Choroid plexus papilloma

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Choroid plexus papilloma
Classification and external resources
Plexuspapillom Makroskopie.png
ICD-10 C71.5
ICD-9 191.5
ICD-O: M9390/1
eMedicine article/250795 radio/171
MeSH D020288

A Choroid plexus papilloma (CPP) is a rare, slow-growing, histologically benign intracranial neoplasm or tumor that is commonly located in the ventricular system of the choroid plexus.[1] It leads to increased cerebrospinal fluid production, thus causing increased intracranial pressure and hydrocephalus.[2]

Pathophysiology[edit]

The tumor is neuroectodermal in origin and similar in structure to a normal choroid plexus. They may be created by epithelial cells of the choroid plexus.

Frequency and age affected[edit]

Internationally tumors of the choroid plexus are rare, accounting for 0.4-0.6% of all intracranial neoplasms. It most commonly affects young children under the age of 5 with a mean patient age of 5.2 years.

Signs and symptoms[edit]

Signs of the tumor resulting from increased intracranial pressure are present in 91% of patients, with vomiting, homonymous visual field defects and headache being the most common symptoms. Other symptoms are ear ringing and dizzyness.

Surgical treatment[edit]

Choroid plexus papillomas are benign tumors that are usually cured by surgery; malignant progression has been rarely reported.

See also[edit]

Media related to Choroid plexus papilloma at Wikimedia Commons

Additional images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McEvoy AW, Harding BN, Phipps KP, et al. (April 2000). "Management of choroid plexus tumours in children: 20 years experience at a single neurosurgical centre". Pediatr Neurosurg 32 (4): 192–9. doi:10.1159/000028933. PMID 10940770. 
  2. ^ Oliver Adunka; Craig Buchman (11 October 2010). Otology, Neurotology, and Lateral Skull Base Surgery: An Illustrated Handbook. Thieme. pp. 353–. ISBN 978-3-13-149621-8. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 

External links[edit]