with chlorocresol is common.
- "chloroxylenol – Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 25 March 2005. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
- Ascenzi, Joseph M. (1996). "Chloroxylenol: an old-new antimicrobial". Handbook of disinfectants and antiseptics. New York: M. Dekker. ISBN 978-0-8247-9524-5.
- Aly, R; Malbach, H (1988). "Comparative antibacterial efficacy of a 2-minute surgical scrub with chlorhexidine gluconate, povidone-iodine, and chloroxylenol sponge-brushes". American Journal of Infection Control 16 (4): 173–7. doi:10.1016/0196-6553(88)90029-6. PMID 3189943.