Choe Yong-rim

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This is a Korean name; the family name is Choe.
Choe Yong-rim
Premier of North Korea
In office
7 June 2010 – 1 April 2013
President Kim Yong-nam
Leader Kim Jong-il
Kim Jong-un
Preceded by Kim Yong-il
Succeeded by Pak Pong-ju
Personal details
Born (1930-11-20) 20 November 1930 (age 84)[1]
Ryanggang, Japanese Korea
(now North Korea)[2]*
Political party Workers' Party of Korea
Alma mater Kim Il-sung University
Moscow State University
Choe Yong-rim
Chosŏn'gŭl 최영림
Hancha [3] or 崔[2][4][5][6]
Revised Romanization Choe Yeong(-)rim
McCune–Reischauer Ch'oe Yŏngrim
(South Korean: Choe Yŏngnim)

Choe Yong-rim (KCNA: Choe Yong Rim, Korean: 최영림, born 20 November 1930) was the Premier (naegak ch’ongri, 내각 총리) of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (commonly known as North Korea) from June 2011 to April 2013[7] and Workers' Party of Korea central committee presidium member since September 2010.[1] He has been described by the New York Times as a "KWP insider" and a "friend of Kim Jong-Il's family."[8] He is honorary vice-president of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly, the country's parliament.

Career[edit]

Choe Yong-rim joined the Korean People's Army in July 1950.[1] He attended Mangyongdae Revolutionary School, Kim Il-sung University, and Moscow University. Qualifying as an electrical engineer, he has held various offices since the 1950s,[2] including: instructor, section chief, vice-department director, first vice-department director and department director of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea and chief secretary of the Secretaries Office of the Kumsusan Assembly Hall. He has also held posts of vice-premier of the Administration Council, director of the Central Public Prosecutors Office and secretary general of the SPA Presidium.[1]

From 11 April 2005 to July 2009, he was secretary general (sŏgijang) of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly, succeeding Kim Yunhyŏk.[9]

Choe was appointed chief secretary of the Pyongyang City Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea in 2009, taking a post left unoccupied for nine years since his predecessor Kang Hyun-su's death in 2000.[10] He left the post when he was elected Premier of North Korea on 7 June 2010 at the 3rd Session of the 12th Supreme People's Assembly.

Seen as an instrumental element in Kim Jong-il's succession process, Choe was elected member of the 5-members Politburo Presidium of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea at the Party Conference held in September 2010.

Premiership[edit]

Choe succeeded Kim Yong-il as premier during a rare second parliamentary session in 2010.

It was speculated that Kim was ousted partly because of the failed currency reforms which took place in early 2010. According to the South Korean newspaper Chosun Ilbo, he reportedly apologized publicly for the mishaps before stepping down.[8][11] Kim's departure and Choe's elevation coincided with the dismissal of various other ministers in the cabinet who were ostensibly blamed for the failed reforms. The event was seen by analysts as achieving two purposes: settling public outcry over the currency valuation fiasco and engineering a political climate more favourable towards the succession of Kim Jong-un, the supreme leader's youngest son.[8]

In February 2011, the North Korean media reported Premier Choe's visit to a construction site. This was the first time the media had reported on a leadership figure other than the Supreme Leader conducting a solo guidance inspection.[12]

At the 7th Session of the 12th SPA on 1 April 2013, Choe was replaced as Premier of North Korea by Pak Pong-ju, as the assembly moved to the new strategy of building the economy and military simultaneously. Choe was given the title of honorary vice-president of the SPA Presidium, with Kim Yong-nam maintained as his supervisor in the President's role of the SPA.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Choe Yong Rim Elected PM. Korean Central News Agency, 7 June 2010.
  2. ^ a b c 최영림 at 북한정보 자료센터. Korea Institute for National Unification. (Korean)
    Includes a list of posts (1956 to October 2008).
  3. ^ 在中国人民志愿军入朝参战56周年之际 Naenara, 26 October 2006 (Mandarin)
  4. ^ Korea Knowledge Portal (Korean)
  5. ^ “김국태등 5인방이 ‘核’”. 문화일보 (Korean)
  6. ^ dongA.com 인물정보 (Korean)
  7. ^ North Korea in leadership reshuffle. BBC News, 7 June 2011
  8. ^ a b c Choe, Sang-hun (7 June 2010). "N. Korea Reshuffle Seen as Part of Succession Plan". New York Times. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  9. ^ 북한내각명단. DPRKSEARCH (Korean)
  10. ^ Mass Meeting Held to Condemn Anti-DPRK Smear Campaign. Korean Central News Agency, 30 May 2010
  11. ^ Demick, Barbara. "North Korea shuffles leadership". LA Times. 
  12. ^ "DPRK Premier Visits Huichon Power Plant Construction Site", KCNA, 24 February 2011.

^ The source used only gives the province “Ryanggang” as Choe's place of birth and does not specify the kun. At the time of Choe's birth, Korea was ruled by Japan (see Korea under Japanese rule) and Ryanggang did not yet exist; it was only formed in 1954 out of 9 kun taken from South Hamgyŏng (Korean: Hamgyŏng namdo; Japanese: Kankyō nandō), 1 kun taken from North Hamgyŏng (H. pukto / K. hokudō) and 1 kun from Chagang, which was itself formed out of mainly North P’yŏngan (P’yŏngan pukto / Heian hokudō) and a bit of South Hamgyŏng territory.

Party political offices
Preceded by
Kang Hyun-su
Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea in Pyongyang
2009–2010
Succeeded by
Mun Kyong-dok
Political offices
Preceded by
Kim Yong-il
Premier of North Korea
2010–2013
Succeeded by
Pak Pong-ju