Choapa Province

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Choapa
Province
Official seal of Choapa
Seal
Location in the Coquimbo Region
Location in the Coquimbo Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Choapa
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 31°40′S 71°00′W / 31.667°S 71.000°W / -31.667; -71.000Coordinates: 31°40′S 71°00′W / 31.667°S 71.000°W / -31.667; -71.000
Country Chile
Region Coquimbo
Capital Illapel
Communes
Government
 • Type Provincial
 • Governor Guisela Mateluna Gamboa
Area[1]
 • Total 10,131.6 km2 (3,911.8 sq mi)
Population (2012 Census)[1]
 • Total 82,857
 • Density 8.2/km2 (21/sq mi)
 • Urban 49,118
 • Rural 32,563
Sex[1]
 • Men 41,578
 • Women 40,103
Time zone CLT [2] (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST [3] (UTC-3)
Area code(s) 56 + 53
Website Government of Choapo

Choapa Province is one of the provinces making up the Coquimbo Region of Chile. It has an area of 10,079.8 km² and a population of 81,681. The capital of the province is the town of Illapel. The current governor is Gisella Mateluna Gambo.

The province is divided into four communes (comunas) administered by four municipalities:

Geography and demography[edit]

According to the 2002 census by the National Statistics Institute (INE), the province spans an area of 10,131.6 km2 (3,912 sq mi)[1] and had a population of 81,681 inhabitants (41,578 men and 40,103 women), giving it a population density of 8.1/km2 (21/sq mi). Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population grew by 4.6% (3,603 persons).[1]

Choapa Valley wine region[edit]

The Choapa Valley is located 400 km (250 mi) north of Santiago, in the southern part of the Region of Coquimbo, and is named after the province of “Choapa”.

This area is within the narrowest part of Chile, where the Andes meet the Coastal range. The small valley consists of two sectors, Illapel and Salamanca. There are no wineries in any of these sectors, but vines planted on the rocky, foothill soils produce small quantities of high quality Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon grapes with high acidity and low pH, which is increasing the interest for the area among many wine producers.[4] Only one brand of wine, De Martino Syrah, currently holds the D.O. of “Choapa Valley”.[5]

Grape distribution by varietal[edit]

  • Climate: Desert-like climate. 100 mm (4.5 in) of rain per year. High luminosity.
  • Soils: clay, silt, and chalk.
  • Primary grape varietals: Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah.


Cabernet Sauvignon: 36 ha (89 acres)
Syrah: 60 ha (2409 acres)
  • Total Hectares planted: 96 ha (237 acres) [6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Territorial division of Chile" (PDF) (in Spanish). National Statistics Institute. 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-28. 
  3. ^ "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-28. 
  4. ^ VIÑA DE MARTINO http://www.wine-pages.com/ text and photographs © 2010 Tom Cannavan retrieved October 11, 2013
  5. ^ Choapa Valley www.snooth.com Constance Chamberlain retrieved October 11, 2013
  6. ^ See Choapa Valley Chart www.winesofchile.org retrieved October 11, 2013