Chokurdakh

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Chokurdakh (English)
Чокурдах (Russian)
Чокуурдаах (Sakha)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Settlement[citation needed]
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Chokurdakh is located in Sakha Republic
Chokurdakh
Chokurdakh
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Chokurdakh in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 70°38′N 147°55′E / 70.633°N 147.917°E / 70.633; 147.917Coordinates: 70°38′N 147°55′E / 70.633°N 147.917°E / 70.633; 147.917
Administrative status (as of 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative district Allaikhovsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 2,367 inhabitants[1]
Time zone MAGT (UTC+12:00)[2]
Founded 1936[citation needed]
Urban-type settlement status since 1981[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3] 678800

Chokurdakh (Russian: Чокурда́х, Sakha: Чокуурдаах) is an urban locality (a settlement) and the administrative centre of Allaikhovsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia. Population: 2,367 (2010 Census);[1] 2,591 (2002 Census);[4] 3,845 (1989 Census).[5]

Geography[edit]

The settlement lies on the left bank of the Indigirka River, below its confluence with its tributary the Allaikha.

History[edit]

Chokurdakh was founded in 1936 as the new administrative centre of the Allaikhovsky District, which had been created in 1931. It served as a river port on the Indigirka, connecting to sea traffic using the Northern Sea Route.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Chokurdakh is not connected with the outside world by any year-round roads. A winter road follows the Indigirka upstream when it is frozen, travelling partly along the river ice, leading to Ust-Nera via Belaya Gora and Khonuu.

The settlement is served by the Chokurdakh Airport, one of the most northerly airports in Russia and only usable for around 3 months each year.

Climate[edit]

Chokurdakh has an extreme subarctic climate, bordering on a polar climate. Temperatures have never risen above zero from November through to March.

Climate data for Chokurdakh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−11.1
(12)
−3.4
(25.9)
4.9
(40.8)
22.8
(73)
30.0
(86)
31.6
(88.9)
29.3
(84.7)
20.6
(69.1)
6.1
(43)
−0.9
(30.4)
−6
(21)
31.6
(88.9)
Average high °C (°F) −30.4
(−22.7)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−13.8
(7.2)
−1.6
(29.1)
10.6
(51.1)
15.9
(60.6)
12.0
(53.6)
4.0
(39.2)
−8.8
(16.2)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−28.1
(−18.6)
−9.5
(14.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −33.9
(−29)
−32.7
(−26.9)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−5.3
(22.5)
5.8
(42.4)
10.6
(51.1)
7.6
(45.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−11.5
(11.3)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−13.4
(7.9)
Average low °C (°F) −37.1
(−34.8)
−35.9
(−32.6)
−31.2
(−24.2)
−22.9
(−9.2)
−8.9
(16)
2.0
(35.6)
6.4
(43.5)
4.1
(39.4)
−1
(30)
−14.4
(6.1)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−35
(−31)
−16
(3)
Record low °C (°F) −54.4
(−65.9)
−50.3
(−58.5)
−48.2
(−54.8)
−42.6
(−44.7)
−30
(−22)
−11.2
(11.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
−6.4
(20.5)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−46.9
(−52.4)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−54.4
(−65.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.39)
10
(0.39)
9
(0.35)
7
(0.28)
11
(0.43)
24
(0.94)
28
(1.1)
30
(1.18)
23
(0.91)
20
(0.79)
17
(0.67)
14
(0.55)
203
(7.98)
Avg. precipitation days 18 18 16 15 16 14 17 17 16 24 20 19 210
Mean monthly sunshine hours 0 56 186 300 279 300 279 155 90 62 0 0 1,707
Source #1: pogoda.ru.net[6]
Source #2: World Climate Guide - Chokurdakh[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  4. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ ПОГОДА в Чокурдахе
  7. ^ World Climate Guide - Chokurdakh