Choctaw, Oklahoma

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Choctaw, Oklahoma
Motto: "Celebrating the Past, Enjoying the Present, & Preparing For The Future."
Location in Oklahoma County and the state of Oklahoma.
Location in Oklahoma County and the state of Oklahoma.
Coordinates: 35°28′57″N 97°16′2″W / 35.48250°N 97.26722°W / 35.48250; -97.26722Coordinates: 35°28′57″N 97°16′2″W / 35.48250°N 97.26722°W / 35.48250; -97.26722
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Oklahoma
Area
 • Total 27.1 sq mi (70.2 km2)
 • Land 27.1 sq mi (70.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 1,148 ft (350 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,205
 • Density 346.4/sq mi (133.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73020
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-14200[1]
GNIS feature ID 1091323[2]

Choctaw is the oldest chartered town in Oklahoma. Choctaw physically became a community in 1890, but was not given actual status as a town until 1893 when a territorial governor was appointed for Oklahoma. It officially celebrated its 100th anniversary in 1993.[3] In 1950, Choctaw was in an agricultural area. It had a population of 355 in that year.[4] However, despite its name, the town has no historical, cultural or government ties to the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. The tribal headquarters and casino are located in the southeast part of the state in Durant, Oklahoma, and the Choctaw Capitol Building and annual Labor Day Festival are in Tuskahoma, Oklahoma.

Before Choctaw was chartered, the area included a part of William McClure's 7C Ranch and was known for a trading post and a camping spot near a spring.[5]

A community emerged on the east 80 acres (320,000 m2) of land John S. Muzzy claimed in the 1889 land run and received a postal designation in early 1890.[5]

The town incorporated in April 1904. When Oklahoma became a state in 1907, the town had 230 residents, four churches, a school, a bank, a newspaper and telephone service. By 1909, the town had three gins. The population grew very little during the Great Depression.[5]

Geography[edit]

Main article: Geography of Oklahoma

Choctaw is a city just east of Oklahoma City and has a total area of 27.1 square miles (70 km2), of which 27.1 square miles (70 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water. Its latitude and longitude is (35.482383, -97.267330).[6]

Climate[edit]

Choctaw has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) and lies in an area known as Tornado Alley characterized by frequent interaction between cold and warm air masses producing severe weather. An average of 54 tornadoes strike the state per year.[7]

Climate data for Choctaw, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 50
(10)
54
(12)
63
(17)
72
(22)
79
(26)
87
(31)
93
(34)
93
(34)
84
(29)
74
(23)
62
(17)
51
(11)
71.8
(22.2)
Average low °F (°C) 25
(−4)
29
(−2)
37
(3)
46
(8)
57
(14)
65
(18)
70
(21)
69
(21)
60
(16)
48
(9)
37
(3)
28
(−2)
47.6
(8.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.55
(39.4)
2.26
(57.4)
3.11
(79)
3.38
(85.9)
5.44
(138.2)
5.73
(145.5)
2.58
(65.5)
2.81
(71.4)
4.56
(115.8)
4.54
(115.3)
2.69
(68.3)
2.11
(53.6)
40.76
(1,035.3)
Source: [8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 230
1910 242 5.2%
1920 199 −17.8%
1930 242 21.6%
1940 289 19.4%
1950 355 22.8%
1960 623 75.5%
1970 4,750 662.4%
1980 7,520 58.3%
1990 8,545 13.6%
2000 9,377 9.7%
2010 11,146 18.9%
Est. 2012 11,626 4.3%
Sources:[1][9][10][11][12][13]

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[1] there were 9,377 people, 3 households and 2,808 families residing in the city. The population density was 346.4 per square mile (133.7/km²). There were 3,617 housing units at an average density of 133.6 per square mile (51.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.80% White, 1.64% African American, 3.70% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 4.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.79% of the population.

There were 3,450 households of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.0% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.6% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 2.99.

25.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.

The median household income was $49,291 and the median family income was $55,437. Males had a median income of $36,540 versus $27,914 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,041. About 3.7% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

City government[edit]

The City of Choctaw has a city council made up of elected officials and led by a mayor. A council-appointed city manager runs the day-to-day administration of the city and oversees city staff. Individual departments such as the police department and fire department are overseen by a police chief and fire chief, respectively.

Arts and culture[edit]

The owners of the Old Germany Restaurant, a business opened on March 1, 1976,[14] work with the city and the chamber of commerce to hold an annual, eight-day Oktoberfest event featuring German food, beer, wine and dancing. The town has a small museum dedicated to beer steins, the Stramski Collection.[15]

Education[edit]

Choctaw contains a career technology school, the Eastern Oklahoma County Technology Center, and a number of schools in the Choctaw-Nicoma Park public school district.

Choctaw public schools spend $4,133 per student. The average school expenditure in the U.S. is $6,058. There are about 15 students per teacher in Choctaw.[16]

Notable residents[edit]

Corey Shafer- *see Choctaw baseball record books

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ City of Choctaw website
  4. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazeteer. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952) p. 403
  5. ^ a b c Everett, Dianna. Choctaw, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed January 20, 2010)
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Tornado Climatology, NOAA National Climatic Data Center. (accessed July 26, 2013)
  8. ^ [1],” Weather.com (accessed November 16, 2012).
  9. ^ "Population-Oklahoma". U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Population-Oklahoma". 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oklahoma". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Oklahoma: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  14. ^ History of Old Germany Restaurant, accessed January 25, 2010.
  15. ^ Oktoberfest, Old Germany Restaurant, accessed January 25, 2010.
  16. ^ Choctaw, Oklahoma, Sperling's Best Places. [2] (accessed January 20, 2009)
  17. ^ The Amazing Race 14
  18. ^ Ryan Merriman at the Internet Movie Database (accessed January 20, 2010)

External links[edit]