Choanozoa ( Greek: = "funnel" + χόανος (choanos) = "animal") is the name of a ζῶον (zōon) phylum of protists that belongs to the line of opisthokonts.
Most appear closer to the animals than to the fungi, and they are of great interest to biologists studying animal origins.
nucleariids seem to be a sister group to the fungi, and as such tend to be excluded from the Choanozoa. [1 ]
Choanozoa have been described as possessing a posterior
cilium. [2 ]
Cladogram [ edit ]
The great kingdoms and their close relatives.
Classification [ edit ]
The Choanozoa consist of at least three groups: (1) the
Mesomycetozoea (Ichthyosporea), a group of parasites infecting fish and other animals, (2) a group described in the early 21st century including and Ministeria , which has been named Capsaspora Filasterea after the thread-like tentacles which both genera share, and (3) the choanoflagellates including and Monosiga . Proterospongia [1 ] The position of [4 ] is unclear. Corallochytrium [1 ]
The Choanozoa appear to be a
paraphyletic group which gave rise to the animals. Lang et al. (2002) propose the new name Holozoa for a monophyletic grouping which is, in effect, Choanozoa enlarged or redefined to include animals. [5 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c Shalchian-Tabrizi K, Minge MA, Espelund M, et al (2008). "Multigene phylogeny of choanozoa and the origin of animals". In Aramayo, Rodolfo. PLoS ONE 3 (5): e2098. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002098. PMC 2346548. PMID 18461162.
^ Cavalier‐Smith, T. (2009). "Megaphylogeny, cell body plans, adaptive zones: causes and timing of eukaryote basal radiations". The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology 56 (1): 26–33. doi: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00373.x. PMID 19340985.
^ Phylogeny based on:
Eichinger, L.; Pachebat, J.A.; Glöckner, G.; Rajandream, M.A.; Sucgang, R.; Berriman, M.; Song, J.; Olsen, R.; Szafranski, K.; Xu, Q.; Others, (2005). "The genome of the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum". Nature 435 (7038): 43-57. doi: 10.1038/nature03481.
Steenkamp, E.T.; Wright, J.; Baldauf, S.L. (2006). "The Protistan Origins of Animals and Fungi". Molecular Biology and Evolution 23 (1): 93-106. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msj011.
Cavalier-Smith, T. (2003). Protist phylogeny and the high-level classification of Protozoa, Europ. J. Protistol. 39, 338-348.
^ Lang B.F., O'Kelly C., Nerad T., Gray M.W., Burger G. (October 2002). "The closest unicellular relatives of animals". Current Biology 12 (20): 1773–78. doi: 10.1016/S0960-9822(02)01187-9. PMID 12401173.