Chonburi Province

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Chonburi
ชลบุรี
Province
Official seal of Chonburi
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Chonburi Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Chonburi Province
Country  Thailand
Capital Chonburi
Government
 • Governor

Komsan Eakachai /

Wittaya Kunbuem (Provincial Chief Executive)
Area
 • Total 4,363.0 km2 (1,684.6 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 51st
Population (2013)
 • Total 1,700,000
 • Rank Ranked 16th
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 13th
Time zone Thailand Standard Time
ISO 3166 code TH-20

Chonburi (Thai: ชลบุรี  [tɕ͡ʰōn.būrīː] ( )) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Chachoengsao, Chanthaburi, and Rayong. To the west is the Gulf of Thailand. Chonburi has developed its tourism and logistics infrastructure; it is home to Thailand's largest tourist oriented city, Pattaya (also spelled Phatthaya), it is the only province outside the Bangkok Metropolitan Area to connect by eight lane motorway to Bangkok, it is home to Thailand's largest and primary seaport, it has a thriving migrant and expat population. Due to these factors, the province's population is growing rapidly, with currently some 1.7 million residents (albeit with a large floating or unregistered population).[1] The registered population as of December 31, 2012 was 1.36 million[2]

History[edit]

From historical evidence, Mueang Chonburi has been settled since sometime during the Ayutthaya period of Thai history. The region for centuries was one of small towns such as Bang Sai, Bang Pla Soi, and Bang Phra. King Rama V combined these to form Chonburi Province.

Etymology[edit]

The word "chon" originates from the Sanskrit word "jala" meaning water, and the word "buri" from Sanskrit "puri" meaning "town" or "city". Hence the name of the province literally means "city of water".

Geography[edit]

The province is on the Bay of Bangkok, the northern end of the Gulf of Thailand. The Khao Khiao mountain range stretches from the northwest to the southeast of the province, while the fertile plains of the north were long used for farming. In Laem Chabang, in the south of the province, is one of the few deep-water harbours of Thailand.

The provincial permanent legal population has risen at nearly 4% annually from 1,040,865 in 2000 to 1,554,365 in 2010.[1] There is a large floating population of long term residents (non-Thai) without permanent status, on perpetual tourist visa and/or migrant workers (legal or not), as well as heavy, short term tourist influxes.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chonburi (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.6
(90.7)
33.2
(91.8)
34.2
(93.6)
35.2
(95.4)
34.2
(93.6)
33.7
(92.7)
33.2
(91.8)
33.0
(91.4)
32.6
(90.7)
32.7
(90.9)
32.8
(91)
32.4
(90.3)
33.32
(91.99)
Average low °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
24.0
(75.2)
25.5
(77.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.4
(79.5)
26.3
(79.3)
26.1
(79)
25.8
(78.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.3
(73.9)
21.6
(70.9)
24.78
(76.59)
Rainfall mm (inches) 9.9
(0.39)
14.3
(0.563)
47.5
(1.87)
74.1
(2.917)
175.3
(6.902)
147.7
(5.815)
140.6
(5.535)
154.1
(6.067)
268.9
(10.587)
208.9
(8.224)
48.8
(1.921)
5.5
(0.217)
1,295.6
(51.008)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 1 3 4 8 14 14 15 18 20 17 6 1 121
 % humidity 66 70 71 71 75 74 74 75 79 78 69 63 72.1
Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)

Miscellaneous[edit]

Pattaya, on the Gulf of Thailand, is a major international tourist destination.

The 20th World Scout Jamboree, organized by the World Organization of the Scout Movement, drew 30,000 teenage Boy Scouts to a naval base near the town of Sattahip, where activities included world issue awareness, a showcase of Thai science and technology, and obstacle course-style competitions between scouts from all nations.

Chonburi Province is one of the few Thai provinces which does not possess a city pillar shrine lak mueang. There is a plan to construct a shrine by 2012.

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows the hill Khao Sam Muk, on which a shrine is located. Legend tells that the spirit of that mountain protects the fishermen from harm. The spirit is that of an 18th-century a Chinese girl threw herself from the cliff when her parents refused to let her marry the man she loved.

The provincial tree and flower is the "New Guinea Rosewood" (Pterocarpus indicus, called Mai Pradu in Thai).

The provincial motto is Beautiful Beaches, Delicious Khao Lam, Sweet Sugar Cane, Delicate Basketry Products, and Buffalo Racing.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Amphoe

The province is subdivided in 11 districts (amphoe). These are further subdivided into 92 subdistricts (tambon) and 691 villages (muban).

  1. Mueang Chon Buri
  2. Ban Bueng
  3. Nong Yai
  4. Bang Lamung
  5. Phan Thong
  6. Phanat Nikhom
  1. Si Racha
  2. Ko Sichang
  3. Sattahip
  4. Bo Thong
  5. Ko Chan

Politics[edit]

Governor Komsan Eakachai

House of Representatives of Thailand

Chon Buri has eight seats of the house.

General Election 2011

Phalang Chon Party(6) is the localism party that established in 2011 for general election by former minister and local politicians.

Suchat Chomkin, Ukkit Tansawad, Ronnathep Anuwat, Pansak Ketwattha, Kusumon Khunpluem, Poramet Ngampichet.

Democratic Party(1)

Sorrawut Neungjumnong

Pheu Thai Party(1)

Admiral Suraphol Jundeang

Provincial Chief Executive Wittaya Khunpluem(2008 - ) from Phalang Chon Party

Influential person

Somchai Khunpluem, alternatively spelled Kunplome (Thai: สมชาย คุณปลื้ม), born 30 September 1937 in Chonburi, Thailand is a Thai politician and businessman. He is also known under his nickname "Kamnan Poh" (Thai: กำนันเป๊าะ, "subdistrict headman Poh"). He is influential in his home province of Chonburi and the whole Eastern region and has therefore been dubbed "Godfather of Chonburi" or "Godfather of the East" by Thai media.Somchai was long-term mayor of Saen Suk, Mueang Chonburi District. His four sons are politicians and Phalang Chon Party founders.

Cities and towns[edit]

Rank City/town Amphoe (District) population Area(km²) community town of
1 Pattaya Bang Lamung 101,939 22.2
2 Chaophraya Surasak Si Racha 80,088 306.44 Si Racha
3 Ban Suan Mueang Chonburi 61,072 n/a Chonburi
4 Laem Chabang Si Racha(and a part of Bang Lamung) 64,607 109.65
5 Nong Prue Bang Lamung 49,558 45.54 Pattaya
6 Saen Suk (Bangsaen) Mueang Chonburi 42,843 20.843 Chonburi
7 Chonburi* Mueang Chonburi 34,744 4.567
8 Angsila Mueang Chonburi 25,673 18.6 Chonburi
9 Sattahip* Sattahip 22,539 6.22
10 Huay Yai Bang Lamung 22,208 153 Pattaya
11 Si Racha* Si Racha 19,221 4.058
12 Ban Bueng* Ban Bueng 16,336 n/a
13 Huay Kapi Mueang Chonburi 15,297 14.5 Chonburi
14 Mon Nang Phanat Nikhom 13,522 52.58 Phanat Nikhom
15 Phanat Nikhom* Phanat Nikhom 11,717 2.76
16 Bang Sai Mueang Chonburi 11,140 2.16 Chonburi
17 Nong Maidaeng Mueang Chonburi 10,689 10 Chonburi
18 Bang Sare Sattahip 7,875 7.87 Sattahip
19 Don Hua Lo Mueang Chonburi 7,670 18.5 Chonburi
20 Tha Bunmee Ko Chan 6,348 5.692
21 Ko Sichang* Ko Sichang 4,975 7.9
22 Nong Phai Kaew Ban Bueng 2,018 11.692 Ban Bueng

* capital of district

Tourism[edit]

There has been heavy investment in the tourist city of Pattaya, the nation's primary port of Laem Chabang (at Si Ratcha), Bangkok-Pattaya motorway, and Suvarnabhumi airport (outside but close to the province). Pattaya is the destination of local and international tourism alike within the province, which has seen a spike in skyscrapers and malls. Some nine million visitors to the province were recorded in 2012, of which 6.1 million were from abroad, the largest of these being Russians with 2.2 million visitors.[3] The character of the city has been changing from "sin city" to one which caters to all visitors including families, albeit the "sin city" continues its seemingly unstoppable growth. In addition the nationality of visitors to Pattaya and surrounds has been changing, with a surge of Russians and Chinese in the past five years, as well as migrant workers from Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar, opposed to being formerly dominated by Westerners and Thais.

Besides Pattaya, neighboring cities such as Banglamung, Si Ratcha, and even Muang Chonburi itself have developed over the past decade supporting a larger middle class and "longer stay" expat population.

Sights[edit]

Wat Yansangwararam

Wat Khao Phra Phutthabat Bang Sai (วัดเขาพระพุทธบาทบางทราย) Inside the Mondop–a square building with a crown-like cupola resides the Buddha’s footprint. From the end of the fourth lunar month to the second day of the fifth month during the period of the waxing moon, there is a tradition that people will proceed up the hill to pay respect to the Buddha’s footprint.

Wat Yai Inthraram (วัดใหญ่อินทราราม) is a temple of Mueang Chonburi, influenced by the late Ayutthayan architectural style. The Ubosot was built in its Gunwale Curve base and inside displays mural paintings.

Phra Phutthaishing Shrine (หอพระพุทธสิหิงค์) The shrine houses are a replica of the Phra Phutthaishing cast in pure silver.

Wat Thammanimit (วัดธรรมนิมิตต์) was constructed in 1941 and is a place where the Phra Phutthamongkhon Nimit Buddha image resides. It is a concrete Buddha image decorated with mosaic tiles in the Boarding a Boat posture.

Ang Sila (อ่างศิลา) is a seaside fishing village. Most villagers are skilled in making implements from granite. Items made are mainly mortar and pestles widely used in Thai households in the olden times and figurines of animals.

Wihan Thep Sathit Phra Kitti Chaloem or Nacha Sa Thai Chue Shrine (วิหารเทพสถิตพระกิติเฉลิม หรือ ศาลเจ้าหน่าจาซาไท้จื้อ) is a Chinese shrine. It is a four-storey building decorated in Chinese architectural art and housing Chinese deity images.

Khao Sam Muk (เขาสามมุข) is a low hillock situated between Ang Sila and Bang Saen Beach, along the road, facing the seashore. A habitat of scores of wild monkeys, the hill-top view descends on the Bang Saen Beach.

The Marine Scientific Institute (สถาบันวิทยาศาสตร์ทางทะเล) Situated in the Burapha University at Bang Saen Beach. It is a modern aquarium.

Bang Saen Beach, (หาดบางแสน) is a holiday beach 14 kilometres from the provincial town. In 1943, the government built the first holiday resort in the country here. It is now under the supervision of Saen Suk Municipal Administration.

Laem Thaen (แหลมแท่น) is in the area of Bang Saen Beach near Khao Sam Muk. It is a cape reaching out to the sea where restaurants are situated. People go fishing in the area. A big part of Laem Thaen has been constructed over the sea. The area is used for festivities like concerts, markets and during Friday and Saturday evenings the "Bangsaen Walking" street. (http://www.walkingstreet.co.th/ ) Big events like Bangsaen Bikeweek are also centered around this area.

Sriracha Tiger Zoo (สวนเสือศรีราชา) At km 20 on Highway No. 3241 between Pattaya and Bang Saen Beach, or 10 kilometres from Si Racha District, this is a zoo with crocodiles, Bengal tigers, camel, deer, scorpions and more.

Khao Kheow Open Zoo (สวนสัตว์เปิดเขาเขียว) is a zoo operated by the Zoological Garden Organization and covers a vast tract of forestland. There are more than 200 species of wildlife living there. They include both domestic and imported species.

Ko Sichang (เกาะสีชัง) is 12 kilometers off the shore of Si Racha. It is the large island of Sichang offering mountain and sea views. Ko Sichang has served as a cargo station since the early days of the country’s trading history. It is the site of a summer palace built during the reign of King Rama V.

Chao Pho Khao Yai Shrine (ศาลเจ้าพ่อเขาใหญ่) is a natural architectural masterpiece, revered by both the Thai and Chinese worshippers. From here the front side of the island with a panoramic view of Sichang community can be seen.

Ao Udom Scenario (บรรยากาศทะเลอ่าวอุดม เทศบาลนครแหลมฉบัง อ.ศรีราชา) is a scene based on the cargo shipments and transfer from barge to vessel, vessel to coast and fuel jetty. Jetty and Ao Udom are operated by the private sector. Bann Ao Udom is a small fishery village, Watt Mai Nern Payom is a Buddhist temple in the village.

Mondop atop Buddha’s Footprint (มณฑปรอยพระพุทธบาท) King Rama V had a footprint replica installed on top of Khaya Sira Hill.

Hat Tham Khao Phang (หาดถ้ำเขาพัง) Hat Tham Khao Phang at the back of the island surrounds this white sandy beach. The sloping beach is thus on the sheltered side.

Khao Khat Pass and Hat Hin Klom (ช่องเขาขาดและหาดหินกลม) The name of “Hat Hin Klom” comes from the rounded rocks on the beach which have been “rounded” by the westerly wind that normally comes from March to September.

Phra Chuthathut Ratchathan (พระจุฑาธุชราชฐาน) is the only palace amidst the sea, King Rama V had it built in 1892 as a holiday retreat and a convalescence home for his wives and children. Residential quarters, lawns, pools, and swamps ascending from the beach up to the top of the hill, alternated with frangipani trees (Plumeria acuminata).

Ko Thai Khangkhao (เกาะท้ายค้างคาว) is a small island on the southern side of Ko Sichang where there is a sandy beach and coral. Amphoe Bang Lamung and Mueang Pattaya

Underwater World (อันเดอร์วอเตอร์ เวิลด์) is an aquarium with of marine species from the Gulf of Thailand. The tunnel is 105 metres long divided into four zones. There are feeding shows.

Pattaya[edit]

Pattaya beach (หาดพัทยา) is a half-moon-shaped beach about four kilometres long with Beach Road running parallel to the beach.

Suan Chaloemphrakiat (สวนเฉลิมพระเกียรติ) is a fitness park at the foot of Khao Pattaya. With an area of 6 acres (24,000 m2), the park commemorates His Majesty the King’s sixtieth birthday on December 5, 1988.

Jomtien Beach (หาดจอมเทียน) is a six kilometre-long beach, four kilometres from Pattaya. Beach Road runs parallel to the shore along which are hotels, restaurants, and a beach sports pavilion.

Wong Phra Chan (หาดวงพระจันทร์) is a small tranquil one kilometre beach, on the northern side of Pattaya Bay.

Sanctuary of Truth (ปราสาทสัจธรรม) is a large wooden structure situated by the sea at Laem Ratchawet, North Pattaya. The Sanctuary of Truth was built in 1981 by Mr. Lek Wiriyaphan, the founder of the Ancient City in Samut Prakan Province.

The Million-Year Stone Park and Crocodile Farm (อุทยานหินล้านปีและฟาร์มจระเข้พัทยา) has grounds landscaped with flowering and rock gardens. Hundreds of crocodiles as well as some rare animals, including albino bears and horses, are kept.

Mini Siam (เมืองจำลองพัทยา) is a model village that celebrates the heritage of Thailand with miniature replicas of famous monuments and historical sites.

Pattaya Elephant Village (หมู่บ้านช้างพัทยา) focuses on the daily life of elephants and their masters. It offers stage shows demonstrating how to catch wild elephants, elephants-at-work in the jungle, elephants playing football and a grand war elephants parade.

The Three Kingdoms Park (อุทยานสามก๊ก) is an attraction with the Sino-Thai architectural style. The art objects in this place are in accordance with the Chinese Fengshui: a five-storey building, displaying oil paintings of the life story of Kong Ming, as well as, Jiangxi sculptures of leading characters from the chronicle in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

Ripley’s World of Entertainment (ริบลีส์ เวิล์ด ออฟ เอนเตอร์เทนเม้นท์) is located on the 3rd floor of the Royal Garden Plaza Department Store, on Pattaya Beach Road.

Pattaya Park and Tower (สวนสนุกพัทยาปาร์ค) at Jomtien Beach features a whirlpool with sliders and a tower with a revolving restaurant.

Ko Lan (เกาะล้าน) is an island 7.5 kilometres from South Pattaya. It has beaches with white sand and clear water which are on the western side of the island.

Ko Sak (เกาะสาก) Six hundred metres north of Ko Lan is Ko Sak, a small island shaped like an upturned horseshoe. There are two connecting beaches to the north and south.

Mu Ko Phai (หมู่เกาะไผ่) is 23 kilometres from Pattaya beach comprising Ko Phai, Ko Man Wichai, Ko Lueam and Ko Klueng Badan. Ko Phai is the biggest one and is under the supervision of the Royal Thai Navy.

Anek Kuson Sala (Wihan Sian) (เอนกกุศลศาลา (วิหารเซียน)) is a place showing Chinese architecture and fine arts constructed in 1987 to celebrate the 60th anniversary of His Majesty the King’s birthday.

Wat Yanasangwararam Woramahawihan (วัดญาณสังวรารามวรมหาวิหาร) At the entrance are international pavilions. Within the compound of the temple are the Mondop where a replica of the Buddha’s footprint is enshrined, a large Chedi containing the relics of the Lord Buddha, as well as, his enlightened followers, and Wihan Phra Yanaret.

Thai Alangkarn Theater Pattaya (โรงละคร ไทย "อลังการ") is a project including a prototype hexa stage theater with 2,000 seats in tiers, cultural rostrum and a restaurant. The show, called ‘The Thai Extravaganza Show‘, presents Thailand through the use of multi-color lasers, surround sound system, and pyrotechnics, which synchronize with the act from a hundredof performers on stage.

The Phra Phuttha Maha Wachira Uttamophat Satsada of Khao Chi Chan

The Laser Beams Cast Buddha Image of Khao Chi Chan (พระพุทธรูปแกะสลักเขาชีจรรย์) The image is in the subduing Mara posture, cast by laser beams on the Khao Chi Chan cliff. It is a combination of Sukhothai and Lanna arts. The image called “Phra Phuttha Maha Wachira Uttamophat Satsada” was constructed in 1996 to honour His Majesty the King.

Wat Sattahip or Wat Luangpho I (วัดสัตหีบ หรือ วัดหลวงพ่ออี๋) was constructed during the reign of King Rama V by Luangpho I or Phrakhru Worawet Muni who possessed knowledge of meditation and was the comforter for local in their difficult times. Therefore, the monk was highly respected among the locals.

Hat Toei Ngam (หาดเตยงาม) has lines of toei trees (Pandanus kaida Kurz) on the 200 metre crescent beach. At the northern side of the beach is a naval museum and monument.

Hat Sai Kaeo (หาดทรายแก้ว) is a beach under the supervision of the Royal Thai Navy and is near the Naval Rating School.

Hat Nang Ram (หาดนางรำ) is a 200 metres long beach. At the tip of the beach stands the shrine of Kromluang Chumphonkhetudomsak, the Father of Royal Thai Navy.

Hat Nang Rong (หาดนางรอง) is a short distance beyond Hat Nang Ram. It is a 200 metre beach with pine trees.

Hat Thian Tale (หาดเทียนทะเล) is a sandy beach alternating with rocks, covering an area of 900 metres. It is a panoramic sightseeing point, with a bizarre shape of cliffs with a view of the sunset.

HTMS Chakri Naruebet (เรือรบหลวงจักรีนฤเบศร) is an offshore patrol helicopter carrier anchored at the Chuk Samet Deep Seaport. The important missions during wartime are the flagship of the fleet, controlling and commanding the fleet in the sea, as well as the aircraft carrier and air defence mission

Turtle Conservation Center, the Royal Thai Navy (ศูนย์อนุรักษ์พันธุ์เต่าทะเล กองทัพเรือ) has the objective of preservation of Thai sea turtles.

Chong Samaesan Village (หมู่บ้านช่องแสมสาร) offers fishing opportunities.

Suan Chunlakan Sathit Sathan Banphachon Siam (สวนจุลการสถิตสถานบรรพชนสยาม) is a park built for Admiral Prince Krommaluang Chumphon Khet Udomsak in 1995. There is a shrine, and statues of Prince Krommaluang Chumphon Khet Udomsak and significant persons in Thai history as well as revered Buddhist monks in the past can be seen.

Phra Phuttha Ming Mueang (พระพุทธมิ่งเมือง) is an engraved Buddha image out of padauk wood in the posture of subduing Mara. It is Laotian art, constructed by the Laotians who immigrated into this area. It is near the community centre of the Phanat Nikhom municipality office.

Ho Phra Phanatbodi (หอพระพนัสบดี) is a place where a replica of Phra Phanatbodi (Vanaspati) is enshrined. It is a standing Buddha image whose age is approximately 1,200-1,300 years. It was engraved out of black stone.

Wat Chum Saeng Si Wanaram (วัดชุมแสงศรีวนาราม) temple has Sala Kan Parian – a temple hall for the Buddhist monks’ meeting and religious ceremony, constructed of terra-cotta into modern architecture. It is called Mabunkhrong Building

Luangpho Tio, Wat Hua Thanon (หลวงพ่อติ้ว วัดหัวถนน) is an engraved image of taeo wood (called tio wood by the Laotians). During the Songkran period, on 19 April every year, a procession carries the image around the village.

Sa Siliam (สระสี่เหลี่ยม) is the pond where Phra Rot in the folk story “Phra Rot Meri”, brought his cock to drink water when he ran a cock fight to make a living for the 12 ladies in this area.

Wat Luang Phrommawat (วัดหลวงพรหมวาส) temple was a place where the ceremony of drinking an oath of allegiance was conducted. There are a large number of flying foxes in the trees.

Wat Tai Ton Lan (วัดใต้ต้นลาน) was constructed in 1905, representing the architecture of the local craftsmen such as the old wooden Sala Kan Parian – a preaching hall, a pair of swan columns, the cement giant sculpture, the ancient Jiangxi Chinese tiles, and the scripture hall or library made of teakwood surrounded by water.

Khao Cha Ang (เขาชะอางค์) (Amphoe Bo Thong) is an isolated limestone mountain standing on a plain and an important source of gold and antimony. Inside each mountain are beautiful caves such as Tham Nam, Tham Khangkhao, Tham Laplae and Tham Mangkon.

Tham Khao Cha-ang Song Khrueang (ถ้ำเขาชะอางค์ทรงเครื่อง) is a large cave and a location of beautiful stalagmites and stalactites, as well as habitat of bats.
Tham Khao Cha-ang Ha Yot (ถ้ำเขาชะอางค์ห้ายอด) is a cave of stalagmites and stalactites. The inside is divided into many small chambers.

Nong Nooch Tropical Botanical Garden is located about 15 kilometers south of Pattaya. It is a 500-acre (2.0 km2) botanical garden and orchid nursery, where cultural shows with trained chimpanzees and elephants are presented.

Entertainment[edit]

Nightlife Major hotels operate gourmet restaurants, cocktail lounges, discothèques, nightclubs and supper clubs which offer food, drinks, music and international entertainment.

Activities[edit]

Agro-tourism attractions Silver Lake Vineyard (ไร่องุ่นซิลเวอร์เลก) is located at Mu 7, Tambon Na Jomtien, Sattahip District, covering an area of 400 rai with 12 kinds of grapes, 11 of which are for fresh consumption and the other one is for making wine.

Ecotourism attractions Ko Kham Underwater Park (อุทยานใต้ทะเลเกาะขาม) is an attraction within the compound of the Royal Thai Navy in Sattahip. There are many Chan Pha (Dracaena loureiri Gagnep.) trees. It looks like two islands connecting each other with extending land. Snorkelling can be done at the island.

Coral reef submarine tours In Pattaya, there are submarines and semi-submarines to admire the beauty of the coral reefs underwater in the areas of Ko Lan and Ko Sak.

Local products[edit]

Handicrafts of Chonburi include Ang Sila’s granite mortars and Phanat Nikhom’s basketry. Chonburi has fresh and dried seafood.

Chaeng Lon (แจงลอน) is Chonburi’s delicacy which uses the same ingredients as Ho Mok (ห่อหมก) with coconut shreds to replace coconut milk. The mixture is hand-molded into small buns on a stick, and charcoal-grilled until cooked.

Hoi Cho (หอยจ้อ) is a Chinese delicacy. Sea crabs are used as the main ingredient.

Khao Lam (ข้าวหลาม) is aspeciality is made with sticky rice, sugar and coconut cream cooked in bamboo rods.

Stone products (ผลิตภัณฑ์จากหิน) such as a mortar, whetstone, engraved stone into animal shapes such as lions, elephants, horses and others are widely offered at Ang Sila, on the way from Chonburi to Bang Saen.

Products from Pineapple Paper (ผลิตภัณฑ์จากกระดาษใยสับปะรด) are produced in Tambon Nong Kham, Si Racha District. Examples of the products include wine boxes and bags, boxes of tissue paper, perfume boxes, photo albums, folders, sets of envelopes, and boxes of paper note.

Basketry Market (ตลาดจักสาน). Long known for its fine basketry products, Amphoe Phanat Nikhom originally made them for daily use. The products were developed into marketable hand-crafted items

Artificial fruits made of clay (ผลไม้ดินปั้น). Artificial fruits made of clay in miniature size are made, dried by sunlight and painted in actual colors. Then, they are wind dried again.

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Chonburi Annual Festival (งานนมัสการพระพุทธสิหิงค์และงานกาชาดประจำปีจังหวัดชลบุรี) fair is held mid-April during the Songkran Festival. Phra Phutthaishing, Chonburi’s principal Buddha image, is put in a procession around the city.

Wan Lai Festival (ประเพณีวันไหล) is a Chonburi merit-making day of the seamen on the Thai New Year during the Songkran Festival, running from 13–20 April every year. There is alms-offering to the monks, ceremony of pouring water onto the Buddha’s image, sand pagoda making, splashing water and local games and sports in Chonburi. The areas where the Wan Lai Festival is organized are as follows:

Pattaya–Na Kluea Wan Lai Festival and Na Kluea Kong Khao Fair (งานประเพณีวันไหล พัทยา- นาเกลือ และงานกองข้าวนาเกลือ) are organized on 18–20 April every year at Lan Pho Public Park, Na Kluea and Wat Chai Mongkhon in South Pattaya.

Bangsaen Speedfestival The Bangsaen Speedfestival is a 5 day racing event on the streets of Bangsaen, Chonburi. Raceclasses are divers, Yaris Cup, SuperCar Thailand races, SuperBike, 1500-2000, truck races, juniorraces. In 2012 the races will be held 19–23 December.

The grand finale of the Lotus Cup will be raced on he streetcircuit of Bangsaen on 12–16 December 2012.

Songkran Si Maha Racha Festival and Kong Khao Tradition (งานประเพณีสงกรานต์ศรีมหาราชาและงานประเพณีกองข้าว) is an ancient festival of the Chonburi locals. Si Racha District preserves this tradition and organizes it every year, during 19–21 April, to worship the gods who have been protecting them throughout the year. Activities comprise the procession led by the elderly and organizations in traditional Thai costume, a worship ceremony, spirit offering ceremony, Kong Khao tradition demonstration, local games, demonstrations, and sales of traditional desserts and local food.

Ko Phra Sai Wan Lai Festival, Bang Saen (งานประเพณีก่อพระทรายวันไหล บางแสน) is a festival which has been conducted by the Saen Suk people from the past. Originally, it was called “Ngan Thambun Wan Lai”, a gathering of people from villages to do the merit making in the Songkran Festival or the Thai New Year Day, taking place on 16–17 April, every year. Monks from every temple in Saen Suk sub-district are invited to perform the religious ceremony. There is merit making, food offering and bahting ceremony. Later, there are activities of sand pagoda making, water splashing, local games and sports, etc.

Ngan Bun Klang Ban and Phanat Nikhom Basketwork (งานบุญกลางบ้าน และเครื่องจักสานพนัสนิคม) are traditions that have been passed on for a long period of time of the Phanat Nikhom people. They are organized on Friday, Saturday and Sunday in the first week of May or the Thai 6th lunar month. The locals will bring food, offer them to the monks, and dedicate the merit to the guardian spirits, enemies from a former life, the deceased relatives, as well as, to drive out bad things, to ask for rain during the season and to wish for abundant food and plants. After the religious ceremony, there is lunch, local games and a demonstration of Phanat Nikhom basketry making.

Chonburi Buffalo Race (งานประเพณีวิ่งควาย) is a long-established celebration of this most useful animal of Thai farmers. A fun-filled event, it is held not only in Chonburi itself but also in Ban Bueng and Nong Yai districts. The beasts of burden are dressed outrageously or with admirable creativity by owners depending on their imagination. Assembled in the courtyard in front of the town hall, the buffaloes partake in racing, or take part in physical fitness and “fashion” contests.

The Chonburi Buffalo Race festival started more than 100 years ago.[4] Usually, the races will be complemented with booths selling locally made items, stage performances, games and beauty contests.[5] The annual Buffalo Race, held around the 11th lunar month -normally in October.[6] It takes 7 days and takes place on thefield in front of the city and provincial government offices.The highlight of the festival is the buffalo race which is on the last 2 days. This race is 100 meters– long. The prize for the first nose past the finish lineis a trophy and some money.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.citypopulation.de/php/thailand-admin.php
  2. ^ http://stat.bora.dopa.go.th/stat/y_stat55.html
  3. ^ http://nationmultimedia.com/breakingnews/Chon-Buri-sees-9mn-visitors-in-2012-30203664.html
  4. ^ สำนักงานคณะกรรมการวัฒนธรรมแห่งชาติ, ประเพณีวิ่งควาย (1994). ชีวิตไทยชุดบรรพบุรุษของเรา.กรุงเทพฯ : คุรุสภาลาดพร้าว, 2013
  5. ^ Amazing Thailand Always amazes You “Buffalo Racing” Retrieved October 19, 2013 from http://www.pattayamail.com/localnews/chonburi-buffalos-race-oct-14-20-29888
  6. ^ CPRD. Pattaya Mail “Chonburi buffalos race Oct. 14-20” (Friday, 06 September 2013) Retrieved October 19, 2013 from http://www.tourismthailand.org/See-and-Do/Events-and-Festivals/Buffalo-Racing--231

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External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°21′44″N 100°59′0″E / 13.36222°N 100.98333°E / 13.36222; 100.98333