Choe was born in Ulju-gun, Ulsan in southern South Korea. He received a B.A. in Economics from Yeungnam University and a masters degree in interpretation and translation from the Hankuk University of Foreign Studies in Seoul.
Choe began his journalism career as a political reporter at The Korea Herald, an English-language daily. He joined the Associated Press' Seoul Bureau in 1994. While a correspondent there he won the 2000 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting for bringing to light the decades-old No Gun Ri Massacre. He was the first person of Korean descent to receive a Pulitzer Prize. He moved to the International Herald Tribune in 2005.
In 2010, he was named as the 2010–2011 academic year Koret Fellow in the Korean Studies Program at the Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, part of Stanford University's Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies.
- Hanley, Charles J.; Choe, Sang-Hun; Mendoza, Martha (2001), The Bridge at No Gun Ri: a hidden nightmare from the Korean War, New York: Henry Holt and Co., ISBN 978-0-8050-6658-6, OCLC 46872329
- Kirk, Donald; Choe, Sang-Hun (2006), Korea Witness: 135 years of war, crisis and news in the land of the morning calm, Seoul: Eunhaeng Namu, ISBN 978-89-5660-155-7, OCLC 708318187
- Choe, Sang-Hun; Torchia, Christopher (2006), Looking for Mr. Kim in Seoul: a guide to Korean expressions, New York: Infini Press, ISBN 978-1-932457-03-2, OCLC 123193849
- 권은중 (1999-10-14), "인터뷰: 노근리사건 보도 최상훈 AP통신 서울지국 기자 — Interview: AP Seoul correspondent Choe Sang-Hun, who reported on the No Gun Ri Incident", Media Today, retrieved 2011-07-25
- "Biography: Sang-Hun Choe, Charles J. Hanley and Martha Mendoza", The 2000 Pulitzer Prize Winners: Investigative Reporting, retrieved 2011-07-25
- 우상표 (2000-04-22), "AP 최상훈기자 퓰리처상 수상 — AP reporter Choe Sang-Hun awarded Pulitzer Prize", Yongin Simin Sinmun, retrieved 2011-07-25
- "2000 Pulitzer Prize Winner "Investigative Reporting"", Pulitzer Prize, retrieved 2013-09-09
- Sang-Hun Choe named Korean Studies Program’s Koret Fellow, Stanford University, 2010-08-12, retrieved 2011-07-25