Cholesteryl ester

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Cholesteryl ester, a dietary lipid, is an ester of cholesterol. The ester bond is formed between the carboxylate group of a fatty acid and the hydroxyl group of cholesterol. Cholesteryl esters have a lower solubility in water than cholesterol and are more hydrophobic. They are hydrolyzed by pancreatic enzymes, cholesterol esterase, to produce cholesterol and free fatty acids.[1] They are associated with atherosclerosis.[2]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Ferrier, Richard A. Harvey, Denise R. (2011). Lippincott's illustrated reviews, biochemistry (5th ed. ed.). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health. p. 175. ISBN 9781608314126. 
  2. ^ Cholesterol Esters at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)