Chormaqan

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Chormaqan (also Chormagan or Chormaqan Noyan) (died 1241) was one of the most famous generals of the Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan and Ögedei Khan. He was also a member of the keshik.

Chormaqan is mentioned in The Secret History of Mongols many times. He probably participated in the Mongol campaigns in North China and later in the Subutai's and Jebe's famous journey through Caucasus and Russian steppes. Appointed by Ögedei in the winter of 1230 to renew the Mongol conquests in Persia, which had languished since Genghis Khan's assault on and near destruction of the Khwarezmid Empire from 1218 to 1223.

At the approach of Chormagan and the new Mongol army, the Khwarezmids under Jalal ad-Din were swept away. Further campaigns in the mid-1230s, based from the steppes in Azerbaijan around Tabriz, firmly established the Kingdom of Georgia and Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia as vassals. It is theorized that these moves may have been made to secure communications for the attack westward led by Batu that followed shortly thereafter.

Chormaqan died in 1241 and was replaced by Baiju, his lieutenant. His son Shiramun later served under the Il-khans Hulagu and Abaqa.[1] His daughter Esukan was married to King David VII of Georgia.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jackson, Peter (December 15, 1993). Čormāgūn. Encyclopædia Iranica.
  2. ^ Howorth, Henry H. (1888). History of the Mongols from the 9th to the 19th century. Part III. London: Longmans, Green, And Co. p. 198. 

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