Cori language

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Cori
Native to Nigeria
Region Kaduna State
Native speakers
1,000  (2004)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 cry
Glottolog cori1240[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

The Cori (Chori) language is a minor Plateau language spoken in a single village in Kaduna State in Nigeria.

Tone[edit]

Cori is known for having six distinct levels of tone, too many to transcribe using the International Phonetic Alphabet, which allows five. However, there are only three underlying tones: 1 (top), 4 (mid), and 6 (bottom), which are all that need to be written for literacy. Most cases of Tone 2 (high) are a result of tone sandhi, with 4 becoming 2 before 1. Tones 3 (mid-high) and 5 (low) can be analyzed as contour tones, with underlying /1͡6/ realized as [3] and /2͡6/ realized as [5].

In order to transcribe the surface tones without numerals (which are ambiguous), an extra diacritic is needed, as is common for four-level languages in Central America:

1 [ő] (top)
2 [ó] (high)
3 [o̍] (mid-high)
4 [ō] (mid)
5 [ò] (low)
6 [ȍ] (bottom)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cori at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Cori". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Dihoff, Ivan (1976). Aspects of the tonal structure of Chori. Doctoral dissertation, University of Wisconsin.