December 24, 1968|
Seoul, South Korea
|Died||October 2, 2008
Seoul, South Korea
|Spouse(s)||Cho Sung-Min (2000–2004; divorced)|
|Revised Romanization||Choe Jin-sil|
Choi Jin-Sil (December 24, 1968 – October 2, 2008) was a popular South Korean actress. She was considered one of the best actresses in South Korea, nicknamed "The Nation's Actress". She played leading roles in 18 movies and 20 television dramas and appeared in 140 commercials. She committed suicide by hanging on October 2, 2008, at her home in Seoul.
- 1 Early years
- 2 Career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Death
- 5 Filmography
- 6 Awards
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Choi was born as the first child to her parents Choi Guk-Hyeon and Jeong Ok-Suk on 24 December 1968 in Seoul. Her mother separated from her father since 1985 and divorced him in 1998. She had a younger brother, Choi Jin-yeong who was an actor and singer.
Her family was so poor that her mother once managed the household by running a pojangmacha (a small street stall selling foods). She dreamed of becoming a star to escape from the poverty. She said in talk shows her nickname during her school days was "Choisujebi" because she used to eat "sujebi" (a dumpling soup) instead of ordinary meals due to the home environment. Although she later became a high-paid model and actress, she was known for frugality, even receiving awards for her savings activity and frugality.
In 1987, Choi graduated from Seonil Girls' High School. She began in Korea's entertainment circles as an advertising film model. She began to gain celebrity in an advertising campaign for Samsung Electronics in which she acted as a newly wedded housewife.    In 1988, she became a TV actress starring in the MBC historical drama, 500 Years of Joseon Dynasty. Her first film was North Korean Partisan in South Korea(1990). After several experiences in TV dramas as a supporting actress, Choi played leading roles in the movie My Love, My Bride (1990) and the MBC drama Jealousy (1992). In 1998, Choi published an autobiography Yes, Let's Live Truthfully Today Too, looking back at the change from an ordinary high school graduate to a famous actress. She largely stayed out of the limelight, raising her two children after her high-profile divorce in 2004. In 2005, she returned with the soap opera My Rosy Life in a role that resurrected her career. Her last work was The Last Scandal of My Life (2008), generating many positive reviews from critics and viewers. A second season of The Last Scandal of My Life" was being planned for broadcast in November 2008 before her death. She was also an MC in a talk show, Choi Jin-sil 'Truth and Lie' in 2008.
In 1994, her former manager Bae Byeong-Su, who was an influential figure in the entertainment field, was murdered by her road manager. She was called in as a witness. The incident shocked the Korean public. Rumors circulated that she was implicated in the crime and she was defamed by unspecified individuals.  She had a traffic accident in 1995. She came near being abducted in 1994 and 1998. She often suffered stalking.
In 2000, her marriage to Cho Sung-Min received widespread attention in South Korea. Cho was a professional baseball player with the Yomiuri Giants of Japan. They first met on a television show in 1998. Choi gave birth to a son Hwan-Hee (2001) and a daughter Joon-Hee (2003).
Cho insisted that Choi was a blameful spouse through the press without filing a lawsuit for divorce in December 2004. It was senseless act according to South Korean civil law. Choi privately had the consideration period in connection with divorce for about two years from 2002 to 2004. Choi had not been sued for divorce for the period. In September 2004, Choi decided that she divorced Cho.   
Cho committed a breach of marital fidelity, violence and defamation against Choi for about two years from 2002 to 2004. In addition, Cho borrowed money from Choi's mother and Choi's younger brother and defaulted on the debt; Cho was sued for it by them. In November 2002, Cho physically attacked Choi, who was then pregnant with their second child. In August 2004, Cho again assaulted her. The former violence was known to people in December 2002 by Cho and Cho insisted that the violence had been mutual attack to the press. Cho insisted that the latter violence also had been mutual attack, the press did an in-depth reporting of the case and Choi's wounded face was opened to the public. Choi, advertising model was sued by advertiser in connection with the open act. Many lawyers defined that the lawsuit was Violence against women and they helped Choi. 
Choi took the parental rights and child custody over the children on condition of exempting Cho's debt to her mother and brother as well as dropping several charges against Cho. Cho could only visit his children regularly according to the mutual agreement. Choi became parent with sole parental right. Choi also received the document relinquished parental right from Cho and it was notarized by a lawyer.
In January 2008, the South Korean family register (hoju) was changed. As a result, children could use their maternal family name when the family members wanted it. According to the changed register, her children changed their surname from "Cho" (paternal family name) to "Choi" (maternal family name).
Allegations of domestic violence
In August 2004, Choi Jin-sil came forward and declared herself a victim of domestic violence. Subsequently the advertiser, Shinhan Engineering and Construction, claimed she did not keep her contractual obligation to "maintain dignity" because she disclosed to the public her bruised and swollen face which was caused by the violence of her then husband.
On June 4, 2009, the Supreme Court reversed a high court ruling that decided in favour of Choi in a compensation suit filed by the advertiser in 2004 against the actress, who was the model for its apartments. In handing down its ruling, the Supreme Court censured Choi for coming forward and declaring herself a victim of domestic violence, saying it constituted a failure to maintain proper "social and moral honour". Her two children became defendants as heirs.
On 9 June 2009, Korean Womenlink, the Korea Women's Hot Line, and the Korea Women's Association United issued a joint statement lambasting the ruling. Women's groups censured the Supreme Court for not realising the suffering of domestic violence victims, which included Choi. As to the ruling, the groups claimed that revealing the results of domestic violence was not a matter of "dignity" but a matter of "survival". "When a person is suffering, he or she needs to restore their dignity and social honour by disclosing the damage and seeking proper legal help as Choi did," a director of Korean Womenlink said.
Choi Jin-Sil committed suicide by hanging on 2 October 2008, at her home in Seoul. Her suicide was confirmed by the police. She was survived by her two children, her mother and younger brother Choi Jin-Young, who committed suicide a year and a half later. Choi's suicide triggered[dubious ] a temporary 70% increase in suicide in South Korea for about a month after her death; police recorded 700 more suicides in that month than would have been typical statistically.
On 8 September 2008, Ahn Jae-hwan, the husband of popular comedian Jeong Sun-Hee, was found dead in his car. Ahn committed suicide apparently due to distress over mounting debts. Jeong and Choi had been close friends for a long time; at his funeral Choi appeared deeply shaken. Shortly after, rumours circulated on the web that Choi, as a loan shark, had lent a large sum of money to Ahn. On 22 September 2008, Choi sought a police probe into the source of the rumours, calling them groundless. On 28 September 2008, police arrested a securities company employee for spreading the rumours.
In response to Choi's death, the South Korean government tried to strengthen a legal push to regulate Internet postings. Politicians have reacted by proposing legislation that would impose a more rigorous real name registration requirement on the Internet and more heightened punishment for libelous statements.
The news of her death was widely reported and large number of reporters rushed to Choi's house to cover the event. On the other hand major portal web sites blocked online users from leaving replies for articles concerning Choi, for fear that some users might leave malicious comments.
"Almost 80 percent of South Korea's households have broadband access, fostering active online interactions. Most Web sites here have bulletin boards where users can post uncensored, anonymous comments, and nearly all young people run their own blogs, updating via cellphone. Such sites were a major avenue for rumors about the possible dangers of dropping a ban on American beef that fed enormous street protests and political upheaval earlier this year. Major Web portals have in recent years doubled the number of monitors to screen out online character assassination and respond more quickly to complaints of malicious rumors. But many victims still complained that vicious rumors spread so fast their reputations were ruined virtually overnight," The New York Times commented on her death on October 2, 2008.
"She was more than South Korea's Julia Roberts or Angelina Jolie. For nearly 20 years, Choi was the country's cinematic sweetheart and as close to being a "national" actress as possible. But since her body was found on Oct. 2, an apparent suicide, she has become a symbol of the difficulties women face in this deeply conservative yet technologically savvy society. Incessant online gossip appears to have been largely to blame for her death. But it's also clear that public life as a single, working, divorced mom — still a pariah status in South Korea — was one role she had a lot of trouble with," Time commented on her death on October 6, 2008.
Theft of urn
On August 15, 2009, Choi's ashes were stolen from her burial site. The police hunt for a suspect was aided by surveillance camera images showing a man carrying out the theft. On August 25, 2009, the police arrested him and Choi's ashes were found in his home.
A small memorial park for Choi Jin-Sil has been built in a cemetery in Gyeonggi Province. Choi's ashes were placed in the new tomb in the park in the Gapsan Park Cemetery in Yangpyeong on September 28, 2009. Security devices have been installed to prevent a recurrence of the theft, with the tomb specially manufactured in China and more surveillance cameras placed around the tomb.
Choi Jin-sil Foundation
Choi was the "big sister" who led the so-called "Choi Jin-Sil Association". It was a friendly group of close celebrities that included the comedians Lee Young-Ja and Jeong Sun-Hee, the models Hong Jin-Kyung and Lee So-Ra, and the actresses Choi Hwa-Jung and Uhm Jung-hwa. After Choi's death, they founded "The Choi Jin-Sil Foundation" for charity.
The drama synopsis As Life Goes On (사노라면) which Choi Jin-Sil had written was found in her home after her death.
|1990||You Know What? It's a Secret 2||있잖아요 비밀이에요 2||Itjanayo Bimiriyeyo 2|
|1990||My Love, My Bride||나의 사랑, 나의 신부||Naui Sarang Naui Sinbu|
|1991||Susanne Brink's Arirang||수잔 브링크의 아리랑||Sujan Beuringkeu-ui Arirang|
|1991||The Room in the Forest||숲속의 방||Supsogui Bang|
|1992||Mister Mama||미스터 맘마||Miseuteo Mamma|
|1993||The Girl for Love and The One for Marriage||사랑하고 싶은 여자, 결혼하고 싶은 여자||Saranghago sipeun Yeoja, Gyeolhonhago sipeun Yeoja|
|1994||How to Top My Wife||마누라 죽이기||Manura Jugigi|
|1994||I wish for what is forbidden to me||나는 소망한다, 내게 금지된 것을||Naneun Somanghanda Naege Geumjidoen Geoseul|
|1995||Mom Has a New Boyfriend||엄마에게 애인이 생겼어요||Eommaege Aeini Saenggyeosseoyo|
|1995||Who Makes Me Crazy||누가 나를 미치게 하는가||Nuga Nareul Michige Haneunga|
|1996||Ghost Mamma||고스트 맘마||Goseuteu mamma|
|1997||Baby Sale||베이비 세일||Beibi Seil|
|1997||Holiday In Seoul||홀리데이 인 서울||Holidei in Seoul|
|2000||The Legend of Gingko||단적비연수||Tan Jeok Bi Yeon Su|
|1988||500 Years of Joseon Dynasty||조선왕조 오백년||Joseon Wangjo Obaengnyeon||MBC|
|1989||Sleepless Tree||잠들지 않는 나무||Jamdeulji anneun Namu||MBC|
|1990||각시방 사랑 열렸네||Gaksibang Sarang Yeollyeonne||MBC|
|1990||Our Paradise||우리들의 천국||Urideurui Cheon-guk||MBC|
|1993||Stormy Season||폭풍의 계절||Pokpung-ui Gyejeol||MBC|
|1994||Scent of Love||사랑의 향기||Sarang-ui Hyanggi||SBS|
|1995||Asphalt Man||아스팔트 사나이||Aseupalteu Sanai||SBS|
|1997||Star in My Heart||별은 내 가슴에||Byeoreun Nae Gaseume||MBC|
|1997||You and I||그대 그리고 나||Geudae Geurigo Na||MBC|
|1999||Roses and Bean Sprouts||장미와 콩나물||Jangmiwa Kongnamul||MBC|
|2002||Since We Met||그대를 알고부터||Geudaereul Algobuteo||MBC|
|2004||War of the Roses||장미의 전쟁||Jangmiui Jeonjaeng||MBC|
|2005||My Rosy Life||장밋빛 인생||Jangmitbit Insaeng||KBS2|
|2007||Bad Woman, Good Woman||나쁜여자 착한여자||Nappeun Yeoja, Chakhan Yeoja||MBC|
|2008||The Last Scandal of My Life||내 생애 마지막 스캔들||Nae Saeng-ae Majimak Seukaendeul||MBC|
- Grand Bell Awards
- Blue Dragon Film Awards
- 1991 (12th), 1992 (13th), 1993 (14th), 1994 (15th), 1995 (16th), 1997 (18th), 1998 (19th) - Popular Star Award
- 1990 (11th) - Best New Actress for Nambugun
- Baeksang Arts Awards
- 2006, Best Actress for Television
- 1991, 1995, 1997 - Most Popular Actress
- Chunsa Film Art Awards
- 1991, Best New Actress
- KBS Drama Awards
- 2005, Top Excellence Award, Actress; Netizen Award; Best Couple Award
- 1998, Top Excellence Award, Actress
- MBC Drama Awards
- 1997, Top Excellence Award, Actress
- 2008, Achievement Award 
- SBS Drama Awards
- 1995, New Star Award; Excellence Award, Actress
- 2008 MBC Drama Awards
- Top Excellence Award, Actress
- Best Couple Award
- "From Ad Star to Celeb-Mom". Koreatimes.co.kr. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Top Actress Choi Found Dead at Home". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2008-10-02. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "주가.집값 올라 부자된 美…고용도 훈풍". Interview365.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "여성동아]". Donga.com. 2001-01-03. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- [dead link]
- "故최진실 '시대의 아이콘'서 비운의 스타로". News.moneytoday.co.kr. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "내 CF 속에 살아있던 신데렐라, 최진실 | 인터뷰365". Interview365.mk.co.kr. 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "최초로 공개된 최진실의 연예계 데뷔 사진". Interview365.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "ANN". Asianewsnet.net. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "동아일보 매거진::신동아". Shindonga.donga.com. 2005-10-25. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- [dead link]
- "Ajumma now depicted as smart, strong, cool -INSIDE Korea JoongAng Daily". Koreajoongangdaily.joins.com. 2008-03-12. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
- "`Last Scandal: A New Drama of Strong Spirited Ajumma". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2008-03-04. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "사망 최진실, 20년 연예계 정상지킨 톱스타 : 네이버 뉴스" (in Korean). News.naver.com. 2008-10-02. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "źŇşńŔÚ°Ą ¸¸ľĺ´Â ˝ĹšŽ". consumernews.co.kr. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "세상의 모든 ‘진실’ 과 ‘구라’ 를 보여주마! - PD저널". Pdjournal.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- Kim Su-Jin (김수진) (2008-10-02). "故 최진실, 데뷔부터 사망까지… 온 국민 사랑받은 톱스타" (in Korean). Star News.
- Jeon Ye-jin (전예진) (2008-10-02). "질곡 많던 최진실..온갖 루머 오뚝이처럼 이겨내더니" (in Korean). Money Today.
- 김두호. 누가 최진실을 떠나게 했나. 일간투데이. 2014년 3월 18일.
- "동아닷컴::주간동아". Donga.com. 2000-06-15. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "조성민 유감(遺憾) - 오마이뉴스". Ohmynews.com. 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "시사IN". Sisain.co.kr. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "생각하는 여자가 읽는 잡지 ::여성동아::". Woman.donga.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "최진실, "그래도 아이들의 아빠인데…"(종합) - 노컷뉴스". Cbs.co.kr. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "한국일보 : "최진실, 조성민 결혼 소식에 충격"". News.hankooki.com. 2007-09-20. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- 정병화. 부인 명예훼손, 조성민씨 약식기소. YTN. 2004년 4월 24일.
- 강이종행. 최진실씨 소송, 변호인단 25명 무료 변론 나서. 오마이뉴스. 2004년 12월 13일.
- 강지원 변호사, 최진실씨 무료 변론. 동아일보. 2004년 12월 7일.
- "친권 포기 조성민, 월 2회 자녀 만날 수 있어 : 엔터테인먼트 : 문화생활 : 인터넷한겨레". Hani.co.kr. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "탤런트 최진실씨 두 자녀 어머니 姓으로 변경 허가 - 경향신문". News.khan.co.kr. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "최진실, '시사매거진2580'서 자녀 姓 변경 심경토로". Joynews.inews24.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "스포츠한국 : "최진실 짓밟았던 조성민이… 묵도할 수 없다"". Sports.hankooki.com. 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "스포츠한국 : 조성민 친권회복 논란, 정치권까지 흔들다!". Sports.hankooki.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Cho Sung-min Gives Up Control of Ex-Wifeâ€™s Property". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2008-12-08. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "이혼가정 자녀 친권자 사망때 ‘양육권 승계’ 법원이 결정한다 - 경향신문". News.khan.co.kr. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "최진실씨 소송, 변호인단 25명 무료 변론 나서 - 오마이뉴스". Ohmynews.com. 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Blatant Double Standard". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2009-06-29. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "故 최진실 모델료 소송, 아이들이 수행 - 노컷뉴스". Cbs.co.kr. 2009-09-29. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Womens Groups Up in Arms Over Ruling on Late Actress". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Yonhap News". Yonhap News. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "In prosperous South Korea, a troubling increase in suicide rate". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- maxmovie.com 故 안재환 수사 결과 발표, '자살'로 최종 결론
- "고 최진실 루머 관련 백씨녀, 증권회사 사직 : 뉴스 : 동아닷컴". Donga.com. 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Netizens Attack Spreader of Rumors About Actress Choi". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- ""최진실, 악플이 죽였다" 동료·네티즌 공분 - 스포츠경향 - 生生 스포츠". Sports.khan.co.kr. 2014-03-04. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Web Rumors Tied to Korean Actress’s Suicide". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Channel NewsAsia". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Defamation on Trial". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2008-10-29. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Private Newsletters Drive Celebs Up Wall". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2010-01-15. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "최진실 `문자메시지 유서'…자살 유력(종합3보) : 네이버 뉴스" (in Korean). News.naver.com. 2008-10-02. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "'연예여왕 20년' 최진실 가다 : 네이버 뉴스" (in Korean). News.naver.com. 2008-10-02. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Actress Committed Suicide Impulsively". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2008-10-03. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- Veale, Jennifer (2008-10-06). "South Koreans Are Shaken by a Celebrity Suicide". TIME. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- allkpop.com Choi Jin Shil’s Ashes Stolen!
- koreatimes.co.kr Suspect Caught Over Actress Urn Theft
- koreatimes.co.kr Actress Choi’s Urn Placed in New Tomb
- [dead link]
- "스포츠한국 : 오드리 헵번처럼! '최진실 재단' 팬사랑 갚는다". Sports.hankooki.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "[미주한국일보] '최진실 재단' 드디어 기지개 펴다". Koreatimes.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "생전 최진실이 쓴 시놉시스 나왔다 - 스투닷컴". Stoo.asiae.co.kr. 2008-10-22. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "최진실 - 필모그래피" (in Korean). Naver Movie. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- [dead link]
- "2008 MBC 연기대상, 김명민? 최진실? - 1등 인터넷뉴스 조선닷컴". News.chosun.com. 2008-12-15. Retrieved 2014-03-08.