Choibalsan (city)

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This article is about the Mongolian city. For other uses, see Choibalsan (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Choibalsan (sum), Dornod a district (sum) in the northeast of the city.
Choibalsan
Чойбалсан
ᠴᠣᠶᠢᠪᠠᠯᠰᠠᠩ
District
Herlen District
Хэрлэн сум
ᠬᠡᠷᠦᠯᠦᠨᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Bridge over the Kherlen River in Choibalsan (taken in 1972)
Bridge over the Kherlen River in Choibalsan (taken in 1972)
Choibalsan is located in Mongolia
Choibalsan
Choibalsan
Coordinates: 48°04′42″N 114°32′06″E / 48.07833°N 114.53500°E / 48.07833; 114.53500
Country Mongolia
Province Dornod Province
Elevation 747 m (2,451 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 38,150
Time zone UTC + 8 (UTC+8)
Area code(s) +976 (0)158
Website www.dornod.gov.mn

Choibalsan (Mongolian: Чойбалсан) is the fourth-largest city in Mongolia. The name of the city was Bayan Tu'men (Баян Түмэн) until 1941, when it was renamed after the communist leader Khorloogiin Choibalsan. It is the capital of the province of Dornod. The city administrative unit's official name is Kherlen sum, with area of 281 km2. It is situated at the Kherlen River, at an elevation of 747 m above sea level.

History[edit]

The location has been a post on a trading route for centuries. In the 19th century it grew into a city, and became the economic hub of eastern Mongolia in the twentieth century. After democratization in 1992, when the Russian workers left, large parts of the economy collapsed. Since then, the city has suffered from one of the highest unemployment rates in Mongolia.

Due to the city's proximity to the site of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, it contains a museum dedicated to Georgy Zhukov, hero of the battle.

Population[edit]

The city of Choibalsan has a population of 45,490 (1994), 41,714 (2000), 36,142 (2003), 39,500 (2006),[1] 39,500 (2007, 53.2% of the Dornod Aimag's total population),[2] 38,150 (2008 51.2% of the Aimag's population).[3]

Choibalsan is inhabited primarily by Halh Mongols, with smaller numbers of Buryats, Barga Mongols, and Üzemchin. There is also a minority of immigrants from Inner Mongolia in China.

Climate[edit]

Choibalsan experiences a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with very cold, very dry winters and warm, wetter summers. Extreme temperatures range from a minimum of −41.6 °C (−42.9 °F) to a maximum of 41.2 °C (106.2 °F),[4] recorded on June 25, 2010.[5]

Climate data for Choibalsan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
8.4
(47.1)
21.4
(70.5)
29.5
(85.1)
36.8
(98.2)
41.2
(106.2)
39.1
(102.4)
38.3
(100.9)
31.6
(88.9)
28.0
(82.4)
15.2
(59.4)
3.5
(38.3)
41.2
(106.2)
Average high °C (°F) −14.4
(6.1)
−10.7
(12.7)
−0.5
(31.1)
10.5
(50.9)
19.0
(66.2)
24.9
(76.8)
26.6
(79.9)
24.4
(75.9)
18.0
(64.4)
8.8
(47.8)
−3.4
(25.9)
−11.8
(10.8)
7.62
(45.71)
Daily mean °C (°F) −20.5
(−4.9)
−17.7
(0.1)
−7.8
(18)
2.6
(36.7)
11.3
(52.3)
17.6
(63.7)
19.8
(67.6)
17.9
(64.2)
10.6
(51.1)
1.5
(34.7)
−9.8
(14.4)
−17.6
(0.3)
0.66
(33.18)
Average low °C (°F) −25.5
(−13.9)
−23.9
(−11)
−14.8
(5.4)
−4.1
(24.6)
3.8
(38.8)
10.8
(51.4)
14.4
(57.9)
12.1
(53.8)
4.9
(40.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
−15.2
(4.6)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−5.37
(22.33)
Record low °C (°F) −41.6
(−42.9)
−38.3
(−36.9)
−36.6
(−33.9)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−8.7
(16.3)
0.5
(32.9)
4.4
(39.9)
2.1
(35.8)
−6.0
(21.2)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−29.9
(−21.8)
−36.4
(−33.5)
−41.6
(−42.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.6
(0.063)
1.9
(0.075)
2.9
(0.114)
6.3
(0.248)
14.4
(0.567)
39.0
(1.535)
57.4
(2.26)
43.3
(1.705)
27.2
(1.071)
7.7
(0.303)
3.3
(0.13)
2.6
(0.102)
207.6
(8.173)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.6 1.0 0.7 1.6 3.2 5.7 8.7 8.1 4.6 1.6 1.1 0.9 37.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 198.5 212.0 266.1 264.0 294.9 307.3 297.9 287.1 258.2 239.2 199.5 177.6 3,002.3
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [6]

Transportation[edit]

The Choibalsan Airport (COQ/ZMCD) has one paved runway, and is served by regular flights to Ulan Bator, and Hailar and Manzhouli in Inner Mongolia, China.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dornod Aimag: Статистикийн мэдээлэл 2006 (Statistical information), 2007-01-16
  2. ^ Dornod Aimag Statistics Office
  3. ^ Dornod Aimag Statistics Office.Dec. 2008 Report
  4. ^ "Extreme Temperatures Around the World". Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  5. ^ "Climate Choibalsan - year 2010". Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Choibalsan Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2013.