Cholesteric liquid crystal
A cholesteric liquid crystal is a type of liquid crystal with a helical structure and which is therefore chiral. Cholesteric liquid crystals are also known as chiral nematic liquid crystals. They organize in layers with no positional ordering within layers, but a director axis which varies with layers. The variation of the director axis tends to be periodic in nature. The period of this variation (the distance over which a full rotation of 360° is completed) is known as the pitch, p. The pitch varies with temperature and it can also be affected by the boundary conditions when the chiral nematic liquid crystal is sandwiched between two substrate planes.
The Industrial Technology Research Institute has developed a rewritable ePaper called i2R, which requires heat, and no electricity, to store imagery on a flexible cholesteric liquid crystal panel. ITRI
A US company, Kent Displays, has developed "no power" Liquid Crystal Displays using Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals: these are known as ChLCD screens. A drawback of ChLCD screens is their slow refresh rate, especially at low temperatures. In 2009, Kent demonstrated the use of a ChLCD to cover the entire surface of a mobile phone, allowing it to change colours, and keep that colour even when power is cut off.
Cholesteric liquid crystals are similar to nematic crystals with long axes lying parallel to each other in a suitable plane. The can be said as a twisted nematic structure, with a helical structure with a definite pitch between 200 nm to 20,000 nm.
- Tetsuo Nozawa. "[SID] Entire Surface of Handset becomes LCD Display". Nikkei Tech-On. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- Television and video Engineering 2nd edition, Tata McGraw Hill, A M Dhake ISBN 0-07-460105-9
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