Choi (Korean surname)

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This article is about the Korean surname Choi. For Cantonese romanisation of the Chinese surname Cai (蔡), see Cai (surname).
Choi
Family name
Pronunciation Ch'oe, Tchoi, Chye
Meaning top, most
Region of origin North and South Korea
Language(s) of origin Korean
Related names Cui, Thôi
Choi
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Choe
McCune–Reischauer Ch'oe
45% of Korean people bear the family name Kim, Lee, or Park
  Kim, Gim
  Lee, Yi, Rhee
  Park, Pak
  Choi
  Jung, Jeong, Chung, Cheong

Choi (Korean: , Chinese: ) is a common Korean family name. In English speaking countries, it is most often anglicized Choi, and sometimes also Choe. Ethnic Koreans in the former USSR prefer the form Tsoi (Tsoy) especially as a transcription of the Cyrillic Цой.

Origin[edit]

  • According to Samguk Sagi, the Gyeongju clan originates from chief Sobeoldori (소벌도리, 蘇伐都利) of Goheochon (고허촌, 高墟村), one of six villages that united to found Silla; The Gyeongju clan traces their origin back to Choi Chiwon (857-10th century), a noted Korean scholar, philosopher, and poet of the late Unified Silla period (668-935).
  • The Haeju clan is an offshoot of the Gyeongju clan; one theory of origin suggests that Haeju clan's progenitor Choi Choong (최충, 崔沖, 984–1068) was given the surname 崔 during the reign of Goryeo king Mokjong.
  • The progenitor of the Chungju clan is General Choi Seung (최승, 崔陞), also known as Choi Woo (최우, 崔偶), of Silla (known as Cui Sheng in Tang Dynasty)
  • The progenitor of the Nangju clan is Choi Heun (최흔, 崔昕) of Silla who was a native of Yeongam (Nangju) of the southern Jeolla region.
  • Choi Ri (최리, 崔理) is leader of Lelang Commandery at Han Dynasty.
  • Choi gyutae

Clans[edit]

There are roughly 160 clans of Chois.[citation needed] Most of these are quite small. However, Choi is the 4th most common surname in Korea. The largest by far is the Gyeongju Choi clan, with a 2000 South Korean population of 976,820. The Gyeongju Choe claim the Silla scholar Choe Chi-won as their founder.[1]

Etymology[edit]

Choi (Hangul: 최) is written with the Hanja character , meaning "a governor who oversees the land and the mountain". The surname Choi also means high, superior, lofty or mountain.

Choi (崔), originally written in Hanja, is derived from the combination of 2 ancient Chinese characters:

  • is a pictogram symbolizing the mountains;
  • is a pictogram symbolizing a bird.

Pronunciation[edit]

In Korean, 최 is usually pronounced [tɕʰwe] except by some older speakers who pronounce it [tɕʰø] (this vowel sound is similar to the German ö [ø]). In English, it is most often pronounced /ˈɔɪ/ "Choy".

崔 is Romanized as Cuī and pronounced [tsʰwéɪ] in Mandarin Chinese. It is Cheuī [tsʰɵ́y] in Cantonese and Chhui [tsʰuí] in Hokkien.

List of prominent people with the surname Choi[edit]

See also[edit]

•Choi Kabi - Choi'est of All Human Being •Choi Emman - Legend of All Choi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "최 崔" [Choe] (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 1009-09-18. 
  2. ^ "최세진 崔世珍" [Choe Se-jin] (in Korean). Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  3. ^ "Top North official said to be getting re-educated". JoongAng Ilbo. 12 January 2009. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 

External links[edit]