Chloryl fluoride

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chloryl fluoride
Chloryl fluoride
Identifiers
CAS number 13637-83-7 YesY
PubChem 139523
ChemSpider 123044
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula ClO2F
Molar mass 86.4502 g/mol
Density 3.534 g/L
Melting point −15 °C
Boiling point −6 °C
Related compounds
Related compounds Perchloryl fluoride
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Chloryl fluoride is the chemical compound with the formula ClO2F. It is commonly encountered as side-product in reactions of chlorine fluorides with oxygen sources.[1] It is the acyl fluoride of chloric acid.

Preparation[edit]

ClO2F was first reported by Schmitz and Schumacheb in 1942, who prepared it by the fluorination of ClO2.[2] The compound is more conveniently prepared by treatment of sodium chlorate and chlorine trifluoride and purified by vacuum fractionation, i.e. selectively condensing this species separately from other products. This species is a gas boiling at −6 °C:

6 NaClO3 + 4 ClF3 → 6 ClO2F + 2 Cl2 + 3 O2 + 6 NaF

Structure[edit]

In contrast to O2F2, ClO2F is a pyramidal molecule. This structure is predicted by VSEPR. The differing structures reflects the greater tendency of chlorine to exist in positive oxidation states with oxygen and fluorine ligands. The related Cl-O-F compound perchloryl fluoride, ClO3F, is tetrahedral. The related bromine compound bromyl fluoride (BrO2F) adopts the same structure as ClO2F, whereas iodyl fluoride (IO2F) forms a polymeric substance under standard conditions.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chrisie, K. O.; Wilson, R. D.; Schack, C. J. "Chloryl fluoride" Inorganic Syntheses, 1986, volume 24, pages 3–5. ISBN 0-471-83441-6
  2. ^ Schmitz, H.; Schumacheb, H. J. "Über eine neue Reaktion des Chlordioxyds. Die Bildung einer Verbindung der Formel ClO2F" Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie 1942, Volume 249, pp. 238–244. DOI 10.1002/zaac.19422490302
  3. ^ http://books.google.de/books?id=eGkvSDAqY9gC&pg=PA501&lpg=PA501&dq=bromylfluorid&source=bl&ots=MFP183jTYx&sig=CJYnUlBwqzwPlXA5ALvT4qbss3Y&hl=de&sa=X&ei=Zi6OU_6mJ6aQ4gS7nIDYAQ&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=bromylfluorid&f=false

External links[edit]